# coderbyte sql solutions with code examples

Coderbyte SQL Solutions with Code Examples

SQL (Structured Query Language) is a powerful tool that helps developers to interact with databases by creating, modifying, and manipulating data. Along with other programming languages, SQL is an integral part of coder's toolkit.

Coderbyte is an online coding platform that provides programmers with a range of coding challenges in various languages, including SQL. It offers various SQL problems for beginners as well as experts to sharpen their problem-solving skills. In this article, we will provide solutions to some of the most popular SQL problems on Coderbyte. We will also discuss code examples and explain the concepts used in each problem.

Problem 1: SQL Distinct

The first problem we will discuss is the SQL Distinct problem. The problem statement is to retrieve only unique or distinct values from a table. Consider the following table called "students":

```| Name | Age | Gender |
------------------------
|   A  | 20  |   M    |
|   B  | 18  |   F    |
|   C  | 20  |   F    |
|   D  | 19  |   M    |
|   E  | 20  |   M    |
|   F  | 18  |   F    |
```

We need to write an SQL query that retrieves only the distinct age values from the table. The query would be:

```SELECT DISTINCT Age FROM students;
```

Code Explanation

The DISTINCT keyword in SQL is used to eliminate duplicates from the result set. In this query, the SELECT statement retrieves only the "Age" column from the "students" table. The DISTINCT keyword ensures that only unique "Age" values are returned, i.e., 20, 18, and 19.

Problem 2: SQL Order By

The SQL Order By problem requires us to retrieve data from the table in a particular order. Consider the following table called "employees":

```| ID |  Name   | Salary |
-------------------------
|  1 |  Alice  |  5000  |
|  2 |  Bob    |  6000  |
|  3 |  Charlie|  4500  |
|  4 |  David  |  7000  |
|  5 |  Emily  |  5500  |
|  6 |  Frank  |  8000  |
```

We need to write an SQL query that retrieves data from the "employees" table in descending order of salaries. The query would be:

```SELECT Name, Salary FROM employees ORDER BY Salary DESC;
```

Code Explanation

The ORDER BY clause in SQL is used to sort the result set in ascending or descending order. In this query, the SELECT statement retrieves the "Name" and "Salary" columns from the "employees" table. The ORDER BY clause sorts the result set in descending order of "Salary", i.e., from the highest to the lowest.

Problem 3: SQL Join

The SQL Join problem requires us to join two or more tables based on a common column. Consider the following two tables called "orders" and "customers":

```orders table
-------------
| ID | Amount |
---------------
| 101|  500   |
| 102|  1000  |
| 103|  1500  |

customers table
----------------
| ID |  Name   |
-----------------
|  1 |  Alice  |
|  2 |  Bob    |
|  3 |  Charlie|
|  4 |  David  |
```

We need to write an SQL query to join these two tables based on the common "ID" column and retrieve the "Name" and "Amount" columns. The query would be:

```SELECT customers.Name, orders.Amount
FROM customers
INNER JOIN orders
ON customers.ID = orders.ID;
```

Code Explanation

The JOIN clause in SQL is used to combine rows from two or more tables based on a related column between them. In this query, the SELECT statement retrieves the "Name" column from the "customers" table and the "Amount" column from the "orders" table. The INNER JOIN clause joins the rows of both tables based on the "ID" column, which is common in both tables.

Conclusion

SQL is a powerful tool that helps developers to manipulate data in a database. In this article, we provided solutions to some of the most popular SQL problems on Coderbyte. We also explained the concepts used in each problem with code examples. As a coder, mastering SQL will help you to work with databases more efficiently and solve complex data-related problems.

Surely, let's dive deeper into the topics we have covered in the previous article.

Problem 1: SQL Distinct

The DISTINCT keyword in SQL eliminates duplicate records and retrieves only the unique values. In the query example we provided, we used the SELECT statement to retrieve only the distinct "Age" values from the "students" table.

One thing to note here is that DISTINCT looks at all the columns selected and eliminates duplicates based on those columns. If we were to modify the query to include another column, say "Gender," like this:

```SELECT DISTINCT Age, Gender FROM students;
```

This would retrieve only the unique age and gender combinations from the students table. So, if we have two students with an age of 20, but one is male and the other is female, the query would return both rows, as there is a unique combination of age and gender in each row.

Problem 2: SQL Order By

The ORDER BY clause is used in SQL to sort the result set either in ascending or descending order based on a column. In our example, we used the "Salary" column to sort the table in descending order. However, we could modify the query to sort in ascending order like this:

```SELECT Name, Salary FROM employees ORDER BY Salary ASC;
```

Here, we used the keyword ASC to sort in ascending order. We can also use multiple columns to sort the result set. For example, if we want to sort first by salary and then by name, we can modify the query like this:

```SELECT Name, Salary FROM employees ORDER BY Salary DESC, Name ASC;
```

Here, the result set is ordered first by descending salary and then by ascending name.

Problem 3: SQL Join

The JOIN clause is used in SQL to combine two or more tables based on a related column. There are different types of JOINs, such as INNER JOIN, LEFT JOIN, RIGHT JOIN, and FULL OUTER JOIN.

In our example, we used the INNER JOIN clause to join the "customers" table to the "orders" table based on the common "ID" column. Inner Join returns only the rows with matching values in both tables.

If we used a LEFT JOIN instead, the query would return all rows from the "customers" table and the matching rows from the "orders" table. If there is no match in the "orders" table, the result set will still include the row from the "customers" table, with null values for the "Amount" column.

Here's an example of a LEFT JOIN query:

```SELECT customers.Name, orders.Amount
FROM customers
LEFT JOIN orders
ON customers.ID = orders.ID;
```

In conclusion, SQL is a powerful and essential tool for managing and manipulating data in databases. By mastering it, developers can perform complex data operations more efficiently. Coderbyte provides good SQL challenges to practice various problems related to SQL, and in this article, we have provided code examples and explanations to help you get started.

## Popular questions

Sure, here are five questions with answers related to Coderbyte SQL solutions and code examples.

1. What is SQL, and how is it used by developers?

SQL (Structured Query Language) is a programming language and is widely used to manage and manipulate relational databases. Developers use SQL to create, modify, and delete data, create and modify database schemas, and analyze data.

1. What is the purpose of the DISTINCT keyword in SQL?

The DISTINCT keyword in SQL is used to eliminate duplicate records from the result set. It ensures that only unique values are returned.

1. What is the difference between INNER JOIN and LEFT JOIN in SQL?

INNER JOIN returns only the rows with matching values in both tables, whereas LEFT JOIN returns all the rows from the left table and the matching rows from the right table. If there is no match in the right table, the result set includes null values.

1. How can we sort the result set in SQL?

We can use the ORDER BY clause in SQL to sort the result set in ascending or descending order based on one or more columns.

1. Can we use multiple columns in the ORDER BY clause in SQL?

Yes, we can use multiple columns to sort the result set in SQL. For example, we can sort first by salary and then by name, and so on.

I hope that helps!

### Tag

SQLibrary

##### Deeksha Dev
Have an amazing zeal to explore, try and learn everything that comes in way. Plan to do something big one day! TECHNICAL skills Languages - Core Java, spring, spring boot, jsf, javascript, jquery Platforms - Windows XP/7/8 , Netbeams , Xilinx's simulator Other - Basic’s of PCB wizard
Posts created 3116

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