# check if a number is integer or decimal in python with code examples

Integers and decimal numbers are two types of numeric data types in Python. While integers represent whole numbers, decimal numbers represent fractional quantities. In programming, it is essential to distinguish between them as they may require different operations. Sometimes the data provided may not be in an appropriate format, and the code needs to determine whether it is an integer or decimal number to handle it correctly.

In this article, we will discuss various methods to check if a number is an integer or decimal in Python and provide relevant code examples.

Method 1: Using the type() function

Python has a built-in function called type() that returns the data type of the argument passed into it. We can determine if a given number is an integer or decimal type by using the type() function. Here's an example code:

```number = 10
if type(number) == int:
print("The number is an integer.")
else:
print("The number is a decimal.")
```

In this example, we assigned the value '10' to the variable 'number'. We passed this variable to the function 'type()' and compared it to the integer data type using the '==' operator. If it evaluates to 'True', we print the message indicating that the number is an integer. Otherwise, we print the message indicating that the number is a decimal.

Method 2: Using the isinstance() function

Another built-in function in Python is 'isinstance()'. It checks whether an object is an instance of a particular class or not. We can use this function to check if a number is an integer, decimal, or even float. Here is an example code:

```number = 10.5
if isinstance(number, int):
print("The number is an integer.")
elif isinstance(number, float):
print("The number is a decimal.")
else:
print("The number is not a numeric data type.")
```

In this example, we assigned '10.5' to the variable 'number'. We passed this variable to the 'isinstance()' function and compared it to the integer and float data types through the 'if-elif' statement. The 'else' block indicates that the input data type is not numeric.

Method 3: Using the math module

The math module in Python provides helpful functions that can round off decimal numbers to the nearest integer. One such function is 'floor()', which truncates decimal numbers down to the nearest integer. We can use this function to check if a given number is an integer or a decimal.

```from math import floor
number = 7.0
if number == floor(number):
print("The number is an integer.")
else:
print("The number is a decimal.")
```

In this example, we imported the math module and used the 'floor()' function to round off the number to the nearest integer. If the original number and the rounded number are the same, it must be an integer; otherwise, it will be a decimal number.

Conclusion:

In this article, we discussed three different methods to check if a given number is an integer or a decimal in Python. The first and most basic way was by using the built-in 'type()' function. The second method was more flexible and used the 'isinstance()' function, which can distinguish between more complex data types. The third method used the math module to round off a decimal number to determine its type.

No matter what programming challenge you may be dealing with, correctly identifying the data type of inputs is a crucial step in creating accurate and functional code.

here are some additional details and code examples for the methods discussed in the article:

Method 1: Using the type() function

The 'type()' function is a built-in Python function that can be used to obtain the type of an object. When used with a numeric type in Python, it returns 'int' for integers and 'float' for decimal numbers. Here is an example code:

```number = 5          # integer
decimal = 3.14      # decimal

if type(number) == int:
print("It is an integer")
else:
print("It is a decimal")

if type(decimal) == int:
print("It is an integer")
else:
print("It is a decimal")
```

In this example, we defined two variables, 'number' and 'decimal', one as an integer and the other as a decimal. We used the 'type()' function to check the type of each variable. If the type is 'int', we concluded that it is an integer, and if the type is 'float', we concluded that it is a decimal.

Method 2: Using the isinstance() function

The 'isinstance()' function is another built-in function in Python that provides a more powerful way of classifying data types. The function takes in two arguments, an object and a type of data, and returns 'True' if the object is of that data type. Here's an example code:

```number = 5          # integer
decimal = 3.14      # decimal

if isinstance(number, int):
print("It is an integer")
else:
print("It is a decimal")

if isinstance(decimal, int):
print("It is an integer")
else:
print("It is a decimal")
```

In this example, we defined the same two variables, 'number' and 'decimal', as integers and decimals, respectively. We used the 'isinstance()' function to check the type of each variable, similar to the previous example. However, this time, we passed the type as an argument to the function, which returns 'True' if the object is of that type and 'False' otherwise.

Method 3: Using the math module

The math module provides many functions in Python that can be useful for working with numeric types. For example, the 'math.floor()' function is used to round down a given decimal number to the nearest integer. Here's an example code:

```import math

number = 5          # integer
decimal = 3.14      # decimal

if math.floor(number) == number:
print("It is an integer")
else:
print("It is a decimal")

if math.floor(decimal) == decimal:
print("It is an integer")
else:
print("It is a decimal")
```

In this example, we imported the math module into our script and used the 'math.floor()' function to round down each variable to the nearest integer. We then compared the original number with the rounded number to determine if it's an integer or a decimal. If the rounded number is the same as the original number, we concluded that it is an integer, and if the rounded number differs from the original, it is a decimal.

In conclusion, there are multiple ways to check if a number is an integer or decimal in Python. The method you choose depends on your specific use case and the type of input you are working with. The type() function is a straightforward method that works well for most cases. The isinstance() function is more flexible and can distinguish between more complex data types. Lastly, using the math module is particularly useful when you need to round off decimals to determine their type.

## Popular questions

Here are five questions and their corresponding answers about checking if a number is an integer or a decimal in Python:

1. What built-in Python function can be used to check the type of an object?
• The built-in Python function that can be used to check the type of an object is the `type()` function.
1. How does the `isinstance()` function differ from the `type()` function for checking the type of a number?
• The `isinstance()` function takes two arguments, an object and a type of data, and returns `True` if the object is of that data type. It is more flexible and can distinguish between more complex data types than the `type()` function, which simply returns the type of the object.
1. What function in the math module can be used to round down a decimal number to the nearest integer?
• The `math.floor()` function in the math module can be used to round down a decimal number to the nearest integer.
1. What is the output of the following code when run in Python: `print(type(5.5))`?
• The output of the code `print(type(5.5))` is `float` because 5.5 is a decimal number.
1. How does the `is_integer()` method differ from using the `math.floor()` function to check if a number is an integer?
• The `is_integer()` method is a built-in method for float numbers in Python that returns `True` if the number is an integer and `False` otherwise. It is a more streamlined approach to checking if a float is an integer. The `math.floor()` function, on the other hand, is used to round down decimals to the nearest integer, and checking if the rounded number is the same as the original number is a way to check if the number is an integer.

### Tag

"NumType" ##### Surarchith Midhunakula
My passion for coding started with my very first program in Java. The feeling of manipulating code to produce a desired output ignited a deep love for using software to solve practical problems. For me, software engineering is like solving a puzzle, and I am fully engaged in the process. As a Senior Software Engineer at PayPal, I am dedicated to soaking up as much knowledge and experience as possible in order to perfect my craft. I am constantly seeking to improve my skills and to stay up-to-date with the latest trends and technologies in the field. I have experience working with a diverse range of programming languages, including Ruby on Rails, Java, Python, Spark, Scala, Javascript, and Typescript. Despite my broad experience, I know there is always more to learn, more problems to solve, and more to build. I am eagerly looking forward to the next challenge and am committed to using my skills to create impactful solutions.
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