Calculating percentages in JavaScript is a common task for many applications and can be achieved using basic mathematical operations. In this article, we'll discuss how to calculate percentage in JavaScript, including several code examples to demonstrate how it's done.

To calculate a percentage, we need to first understand what a percentage represents. A percentage is a fraction of 100, where 100 represents the whole. To calculate a percentage, we take a part of a whole and divide it by the whole, then multiply by 100 to get the result as a percentage.

For example, if we have 50 apples and we want to calculate what percentage of the total this represents, we would divide 50 by 100 and multiply by 100, giving us 50%.

Now that we understand what a percentage is, let's look at how we can calculate percentages in JavaScript.

The first example shows how to calculate a simple percentage:

```
// Example 1
let total = 100;
let part = 50;
let percentage = (part / total) * 100;
console.log(percentage + '%'); // Output: 50%
```

In this example, we declare a `total`

of 100 and a `part`

of 50. We then use a simple mathematical formula to calculate the percentage and output the result to the console.

The next example shows how to calculate the percentage increase or decrease between two values:

```
// Example 2
let oldValue = 100;
let newValue = 150;
let percentageChange = ((newValue - oldValue) / oldValue) * 100;
console.log(percentageChange + '%'); // Output: 50%
```

In this example, we calculate the difference between the `oldValue`

and the `newValue`

, then divide that difference by the `oldValue`

and multiply by 100 to get the percentage change.

Finally, we can also calculate the percentage of a target value based on a current value:

```
// Example 3
let currentValue = 50;
let targetValue = 100;
let targetPercentage = (currentValue / targetValue) * 100;
console.log(targetPercentage + '%'); // Output: 50%
```

In this example, we divide the `currentValue`

by the `targetValue`

and multiply by 100 to get the percentage of the `targetValue`

that the `currentValue`

represents.

In conclusion, calculating percentages in JavaScript is a straightforward task that can be accomplished using basic mathematical operations. Whether you need to calculate a simple percentage, the percentage increase or decrease between two values, or the percentage of a target value, these code examples should provide a solid starting point for your projects.

In addition to calculating percentages in JavaScript, it's also important to understand how to format the results. By default, JavaScript will return the result of a calculation as a decimal value, but in many cases, you'll want to display the result as a percentage with the percent symbol.

To format a result as a percentage, you can use the `toFixed()`

method. This method allows you to specify the number of decimal places you want the result to have, and it returns the result as a string. Here's an example of how to use `toFixed()`

to format a result as a percentage:

```
// Example 4
let total = 100;
let part = 50;
let percentage = ((part / total) * 100).toFixed(2);
console.log(percentage + '%'); // Output: 50.00%
```

In this example, we use the `toFixed(2)`

method to specify that we want the result to have two decimal places. The result is then concatenated with the percent symbol and output to the console.

It's also important to note that when using the `toFixed()`

method, the result will always be returned as a string. If you need to perform additional calculations with the result, you'll need to convert it back to a number using the `parseFloat()`

or `parseInt()`

function.

```
// Example 5
let total = 100;
let part = 50;
let percentage = parseFloat((part / total) * 100).toFixed(2);
let newPercentage = percentage + 10;
console.log(newPercentage + '%'); // Output: 60.00%
```

In this example, we use the `parseFloat()`

function to convert the result of the calculation to a floating-point number, allowing us to perform additional calculations with the result.

In conclusion, calculating percentages in JavaScript is a common task that can be achieved using basic mathematical operations. Formatting the results as percentages with the percent symbol is also straightforward and can be accomplished using the `toFixed()`

method. Whether you're building a simple calculator or a complex application, understanding how to calculate and format percentages in JavaScript is a valuable skill to have.

## Popular questions

- What is a percentage in mathematics?

A percentage is a fraction of 100, where 100 represents the whole. It is used to express a portion of a whole as a ratio of the whole.

- How do you calculate a percentage in JavaScript?

To calculate a percentage in JavaScript, you can use basic mathematical operations such as division and multiplication. You first divide the part of the whole by the whole, and then multiply the result by 100 to get the percentage.

- How do you format a result as a percentage in JavaScript?

To format a result as a percentage in JavaScript, you can use the `toFixed()`

method. This method allows you to specify the number of decimal places you want the result to have and returns the result as a string. You can then concatenate the percent symbol to the result to display it as a percentage.

- What is the difference between
`parseFloat()`

and`parseInt()`

in JavaScript?

The `parseFloat()`

function in JavaScript is used to convert a string to a floating-point number. The `parseInt()`

function is used to convert a string to an integer. The difference between the two is that `parseFloat()`

allows for decimal values, while `parseInt()`

only allows for integer values.

- What are some practical applications for calculating percentages in JavaScript?

Calculating percentages in JavaScript is a common task for many applications, including financial calculators, data analysis, and reporting. It's also used for making comparisons between values, calculating the difference between values, and for determining the percentage of a target value based on a current value. Understanding how to calculate percentages in JavaScript is a valuable skill for anyone working with data or building applications that require mathematical calculations.

### Tag

Mathematics.