css custom scrollbar with code examples

A scrollbar is an element that appears on the right side of a web page or window, which enables users to scroll through lengthy content that extends beyond the screen's visible viewport. By default, all web browsers come with their own default scrollbar styles. However, these styles might not match the theme or design elements of your website. That's where customizing your scrollbar comes in. Through CSS, you can modify the appearance of your browser's scrollbar and give it an entirely different look. This article will provide you with an in-depth guide on how to create custom scrollbars with CSS, with code examples you can tweak to suit your specific needs.

Creating a Basic Custom Scrollbar

Before we dive into more complex scrollbars, let's start with a basic example of how to custom style your browser's default scrollbar. The first step in creating your scrollbar is to select the specific element you want to customize. For instance, you can customize the scrollbar for your entire webpage, or you can customize it for a particular element like a div element. Once you've picked the element, here's how you can start customizing:

/* select the element you want to customize */
body {
  /* hide the browser's default scrollbar */
  scrollbar-width: none;
  /* set the width of the custom scrollbar */
  width: 10px; 
}
 
/* create a scrollbar track */
body::-webkit-scrollbar-track {
  background-color: #f1f1f1; 
}
 
/* create a scrollbar thumb */
body::-webkit-scrollbar-thumb {
  background-color: #888; 
}

In the code above, we're starting with the body element. To hide the default scrollbar, we're using scrollbar-width: none. Then we're setting the width of our custom scrollbar to 10px. We're using the -webkit- prefix to target Webkit browsers such as Safari and Google Chrome. To create a scrollbar track, we're using ::-webkit-scrollbar-track, and we're setting its background color to #f1f1f1. We're using the ::-webkit-scrollbar-thumb selector to create a scrollbar thumb and giving it a background color of #888.

You can replace the default styles with your own, or simply adjust these few properties to create a custom scrollbar that fits your design.

Creating a Rounded Custom Scrollbar

The previous example created a simple linear scrollbar. But what if you want to create a rounded scrollbar that matches your website's design? Here's how you can do this with CSS.

/* select the element that you want to customize */
body {
  /* hide the browser's default scrollbar */
  scrollbar-width: none;
  /* set the width of the scrollbar */
  scrollbar-width: thin;
  /* create rounded corners for the custom scrollbar */
  scrollbar-radius: 20px;
  width: 10px;
}
 
/* create a scrollbar track */
body::-webkit-scrollbar-track {
  background-color: #f1f1f1; 
  border-radius: 20px;
}
 
/* create a scrollbar thumb */
body::-webkit-scrollbar-thumb {
  background-color: #888;
  border-radius: 20px; 
}

In the code above, we've added the scrollbar-radius: 20px property to give the scrollbar rounded corners. We've also set the scrollbar-width property to thin to keep the scrollbar width consistent across various web browsers. We've also added another border-radius: 20px property to the track and thumb selectors to match the rounded corners. You can replace 20px with a value that matches your website's design.

Creating a With-Colored Custom Scrollbar

Another aspect of customizing your website's scrollbar is to color it to match your website's color scheme. Here's an example of how to create a colored scrollbar with CSS:

/* select the element that you want to customize */
body {
  /* hide the browser's default scrollbar */
  scrollbar-width: none;
  /* set the width of the scrollbar */
  scrollbar-width: 10px;
  width: 10px;
}
 
/* create a styled scrollbar track */
body::-webkit-scrollbar-track {
    border-radius: 10px;
    background-color: #fff;
}

/* create a styled scrollbar thumb */
body::-webkit-scrollbar-thumb {
    background-color: #ddd;
    border-radius: 10px;
} 

In this example, we've changed the background color of the scrollbar track to white, and the background color of the scrollbar thumb to #ddd. You can change these colors to match your website's color scheme.

Creating a Custom Scrollbar with Mouse Hover Effects

Adding mouse hover effects to your custom scrollbar can enhance the user experience on your website. Here's how to do this with CSS:

/* select the element that you want to customize */
body {
  /* hide the browser's default scrollbar */
  scrollbar-width: none;
  /* set the width of the scrollbar */
  scrollbar-width: 10px;
  width: 10px;
}

/* create a blue scrollbar thumb */
body::-webkit-scrollbar-thumb {
    background-color: #0081E0;
    border-radius: 10px;
}

/* create an orange scrollbar thumb on hover */
body::-webkit-scrollbar-thumb:hover {
    background-color: #F9700F;
    border-radius: 10px;
} 

In this example, we've added a mouse hover effect to the scrollbar thumb, turning it orange when the user hovers over it. You can change #F9700F to your desired color.

Conclusion

Customizing your scrollbar with CSS can create a more visually appealing website, making it easy to add unique design elements to your page. With the examples in this article, you have a solid foundation to create your own custom scrollbar styles using CSS. As always, feel free to experiment with different styles and properties to find what works best for your website.

let's dive deeper into each of the previous topics and provide more information on how you can create custom scrollbars with CSS, along with code examples.

Creating a Basic Custom Scrollbar

In the first example, we looked at how to create a basic custom scrollbar using CSS. To reiterate, the first step in creating your scrollbar is to select the specific element you want to customize. Once you've picked the element, you can start customizing its scrollbar by using the CSS properties that apply to the scrollbar.

In our example, we selected the body element and set the scrollbar-width property to none to hide the default scrollbar that comes with the browser. We then set the width of our custom scrollbar to 10px using the width property. We also used the -webkit- prefix to target Webkit browsers such as Safari and Google Chrome, which is recommended if you want to style a scrollbar that's consistent across multiple browsers.

Next, we created a scrollbar track using ::-webkit-scrollbar-track and set its background color to #f1f1f1. Lastly, we created a scrollbar thumb using ::-webkit-scrollbar-thumb and set its background color to #888. You can modify these properties to create a custom scrollbar that fits your design.

Creating a Rounded Custom Scrollbar

In the second example, we looked at how to create a rounded custom scrollbar using CSS. This technique involves adding the scrollbar-radius property to give the scrollbar rounded corners.

In our example, we added scrollbar-radius: 20px to create rounded corners for our custom scrollbar. We also added scrollbar-width: thin to ensure that the scrollbar width is consistent across various web browsers. Additionally, we added another border-radius: 20px property to the track and thumb selectors to match the rounded corners. You can replace the values for these properties to match your website's design.

Creating a With-Colored Custom Scrollbar

In the third example, we looked at how to create a custom scrollbar with a specific color scheme using CSS. In this example, we modified the background color of the scrollbar track and thumb to match the color scheme of the website.

In our example, we changed the background color of the scrollbar track to white (background-color: #fff;) and the background color of the scrollbar thumb to #ddd. You can modify these properties to match your website's color scheme.

Creating a Custom Scrollbar with Mouse Hover Effects

In the fourth example, we looked at how to add mouse hover effects to a custom scrollbar using CSS. This technique involved adding a hover selector to the scrollbar thumb to change its background color when the user hovers over it with the mouse.

In our example, we created a blue scrollbar thumb (background-color: #0081E0;) and added a hover selector for the scrollbar thumb to turn it orange (background-color: #F9700F;) when the user hovers over it with the mouse. This effect can add interactivity to your website and enhance the user experience.

Final thoughts

Customizing your scrollbar with CSS can help you achieve a more consistent look and feel across different pages in your website. It can also enhance the user experience by adding interactivity and design elements that match your website's theme. With the examples provided in this article, you now have the tools to create custom scrollbars that fit your design and style preferences. Remember to always test your custom scrollbar across different browsers to ensure its consistency across different platforms.

Popular questions

  1. What is a scrollbar and why might I want to customize it with CSS?

A scrollbar is an element that appears on the right side of a web page or window, which allows users to scroll through lengthy content that extends beyond the screen's visible viewport. You might want to customize it with CSS to better match the theme or design elements of your website. Customizing your scrollbar can create a more visually appealing website and make it easy to add unique design elements to your page.

  1. What are some CSS properties that apply to custom scrollbars?

Some CSS properties that apply to custom scrollbars include scrollbar-width, scrollbar-radius, background-color, border-radius, and ::-webkit-scrollbar-thumb. These properties allow you to modify the appearance of the scrollbar, including the width, shape, color, and border radius.

  1. How do I create a basic custom scrollbar with CSS?

To create a basic custom scrollbar with CSS, you can start by selecting the element you want to customize and hiding the default scrollbar that comes with the browser using the scrollbar-width property. Then, you can set the width of your custom scrollbar using the width property, and create a scrollbar track and thumb using the ::-webkit-scrollbar-track and ::-webkit-scrollbar-thumb selectors, respectively. You can modify these properties to create a custom scrollbar that fits your design.

  1. How can I add mouse hover effects to my custom scrollbar with CSS?

To add mouse hover effects to your custom scrollbar with CSS, you can add a hover selector to the scrollbar thumb using the :hover pseudo-class. Then, you can modify the properties of the scrollbar thumb, such as its background color, to change when the user hovers over it with the mouse. This effect can add interactivity to your website and enhance the user experience.

  1. Why is it important to test my custom scrollbar across different browsers?

It is important to test your custom scrollbar across different browsers to ensure its consistency across different platforms. Different browsers may interpret CSS properties differently, which can lead to inconsistencies in the appearance of your custom scrollbar. By testing it across different browsers, you can identify any issues and make adjustments to ensure a consistent user experience for all visitors to your website.

Tag

Stylizedscrollbar

Throughout my career, I have held positions ranging from Associate Software Engineer to Principal Engineer and have excelled in high-pressure environments. My passion and enthusiasm for my work drive me to get things done efficiently and effectively. I have a balanced mindset towards software development and testing, with a focus on design and underlying technologies. My experience in software development spans all aspects, including requirements gathering, design, coding, testing, and infrastructure. I specialize in developing distributed systems, web services, high-volume web applications, and ensuring scalability and availability using Amazon Web Services (EC2, ELBs, autoscaling, SimpleDB, SNS, SQS). Currently, I am focused on honing my skills in algorithms, data structures, and fast prototyping to develop and implement proof of concepts. Additionally, I possess good knowledge of analytics and have experience in implementing SiteCatalyst. As an open-source contributor, I am dedicated to contributing to the community and staying up-to-date with the latest technologies and industry trends.
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