Easy steps to install QT with practical coding examples that will boost your programming skills

Table of content

  1. Introduction
  2. Step 1: Downloading and Installing QT
  3. Step 2: Setting up a QT Project
  4. Step 3: Adding Widgets and Layouts
  5. Step 4: Connecting Signals and Slots
  6. Step 5: Creating Dialogs
  7. Bonus Step: Using QT Creator
  8. Conclusion



QT is a powerful tool for developing GUI applications. With its user-friendly interface and easy-to-learn coding language, it has become one of the most popular frameworks for developers of all skill levels. This article aims to provide you with easy steps to install QT and practical coding examples that will help you boost your programming skills.

Whether you are a beginner or an experienced programmer, QT offers a wide range of features that can help you create professional-quality applications. From simple user interfaces to complex data visualization tools, QT has something for everyone. In this article, we'll explore the basic steps you need to follow to install QT on your computer and demonstrate how to use it to create a simple GUI application.

So if you're ready to take your programming skills to the next level, let's get started!

Step 1: Downloading and Installing QT

Before you can start coding with QT, you will need to download and install it on your computer. Follow these easy steps to get started:

  1. Go to the QT website (qt.io) and click on the "Download" button.
  2. Select the appropriate version for your operating system (Windows, Mac, or Linux).
  3. Follow the installation instructions provided on the website. You may need to select additional components to install depending on your needs and preferences.

Once the installation is complete, you can open QT and start exploring its features and capabilities. QT is a powerful and versatile tool for building cross-platform applications, and it's widely used in industries such as automotive, aerospace, and medical devices. With QT, you can create visually stunning and user-friendly interfaces, as well as integrate various technologies such as artificial intelligence and machine learning. So let's dive in and start coding!

Step 2: Setting up a QT Project

Once you have installed QT, the next step is to set up a project. Follow these easy steps to get started:

  1. Open up QT Creator and go to the "File" tab.
  2. Click on "New File or Project".
  3. Choose "QT Console Application".
  4. Give your project a name and choose a location to save it.
  5. Click "Next".
  6. Choose a kit – this should already be set up from the previous step.
  7. Click "Next".
  8. Choose the class to use for your project – we recommend using "QCoreApplication".
  9. Click "Next".
  10. Click "Finish".

Congratulations! You have now set up a QT project. In the next step, we will begin coding.

Step 3: Adding Widgets and Layouts

Widgets are the basic building blocks of creating a graphical user interface (GUI) in QT. In this step, we will learn how to add various types of widgets to our QT project and how to organize them using layouts.

Adding Widgets

To add a widget to our project, we simply search for it in the widget box and drag it into the desired location on the interface. Some common types of widgets include push buttons, text boxes, labels, and sliders.

Let's say we want to add a button to our interface that prints "Hello World" when clicked. First, we drag a push button from the widget box onto our main window. Next, we double-click on the button to bring up the code editor. We then add the following line of code:


This code connects the "clicked" signal emitted by our push button to the printHello() function. We then define the function as follows:

def printHello(self):
    print("Hello World")

Now, when we run our program and click the button, "Hello World" should be printed to the console.

Adding Layouts

Layouts allow us to organize our widgets in a structured way on the interface. There are several types of layouts to choose from, including horizontal and vertical layouts, grid layouts, and form layouts.

For example, let's say we want to create a simple login interface with a username and password text box and a "Login" button. We could use a vertical layout to achieve this.

First, we drag a vertical layout onto our main window. We then add two text boxes and a push button to the layout by dragging them onto the layout container. Finally, we set the text of the button to "Login" and connect it to a login function using the same method we used for the printHello() function in the previous example.

Overall, adding widgets and layouts in QT is a straightforward process that enables us to create complex and functional interfaces with ease.

Step 4: Connecting Signals and Slots

In Qt, signals and slots are used to communicate between different parts of a program. A signal is an event that is emitted when something happens, such as when a button is clicked. A slot is a function that is called in response to a signal. Connecting signals and slots allows you to create dynamic and interactive applications.

To connect a signal to a slot, you first need to create the slot function. For example, if you have a button that you want to connect to a slot function called on_button_clicked, you would create the function like this:

void MainWindow::on_button_clicked()
   // Do something when the button is clicked

Next, you would connect the button's clicked signal to the on_button_clicked slot function using the connect function. Here's an example:

connect(ui->pushButton, SIGNAL(clicked()), this, SLOT(on_button_clicked()));

In this example, ui->pushButton is the button that you want to connect, clicked() is the signal that the button emits when it is clicked, this is the object that the slot function belongs to (in this case, the main window), and on_button_clicked() is the name of the slot function.

Once you have connected the signal to the slot, the on_button_clicked function will be called whenever the button is clicked. You can add code to the function to perform any actions that you want in response to the button click.

Connecting signals and slots is a powerful feature of Qt that allows you to create complex and dynamic user interfaces. By using signals and slots, you can create applications that respond to user input in real time and provide a more engaging user experience.

Step 5: Creating Dialogs

Dialogs are an essential part of any graphical user interface. They provide users with a means to input data, make choices, and receive feedback. Creating dialogs in QT is a straightforward process that begins with the creation of a new form.

  1. To create a new form, select "New File" from the "File" menu in QT Creator.
  2. Choose "QT Designer Form" to create a new dialog form.
  3. Choose a name for the form and select "Dialog" as the form type.
  4. QT Designer opens a new dialog form that can be edited and customized as per your requirements.
  5. You can add widgets, labels, buttons, and other UI elements to the form with the help of the "Widget Box" on the left side of the screen.

Once you have created the form and added the desired elements, you can implement the behavior of dialog elements using C++ code. You can connect elements like buttons to custom slots that handle events, as shown below:

connect(ui->buttonOK, SIGNAL(clicked()), this, SLOT(onButtonOKClicked()));
void MyDialog::onButtonOKClicked()
    // Handle button click event here

This code connects the "clicked" signal of the "buttonOK" widget to a custom slot named "onButtonOKClicked." This slot can be implemented to execute any desired behavior when the button is clicked.

Using this methodology, you can implement all kinds of custom dialogs to meet your software's specific needs. QT provides many pre-built dialog boxes like message boxes, progress dialogs, and input dialogs, which can save you time and effort. By learning how to create custom dialogs, your programming skills can take a giant leap forward.

Bonus Step: Using QT Creator

QT Creator is a powerful integrated development environment (IDE) for developing applications with QT. It has an intuitive interface, making it easy to use for beginners and experienced developers alike. Here are some steps to get started with using QT Creator:

  1. Open QT Creator and create a new project.
  2. Choose the type of application you want to create, such as a console application, widget application, or graphics view application.
  3. Choose a template for your application, such as a blank project or pre-configured examples.
  4. Customize your project settings, such as the build system, target platform, and compiler.
  5. Start coding your application using the built-in code editor, debugger, and designer tools.

One of the benefits of using QT Creator is its ability to provide instant feedback on your code changes. You can make changes to your code and see the results in real-time using the built-in debugger and preview tools. This speeds up development time and helps you to catch errors early on in the process.

Overall, using QT Creator with QT makes application development much easier and faster. With its powerful development tools and intuitive interface, it's a great option for developers of all skill levels.


In , learning how to install and use QT can greatly enhance your programming skills and allow you to create more complex and dynamic applications. By following the easy steps outlined in this article and experimenting with the coding examples provided, you can gain a deeper understanding of how to use this versatile tool to create beautiful and functional graphical user interfaces. Whether you are a beginner or a seasoned programmer, learning how to use QT is a valuable skill that will serve you well in your future projects. So take the time to explore its many features and start creating your own custom applications today!

As a developer, I have experience in full-stack web application development, and I'm passionate about utilizing innovative design strategies and cutting-edge technologies to develop distributed web applications and services. My areas of interest extend to IoT, Blockchain, Cloud, and Virtualization technologies, and I have a proficiency in building efficient Cloud Native Big Data applications. Throughout my academic projects and industry experiences, I have worked with various programming languages such as Go, Python, Ruby, and Elixir/Erlang. My diverse skillset allows me to approach problems from different angles and implement effective solutions. Above all, I value the opportunity to learn and grow in a dynamic environment. I believe that the eagerness to learn is crucial in developing oneself, and I strive to work with the best in order to bring out the best in myself.
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