Table of content
- Step 1: Installing Python
- Step 2: Setting Up the Command Prompt
- Step 3: Importing the Subprocess Module
- Step 4: Running Basic CMD Commands
- Step 5: Running Multiple CMD Commands
- Step 6: Capturing Command Output
Python is an open-source high-level programming language that supports multiple programming paradigms. Command Prompt, also known as CMD, is a command-line interpreter used in Windows operating systems to execute commands. In this tutorial, we will be discussing 10 simple steps you can follow to execute a CMD command in Python.
By using the subprocess module in Python, we can execute CMD commands directly from our Python script. This is useful in situations where we need to automate the execution of certain CMD commands or when we want to execute a CMD command and retrieve its output.
Whether you are a beginner or an experienced programmer, this guide will help you understand the basics of using Python to execute CMD commands with the subprocess module. With the clear and concise steps outlined in this tutorial, you will be able to execute CMD commands in Python in no time!
Step 1: Installing Python
Before we can execute a CMD command in Python, we need to have Python installed on our system. Python is a high-level, interpreted programming language that is commonly used for web development, scientific computing, data analysis, artificial intelligence, and more. Here are the steps to install Python on Windows:
- Go to the official Python website (https://www.python.org/) and select "Downloads" from the menu at the top of the page.
- Choose the appropriate installer for your system. If you have a 64-bit version of Windows, select the "Windows x86-64 executable installer" option. If you have a 32-bit version of Windows, select the "Windows x86 executable installer" option.
- Run the downloaded installer and follow the on-screen instructions to complete the installation process. Make sure to select the "Add Python to PATH" option during the installation process, so that Python is added to your system's PATH environment variable.
Once Python is installed on your system, you can open a Command Prompt or PowerShell window and type "python" to access the Python interpreter. This will allow you to execute Python commands and scripts from the command line. In the next step, we will learn how to execute a CMD command in Python.
Step 2: Setting Up the Command Prompt
Before we can begin executing CMD commands in Python, we need to set up the command prompt. Here's how to do it:
Open the Command Prompt on your computer. To do this, press
Windows + Rto open the Run dialog box, type
cmdand press Enter.
Navigate to the directory where your Python script is located by using the
cdcommand. For example, if your script is located in the
C:\Users\Username\Documents\Pythondirectory, you can navigate to it by typing
cd C:\Users\Username\Documents\Pythonand pressing Enter.
Once you are in the directory where your Python script is located, you can start executing CMD commands. For example, let's say you want to execute the
dircommand to list all the files and directories in the current directory. You can do this by typing
dirand pressing Enter.
If you want to execute a CMD command with arguments, you can do this by putting the arguments after the command. For example, if you want to list all the files and directories in the current directory sorted by size, you can execute the
dircommand with the
/O:Sargument by typing
dir /O:Sand pressing Enter.
By following these simple steps, you should now be able to set up the command prompt on your computer and begin executing CMD commands in Python. In the next step, we will learn how to execute CMD commands in Python by using the
Step 3: Importing the Subprocess Module
Importing the Subprocess Module
The Subprocess module is a Python module used to run new processes and communicate with them. It is used to create new processes, connect to existing processes, and execute commands in multiple formats. This module is required for executing CMD commands in Python.
To use the Subprocess module in a Python script, you must first import it. Here are the steps to import the Subprocess module:
- Open your Python script.
- At the beginning of the script, type "import subprocess".
Once you have imported the Subprocess module, you can continue with the next step of executing the CMD command. It is important to note that the Subprocess module is included with Python, so you do not need to install any additional packages or libraries.
When you import the Subprocess module, you are able to create and control child processes in your Python script. This allows you to execute CMD commands and interact with their outputs. The Subprocess module is a powerful tool that can be used in various Python applications.
Step 4: Running Basic CMD Commands
Once you have imported the
subprocess module and defined the command you want to run using the
Popen function, it's time to actually execute the command. In this step, we will learn how to run basic CMD commands using Python.
Popen function returns a subprocess.Popen object, which represents the new child process created by the function. To run a basic CMD command, you can simply call the
communicate() method of the Popen object. This will execute the command and return the output of the command.
cmd = subprocess.Popen(['dir'], stdout=subprocess.PIPE, stderr=subprocess.PIPE) output, error = cmd.communicate() print(output.decode())
In the above example, we are running the
dir command, which lists the contents of the current directory. The
stdout argument is set to
subprocess.PIPE, which redirects the standard output of the command to a pipe, which can be read using the
communicate() method. The
stderr argument is also set to
subprocess.PIPE, which redirects the standard error stream of the command to a pipe.
communicate() method returns a tuple containing the stdout and stderr output of the process. In our example, we are only interested in the stdout output, so we store it in the
output variable. Before we print the output, we need to decode it using the
decode() method, since it is returned as bytes.
This will print the output of the
dir command to the console, allowing you to see the contents of the current directory.
You can run any CMD command using this approach, as long as you know the correct syntax and arguments to pass to the
Popen function. In the next step, we will learn how to pass arguments to CMD commands using Python.
Step 5: Running Multiple CMD Commands
In some cases, you might need to run multiple CMD commands in one Python script. Luckily, it's fairly simple to do so using the
os.system() function. Here's how:
- First, import the
- Next, use the
os.system()function to run each command. Separate each command with a semicolon. For example:
os.system("command1; command2; command3")
This will run
command3 in succession.
- If you need to run commands that have spaces in them, enclose each command in quotes:
os.system("\"command with spaces\"; \"another command with spaces\"")
- If you need to capture the output of each command, you can use the
import subprocess output1 = subprocess.check_output("command1", shell=True) output2 = subprocess.check_output("command2", shell=True)
This will run
command1 and store its output in the
output1 variable, and then run
command2 and store its output in the
By following these simple steps, you can easily run multiple CMD commands in your Python scripts.
Step 6: Capturing Command Output
When we execute a command using the
subprocess module, we may want to capture the output of the command for further use. Here's an example on how to capture output:
import subprocess result = subprocess.run(['ls', '-la'], stdout=subprocess.PIPE) print(result.stdout.decode())
In this example, we're executing the
ls command with the
'-la' flag to list all files and directories in the current directory. We're also passing the
stdout=subprocess.PIPE argument to tell
subprocess to capture the output of the command.
subprocess.run() method returns a
CompletedProcess object that contains information about the command execution. To access the command output, we can use the
stdout attribute of the
CompletedProcess object. The output is represented as bytes, so we need to decode it to a string using the
Capturing the output of a command is useful when we need to process the output in our Python code. With the
subprocess module, it's easy to execute commands and capture their output. With this step done, let's move on to the next one!
In , executing a CMD command in Python can seem like a daunting task at first, but with the right tools and knowledge, it can become an essential part of your programming arsenal. By following the 10 simple steps outlined in this article, you can easily execute CMD commands within Python and enhance the functionality of your applications.
As a reminder, the steps include:
- Importing the 'subprocess' module
- Defining the command to be executed
- Creating a subprocess object
- Running the subprocess object
- Setting the subprocess object's stdout value
- Creating a list of arguments
- Creating a subprocess object with arguments
- Running the subprocess object with arguments
- Handling subprocess exceptions
- Saving the output to a variable
By mastering these steps, you can leverage the power of CMD commands within Python and unlock a range of exciting new possibilities for your Android development projects. Remember to experiment and explore different commands, and don't be afraid to dig deeper into this fascinating subject!
We hope you found this tutorial helpful, and we look forward to seeing what you can create with your newfound knowledge. Happy coding!