Discover the Best Way to Iterate a Map in JavaScript with Real Code Examples.

Table of content

  1. Introduction
  2. Iterating with loop
  3. Using Array.from() method
  4. Iterating with Array.entries() method
  5. Using forEach() method
  6. Conclusion
  7. References


Iterating through a Map in JavaScript is an essential task for any developer. A Map is an object that holds a key and value pair, and there are various ways to iterate through its contents. In this article, we will explore the best ways to iterate through a Map object in JavaScript, with real code examples.

Iterating through a Map object is necessary, whether you want to access its keys or values, or you want to perform operations on each entry. There are three primary ways to iterate through a Map object in JavaScript: using the for-of loop, the forEach() method, and the entries() method. Each method has its benefits and drawbacks, and we will explore each in detail in subsequent sections.

In the following sections, we will take a closer look at each method, analyze their strengths and weaknesses, and provide real code examples to help you understand the best way to iterate through a Map object in JavaScript.

Iterating with loop

The loop is one of the most common ways to iterate over a map in JavaScript. It allows you to loop through each key in the map and access its corresponding value. The basic syntax of the loop is as follows:

for(let key in map) {
  // Do something with map[key]

In this code, key is a variable that takes on the value of each key in the map, one at a time. The loop executes once for each key in the map, and you can access the corresponding value by using the key to index into the map.

For example, if you had a map myMap with the keys "a", "b", and "c", you could iterate over it with a loop like this:

let myMap = {
  "a": 1,
  "b": 2,
  "c": 3

for(let key in myMap) {
  console.log(key + ": " + myMap[key]);

This would output:

a: 1
b: 2
c: 3

One thing to keep in mind when using the loop is that it doesn't guarantee that the keys will be returned in any particular order. If you need to iterate over the map in a specific order, you may need to use a different method such as the Map.forEach() or Array.from() functions. However, for most use cases, the loop is a simple and effective way to iterate over a map in JavaScript.

Using Array.from() method

The Array.from() method is a powerful tool for iterating over JavaScript maps. It is a method that creates a new array instance from an array-like or iterable object. Maps in JavaScript are iterable, meaning that they can be looped through using a for loop or the forEach() method. However, when you need to transform the data into a new format, such as an array of objects or an array of keys or values, Array.from() can quickly create a new array with the data you need.

The syntax of the Array.from() method is as follows:

Array.from(map, callback[, thisArg])
  • The map parameter is the map object that you want to iterate over.
  • The callback parameter is a function that is called for each element in the map. It accepts three arguments: the current element value, the current element key, and the map object itself.
  • The optional thisArg parameter is the value to use as this when executing the callback function.

Here is an example of using Array.from() to create a new array of object literals from a map object:

const myMap = new Map([
  ['apple', 1],
  ['banana', 2],
  ['orange', 3]

const newArray = Array.from(myMap, ([key, value]) => ({ name: key, count: value }));

// Output: [ { name: 'apple', count: 1 }, { name: 'banana', count: 2 }, { name: 'orange', count: 3 } ]

In this example, Array.from() creates a new array from the map object myMap. The callback function destructures the [key, value] pairs from the map object and returns a new object literal with a name and count property for each entry in the map. The resulting newArray contains an array of objects, each with a name and count property that correspond to the key-value pairs in the original map object.

Overall, Array.from() provides a flexible and efficient way to iterate over JavaScript maps and transform the data into a new object format. Its ease of use and flexibility make it a powerful tool in the JavaScript developer's arsenal.

Iterating with Array.entries() method

To iterate over a map in JavaScript, the Array.entries() method can be used. This method works by returning a new array that contains the key-value pairs of the map as 2-item arrays. These arrays can then be easily looped over using a for…of loop or forEach() method.

Here is a code example of how to use Array.entries() to iterate over a map:

let myMap = new Map([
  [1, 'one'],
  [2, 'two'],
  [3, 'three']

// Using for...of loop
for (let [key, value] of myMap.entries()) {
  console.log(key + ' = ' + value);

// Using forEach() method
myMap.forEach(function(value, key) {
  console.log(key + ' = ' + value);

In the first example, a for…of loop is used to iterate over the array returned by myMap.entries(). The loop assigns the key-value pairs to the variables key and value on each iteration and prints them to the console.

In the second example, the forEach() method is used on the map itself, taking a function as an argument that contains the same key-value pair variables. This function is called for each entry in the map and prints them to the console.

Note that when using these methods, the order in which the key-value pairs are returned is the same as the original order they were added to the map. This is because maps preserve their order in JavaScript.

Using forEach() method

The forEach() method is a popular way to iterate over a JavaScript map. It is a built-in method available on all map objects in JavaScript, and it is designed to simplify the process of iterating over a map. The forEach() method takes a callback function as an argument that is executed for each element in the map.

The syntax of using the forEach() method is as follows:

myMap.forEach((value, key) => {
    // Do something with key and value

As the code shows, you pass a callback function as an argument to the forEach() method that takes two parameters: value and key. For each key-value pair in the map, the callback function is executed. This makes it easy to access the key and value for each element in the map.

One thing to note is that forEach() does not return any value. It simply executes the callback function for each element in the map. If you need to create a modified map based on the original, you might want to use another method such as map() that returns an array of values.

Overall, using the forEach() method to iterate over a JavaScript map is a straightforward and efficient approach. With just a few lines of code, you can access each key-value pair in the map and perform operations on them.


In , iterating a map in JavaScript can be done in several ways, each with its pros and cons. For simple tasks, using a for…in loop or the map() method can be efficient and straightforward. However, for more complex tasks, such as filtering or transforming data, using methods such as forEach() or reduce() may be more appropriate.

It is essential to keep in mind that the choice of iteration method should depend on the task at hand and the data structure being used. Additionally, understanding the complexity of each approach can help in optimizing and improving the performance of the code.

In cases where performance is critical, it may be beneficial to explore alternative options such as using for loops or pre-computing values. Ultimately, choosing the best method to iterate a map will depend on the specific scenario and the goals that need to be achieved.


When working with JavaScript maps, it's important to know what methods are available for iteration. Here are a few resources to help you become familiar with different iteration methods:

In addition to these resources, don't forget to read the documentation for any libraries or frameworks you may be using. They may have their own specific methods for iterating over maps.

As always, practice is key to mastering any programming concept. Try experimenting with different iteration methods on your own and see how they behave. You can also try creating your own maps and iterating over them to further improve your understanding.

As a seasoned software engineer, I bring over 7 years of experience in designing, developing, and supporting Payment Technology, Enterprise Cloud applications, and Web technologies. My versatile skill set allows me to adapt quickly to new technologies and environments, ensuring that I meet client requirements with efficiency and precision. I am passionate about leveraging technology to create a positive impact on the world around us. I believe in exploring and implementing innovative solutions that can enhance user experiences and simplify complex systems. In my previous roles, I have gained expertise in various areas of software development, including application design, coding, testing, and deployment. I am skilled in various programming languages such as Java, Python, and JavaScript and have experience working with various databases such as MySQL, MongoDB, and Oracle.
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