cant bind to formgroup since it isnt a known property of form with code examples

If you are working on an Angular application and you receive an error message stating that "can't bind to formGroup since it isn't a known property of form", it usually means that the application is having difficulties recognizing the formGroup in the module. In this article, we will delve into the issue and discuss how to resolve it.

What is FormGroup?

The first thing to understand is what FormGroup is. FormGroup is a class that is a part of the Angular Reactive Forms API. It facilitates the creation and management of form controls and their properties. Form controls can be combined to form formGroups, which represent a logical grouping of controls. FormGroup is used to display, validate, and manage data on a form.

FormGroup is a complex object that manages the states of multiple form controls and their values. It exposes the value changes and form control status to the parent form. Therefore, if there is an error in referencing FormGroup in the code, it can be quite challenging to track it down.

Recognizing the Error

If Angular is not recognizing FormGroup, it throws an error message stating that the application can't bind to it because it's not a known property of the class. The error message appears something like this:

ERROR in : 'AppComponent' template cannot bind to 'formGroup' since it isn't a known property of 'form'.


Uncaught Error: Template parse errors:
Can't bind to 'formGroup' since it isn't a known property of 'form'.

This error message could appear for various reasons, and resolving it requires a thorough look into the codebase.

Resolving the Error

There are several ways to resolve the "can't bind to formGroup since it isn't a known property of form" error. Here are some of the most common approaches.

  1. Import the ReactiveFormsModule

Angular Reactive Forms are not part of the base Angular module, and therefore, Reactive Forms, FormControls, and FormGroup need to be imported into the module by referencing the ReactiveFormsModule in the import statement. In the module.ts file, the following line of code should be included:

import { ReactiveFormsModule } from '@angular/forms';

Then, add the ReactiveFormsModule into the imports array of NgModule as shown below:

declarations: [
imports: [
providers: [],
bootstrap: [AppComponent]
export class AppModule { }

Make sure that the reactive form module is globally imported in the application module.

  1. Verify the Correct Module is Loaded

If the issue persists, ensure that the component's corresponding module is importing the Reactive Forms module. When FormGroup is used, it should always be tied to a parent component that's bound to a module.

In the component.ts file, make sure that the module is imported, as shown in the example below:

import { Component } from '@angular/core';
import {FormGroup, FormBuilder} from '@angular/forms';

selector: 'app-example-form',
template: <form [formGroup]="exampleForm"> <!-- form controls go here --> </form>
export class ExampleComponent {
exampleForm: FormGroup;

constructor(private fb: FormBuilder) {
this.exampleForm ={});

  1. Check Your FormsModule

Another common issue causing this error is when the FormsModule is imported instead of the ReactiveFormsModule. The FormsModule is used for template-driven forms, which work differently from the Reactive Forms and have different directives.

In the module.ts file, you should make sure to remove the following line:

import { FormsModule } from '@angular/forms';

And replace it with:

import { ReactiveFormsModule } from '@angular/forms';
// OR
import { FormGroup, FormBuilder } from '@angular/forms';

  1. Ensure the FormGroup Reference is Properly Written

Make sure that the syntax for using FormGroup is precise and that the formGroup directives appear exactly as formGroup without capital letters. Additionally, make sure the DOM tag "form" has the attribute "FormGroup," and the code is not missing the closing tags.


In conclusion, the "can't bind to formGroup since it isn't a known property of form" error can be caused by several mistakes in the codebase. The most common reasons are missing import statements, incorrect module references, incorrect syntax, and using the wrong forms module. By following the resolutions discussed in this article and thoroughly inspecting your code, you can fix this issue and get your Angular application running again.

here are some additional details on the topics mentioned in the article:

  1. ReactiveFormsModule

The ReactiveFormsModule is a module in Angular that enables the creation and manipulation of Reactive Forms. ReactiveForms is an alternative to Template-Driven Forms, which follow a different approach.

Unlike Template-Driven Forms, which are reliant on the template, Reactive Forms are coded in the component class. Reactive Forms offer increased flexibility and finer control over the form's behavior, making them preferred for complex forms.

The ReactiveFormsModule provides various services to facilitate form building, including FormBuilder, FormArray, and FormGroup. These services enable you to create controls programmatically and group them together to create larger forms.

  1. FormsModule

FormsModule is another module in Angular that provides support for Template-Driven Forms. It is used in conjunction with the ngModel directive to handle user inputs.

Template-Driven Forms rely heavily on templates, and the form's behavior is determined by the template. While Template-Driven Forms are simpler to implement, they are less flexible than Reactive Forms. The primary advantage of Template-Driven Forms is that they are easy to learn and quick to implement.

If you're using Template-Driven Forms, you'll want to make sure you don't accidentally import the FormsModule instead of the ReactiveFormsModule when working with FormGroup.

  1. FormGroup

FormGroup is a class in Angular that inherits from AbstractControl and is part of the Reactive Forms API. It is used to bundle form controls together, enabling the application to handle multiple controls as a group.

The FormGroup class helps provide a more organized approach to collecting and managing form data. For instance, a user's account registration form might have multiple fields that need formatting on submission. By bundling these fields together in a FormGroup, the app can handle them all at once, ensuring data consistency in the form.

To recognize FormGroup, the ReactiveFormsModule must be included in the application's module file. Once this is done, you can create a new instance of the FormGroup class and use it to manage control states, value changes, and emit events as needed.

  1. Common Mistakes

The "can't bind to formGroup since it isn't a known property of form" error is caused mainly by missing, improper, or incorrect usage of the ReactiveFormsModule in your codebase. Here are some common mistakes that can cause the error:

  • Improper syntax or use of the FormGroup directive
  • Wrong/missing import statements in the module file
  • Confusing FormsModule and ReactiveFormsModule in your component
  • Not having your Reactive Forms globally imported in the application module

By avoiding these common mistakes and checking your code for these issues, you can avoid the "can't bind to formGroup since it isn't a known property of form" error and continue building your Angular application with ease.

Popular questions

  1. What is FormGroup in Angular, and what is its purpose?

FormGroup is a class in Angular that belongs to the Reactive Forms API. It is used for grouping and managing form controls, which represent user input fields. FormGroup provides a structured and organized way to collect, validate, and manipulate user data in an Angular application.

  1. What types of errors can cause the "can't bind to FormGroup since it isn't a known property of form" error in Angular?

There are several reasons why you might encounter this error, including:

  • Incorrect or missing import statements for the ReactiveFormsModule
  • Confusing the FormsModule and ReactiveFormsModule in a component
  • Incorrect syntax for the FormGroup directive
  • Not having the Reactive Forms globally imported in the application module
  1. How can you resolve the "can't bind to FormGroup" error in Angular?

There are several steps you can take to resolve this error:

  • Ensure the ReactiveFormsModule is imported correctly in the module file and globally imported in the application module
  • Verify that the correct module is loaded, with a corresponding import statement for the ReactiveFormsModule
  • Check for proper syntax in the use of the FormGroup directive in the component
  • Verify that you have correctly distinguished FormsModule from the ReactiveFormsModule in your code
  1. What is the primary difference between Reactive Forms and Template-Driven Forms in Angular?

Reactive Forms and Template-Driven Forms are two different approaches to handling forms in Angular. Reactive Forms use a code-based approach, while Template-Driven Forms rely more on the template for implementation. Reactive Forms are more flexible and powerful, while Template-Driven Forms are easier to learn and implement.

  1. What is the benefit of using FormGroup in Angular?

Grouping form controls using FormGroup provides a more organized and structured approach to managing user data in Angular. It allows you to create a single object for multiple controls, handling their values, states, and events collectively. By bundling multiple fields like this, you can ensure data consistency, validation, and streamlined handling of input data.



My passion for coding started with my very first program in Java. The feeling of manipulating code to produce a desired output ignited a deep love for using software to solve practical problems. For me, software engineering is like solving a puzzle, and I am fully engaged in the process. As a Senior Software Engineer at PayPal, I am dedicated to soaking up as much knowledge and experience as possible in order to perfect my craft. I am constantly seeking to improve my skills and to stay up-to-date with the latest trends and technologies in the field. I have experience working with a diverse range of programming languages, including Ruby on Rails, Java, Python, Spark, Scala, Javascript, and Typescript. Despite my broad experience, I know there is always more to learn, more problems to solve, and more to build. I am eagerly looking forward to the next challenge and am committed to using my skills to create impactful solutions.

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