Discover how to configure your Spring Boot application with MySQL and gain must-see code examples

Table of content

  1. Introduction
  2. Why Spring Boot and MySQL?
  3. Setting up a Spring Boot Project with MySQL
  4. Creating a MySQL Database
  5. Configuring Spring Boot to connect to MySQL
  6. Performing CRUD Operations using MySQL and Spring Boot
  7. Code examples
  8. Conclusion


Spring Boot is a popular framework for building and deploying enterprise applications. It provides a streamlined development experience and simplifies the configuration of various data sources, including MySQL. With MySQL, you can store and query data with ease, making it an excellent choice for many use cases.

In this article, we will explore how to configure your Spring Boot application with MySQL. We'll walk through the necessary steps to set up your database, and we'll provide some code examples that you can use to get started with your own application. By the end of this article, you'll have a solid understanding of how to integrate MySQL with your Spring Boot project, allowing you to build powerful and scalable applications with ease. So, let's get started and discover how to configure your Spring Boot application with MySQL!

Why Spring Boot and MySQL?

Spring Boot and MySQL are two of the most powerful tools available to developers today. Spring Boot is a popular framework for building web applications in Java, while MySQL is a widely used open-source relational database management system. Together, they provide a powerful toolset for building high-performance and scalable web applications.

One of the main reasons why Spring Boot and MySQL are so popular among developers is their ease of use. Both tools are designed to be intuitive and user-friendly, allowing developers to quickly and easily build robust web applications without having to worry about the underlying technical details. With Spring Boot, for example, developers can create web applications with minimal boilerplate code, and MySQL provides an easy-to-use SQL interface for querying, updating, and managing data within the database.

Another key advantage of using Spring Boot and MySQL together is their flexibility. Because both tools are open-source and highly customizable, developers have a great deal of control over how they are used and can easily adapt them to meet their specific needs. For example, Spring Boot provides a wide range of plugins, modules, and plugins that can be used to manage dependencies, handle concurrency, and perform other advanced tasks, while MySQL can be easily configured to support different datatypes, data storage formats, and security settings.

Overall, Spring Boot and MySQL are an excellent choice for developers who want to build high-performance, scalable web applications with minimal effort. Whether you are a beginner or an experienced developer, these tools provide a powerful toolset for creating robust, reliable web applications that can meet the needs of even the most demanding users. So why not give them a try today and see for yourself how they can help you take your development skills to the next level?

Setting up a Spring Boot Project with MySQL

To set up a Spring Boot project with MySQL, you will need to follow a few essential steps. Firstly, ensure that you have a MySQL server installed on your machine. Once you have completed this step, start by creating a new Spring Boot project in your preferred IDE.

After you have created your project, locate the file in your project's resources folder. This file is the central configuration file for your Spring Boot application.

In the file, set the required properties for your MySQL database connection. These properties include the URL, username, and password for your MySQL server. For instance, suppose you have created a database named "mydatabase" in MySQL. In that case, you may set the URL property as spring.datasource.url=jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/mydatabase.

Next, add the MySQL driver dependency to your project's pom.xml file. This dependency enables your Spring Boot application to communicate with the MySQL database. Add the following code block to your pom.xml file:


Finally, create a new database entity class in your Spring Boot project to map your database table. Use the @Entity annotation to define your entity class and the @Table annotation to specify the database table name. For example, suppose you have a table named "users" in your database. In that case, your entity class can look like this:

@Table(name = "users")
public class User {
    @GeneratedValue(strategy = GenerationType.AUTO)
    private Long id;
    private String name;
    private String email;

    // getters and setters

In summary, involves configuring the necessary properties in your file, adding the MySQL driver dependency to your pom.xml file, and creating a database entity class to map your database table. With these steps completed, you can go ahead and develop the rest of your Spring Boot application with MySQL.

Creating a MySQL Database

Before you can configure your Spring Boot application to work with MySQL, you need to create a database in MySQL. Here are the steps to create a MySQL database:

  1. Log in to your MySQL server using a client such as MySQL Workbench or the command line.

  2. Once you have logged in, create a new schema (database) using the following command:

    CREATE SCHEMA my_database;

    Replace my_database with the name you want to give your database.

  3. Next, create a user and password that your Spring Boot application can use to access the database. Use the following command:

    CREATE USER 'my_user'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'my_password';

    Replace my_user and my_password with the username and password you want to create.

  4. Grant the new user access to the database using the following command:

    GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON my_database.* TO 'my_user'@'localhost';

    Replace my_database, my_user, and localhost with the appropriate values.

  5. Finally, exit the MySQL client.

With the database created and user granted access, you can now configure your Spring Boot application to work with MySQL.

Configuring Spring Boot to connect to MySQL

To configure your Spring Boot application with MySQL, the first step is to add the MySQL dependency to your build.gradle or pom.xml file. You can do this by adding the following code snippet:

dependencies {

Next, you need to configure the database connection properties. This can be done in the file of your Spring Boot application. Here is an example:


In this example, we set the URL of the database to jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/mydb, which specifies the location of the MySQL server and the name of the database we want to connect to. We also set the username and password required to access the database.

Once you have configured your application to connect to MySQL, you can start using it in your code. You can create a repository interface using Spring Data JPA, and use it to query the database. Here is an example:

public interface UserRepository extends JpaRepository<User, Long> {

  List<User> findAll();

  User findByUsername(String username);


In this example, we define a repository interface called UserRepository. This interface extends the JpaRepository interface, which provides basic CRUD (Create, Read, Update, Delete) operations for our User entity. We also define a custom method called findByUsername, which returns a User object based on the username provided.

Overall, configuring your Spring Boot application to work with MySQL is a straightforward process that requires a few configuration steps. By following these steps, you can easily connect to a MySQL database and start querying it using Spring Data JPA.

Performing CRUD Operations using MySQL and Spring Boot

To perform CRUD operations in a Spring Boot application with MySQL, you first need to create a Java entity class that represents the MySQL table. This class should have the same fields as the table, along with getters and setters for each field. Once you have created this class, you can use Spring Data JPA to define a repository interface for the entity.

In the repository interface, you can define methods for CRUD operations, such as save(), findOne(), findAll(), delete(), and deleteAll(). These methods will be automatically implemented by Spring according to the naming conventions you use. For example, a method named findByFirstName(String firstName) will automatically generate a SQL query that finds all records with a matching first name.

To use the repository in your application, simply inject it into your Controller or Service using the @Autowired annotation. Then, you can call the methods on the repository to perform CRUD operations on the database.

For example, to create a new record in the database, you can call the save() method on the repository with a new instance of your entity class. To retrieve all records, you can call the findAll() method. To update a record, you can first retrieve it with a method like findOne() or findBy…, modify the fields, and then call the save() method again. To delete a record, simply call the delete() method with the record's ID.

Performing CRUD operations with MySQL and Spring Boot is straightforward and easy to implement. By defining a repository interface and injecting it into your Controller or Service, you can quickly and easily interact with a MySQL database using Spring Boot.

Code examples

To help you understand the process of configuring your Spring Boot application with MySQL, we have provided some must-see . These examples will guide you step-by-step on how to get started with MySQL and Spring Boot.

Example 1: Setting Up MySQL with Spring Boot

In this example, we will focus on setting up a MySQL database with Spring Boot.

First, we need to add the MySQL dependency in our pom.xml file.


Next, we need to add the configuration details in our file.


In the above code, we have specified the URL, username, password, and other database-related properties.

Now, we can create a MySQL table using Spring Boot's JPA with the following code:

@Table(name = "employee")
public class Employee {

    @GeneratedValue(strategy = GenerationType.IDENTITY)
    private Long id;

    @Column(name = "name")
    private String name;

    public Long getId() {
        return id;

    public void setId(Long id) { = id;

    public String getName() {
        return name;

    public void setName(String name) { = name;

Example 2: Retrieving Data with MySQL and Spring Boot

In this example, we will focus on retrieving data from a MySQL database using Spring Boot.

First, we need to create a repository interface that extends Spring Data JPA's CrudRepository.

public interface EmployeeRepository extends CrudRepository<Employee, Long> {

Next, we can retrieve data using this repository interface.

public class EmployeeService {
    EmployeeRepository employeeRepository;

    public Employee findById(Long id) {
        Optional<Employee> employee = employeeRepository.findById(id);
        if (employee.isPresent()) {
            return employee.get();
        } else {
            throw new RuntimeException("Employee not found!");

In the above code, we have used Spring Data JPA's findById() method to retrieve data from the database.

That's it! You can now configure your Spring Boot application with MySQL using these . Happy coding!


In , configuring your Spring Boot application to work with MySQL can be a straightforward process when you have the right knowledge and examples at your disposal. By following the steps laid out in this article, you can ensure that your application is properly configured to handle all MySQL-related tasks, from connecting to the database to handling CRUD operations. Additionally, the code examples provided can help you gain a deeper understanding of how to work with MySQL in Spring Boot, allowing you to build more complex and robust applications in the future.

Remember that understanding the basics of Spring Boot and MySQL is important before attempting to configure them together. Additionally, always be sure to test your application thoroughly before deploying it to ensure that everything is working as intended. With the knowledge and examples provided here, you are well on your way to building powerful and reliable Spring Boot applications with MySQL integration.

As a seasoned software engineer, I bring over 7 years of experience in designing, developing, and supporting Payment Technology, Enterprise Cloud applications, and Web technologies. My versatile skill set allows me to adapt quickly to new technologies and environments, ensuring that I meet client requirements with efficiency and precision. I am passionate about leveraging technology to create a positive impact on the world around us. I believe in exploring and implementing innovative solutions that can enhance user experiences and simplify complex systems. In my previous roles, I have gained expertise in various areas of software development, including application design, coding, testing, and deployment. I am skilled in various programming languages such as Java, Python, and JavaScript and have experience working with various databases such as MySQL, MongoDB, and Oracle.
Posts created 2594

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Related Posts

Begin typing your search term above and press enter to search. Press ESC to cancel.

Back To Top