find and submit lightning record edit form lwc with code examples

Lightning Web Components (LWC) have gained popularity amongst the developers due to their re-usability, flexibility, and efficiency. They allow developers to build reusable components that can be easily integrated into other applications. In this article, we will discuss how to find and submit a Lightning Record Edit Form LWC with code examples.

What is the Lightning Record Edit Form LWC?

The Lightning Record Edit Form is a pre-built Lightning Web Component that enables users to create, read, update, and delete records in Salesforce. It is essentially a wrapper around the Lightning Data Service, which enables you to quickly create forms to modify or create records. The Lightning Record Edit Form LWC provides you with a standard user interface for editing, creating, and deleting records.

How to Find the Lightning Record Edit Form LWC in Salesforce?

You can find the Lightning Record Edit Form LWC in the Salesforce Platform. To find it, follow the below steps:

  1. Click on the 'Setup' button in the top right corner of Salesforce.
  2. Click on 'Objects and Fields'
  3. Select the Object on which you want to create a Lightning Record Edit Form.
  4. Click on 'Lightning Record Pages' and then on 'New'.
  5. Choose 'Record Page' and give it a name.
  6. Drag the 'Lightning Record Edit Form' component on the page layout.
  7. Save the changes and activate the page layout.

Once you have created the Lightning Record Edit Form, you can start using it to create, edit, view, or delete records.

How to Submit the Lightning Record Edit Form LWC with Code Examples?

To submit a form with the Lightning Record Edit Form LWC, you will need to add some code to your LWC. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to submit the form:

  1. Create a new LWC, or use an existing one.
  2. Create a new JavaScript file and import the Lightning Record Edit Form from the Lightning Web Component Module.
import { LightningElement } from "lwc";
import { createRecord } from "lightning/uiRecordApi";
import { ShowToastEvent } from "lightning/platformShowToastEvent";

export default class MyLwc extends LightningElement {
    objectApiName = "Contact";
}
  1. In the above code, we have imported createRecord and ShowToastEvent from the Lightning UI API.
  2. Next, create a method that will be used to submit the form. Start by creating a new contact record and linking it to your object API Name.
  3.    handleSubmit(event) {
      event.preventDefault();    
      const fields = event.detail.fields;
      const recordInput = { apiName: this.objectApiName, fields };
      createRecord(recordInput)
          .then(() => {
              this.dispatchEvent(
                  new ShowToastEvent({
                      title: "Success",
                      message: "Record created",
                      variant: "success"
                  })
              );
              this.fields = {};
          })
          .catch(error => {
              this.dispatchEvent(
                  new ShowToastEvent({
                      title: "Error creating record",
                      message: error.body.message,
                      variant: "error"
                  })
              );
          });
       }
    
6.	In the above code, we have created a method named handleSubmit that will be executed when the form is submitted.
7.	The event.preventDefault(); line is used to prevent the default page-refresh that happens when a form is submitted.
8.	The event.detail.fields object is used to capture the values from the form input fields.
9.	Next, we create a new variable named recordInput which has two properties  apiName and fields. The objects apiName property is set to the previously defined objectApiName value.
10.	The createRecord(recordInput) method is used to create a new record with the field details passed in Event Detail fields.
11.	If the record creation is successful, the system dispatches a ShowToastEvent with Success title and message.
12.	If the record creation fails, the system dispatches a ShowToastEvent with the error message text.
13.	Finally, add the onSubmit event listener on the HTML template.
Submit “`
14. Here, we’ve added various input fields including a ‘FirstName’, ‘LastName’, and ‘Email’ fields.
15. We’ve added a ‘lightning-button’ component with the ‘type’ attribute as ‘submit’ and the ‘variant’ attribute as ‘brand’ to submit the form.
16. On clicking the ‘Submit’ button, the ‘handleSubmit’ method will be invoked.
17. Once the form is submitted, the changes will be saved to Salesforce and the Toast message will be shown to the User.

Conclusion

In this article, we've provided an overview of the Lightning Record Edit Form LWC, and how to find and submit it with code examples. The ability to quickly create forms for creating, editing, and deleting Salesforce records makes the Lightning Record Edit Form LWC a crucial tool in modern-day Salesforce development. With the above code snippets and instructions, you can easily create your own customized forms as per your specific needs. So, start exploring the Lightning Record Edit Form LWC and build efficient solutions for your Salesforce org.

let's dive a little deeper into the Lightning Record Edit Form LWC and the code snippets we provided.

The Lightning Record Edit Form is a powerful tool in Salesforce as it allows you to create, edit, view, and delete records in an efficient manner. By using the form, developers can easily manipulate records with minimal code. This makes it an ideal tool for building custom user interfaces throughout Salesforce.

In our code example, we first identified our object API Name – in this case, we used 'Contact' as an example. By setting the 'objectApiName' property, we linked the form to the specific object we wanted to manipulate.

Next, we created a method named 'handleSubmit' to handle the submission of the form. By using the 'event.preventDefault();' line, we interrupted any default processes that would normally occur when submitting a form. We then created an object named 'recordInput' that held the API name and field values for the new record that was going to be created. We then called the 'createRecord(recordInput)' method to create the new record. This method will return a promise, which will either be resolved if successful and rejected if an error occurred during the record creation.

If the record creation is successful, we then dispatch a 'ShowToastEvent' which is used to display a success toast notification to the User. This notification is displayed under the ‘Success’ title and message. In contrast, if the record creation fails, we also dispatch a 'ShowToastEvent' but with an error message. In this notification, we display the error message text as the notification message.

Finally, in our HTML template, we add an onSubmit event listener to the form, which then invokes the 'handleSubmit' method when the Submit button is clicked. Following this, our code completes the record creation process.

In conclusion, the Lightning Record Edit Form LWC allows developers to create custom forms that can manage records with minimal code, ultimately saving time and effort. The form is highly configurable and can be customized based on specific business requirements. By using code examples like the one we've provided, developers can quickly get up and running with the form and build custom solutions that integrate seamlessly with Salesforce.

Popular questions

  1. What is the Lightning Record Edit Form LWC?
    A: The Lightning Record Edit Form is a pre-built Lightning Web Component that enables users to create, read, update, and delete records in Salesforce. It is essentially a wrapper around the Lightning Data Service, which enables you to quickly create forms to modify or create records.

  2. How can the Lightning Record Edit Form LWC be found in Salesforce?
    A: The Lightning Record Edit Form LWC can be found by going to Salesforce Setup, selecting the Object on which the form should be created, clicking on 'Lightning Record Pages,' and then on 'New.' Next, select 'Record Page' and drag and drop the 'Lightning Record Edit Form' component to the page layout.

  3. What is the purpose of the 'handleSubmit' method in code examples related to the Lightning Record Edit Form LWC?
    A: The 'handleSubmit' method in code examples related to the Lightning Record Edit Form LWC is used to handle the submission of the form and create a new record with the field values provided.

  4. What is the 'apiName' property used for in the 'recordInput' object in code examples related to the Lightning Record Edit Form LWC?
    A: The 'apiName' property in the 'recordInput' object in code examples related to the Lightning Record Edit Form LWC is used to link and specify the object to which the record will be created.

  5. What is the purpose of the 'ShowToastEvent' in code examples related to the Lightning Record Edit Form LWC?
    A: The 'ShowToastEvent' in code examples related to the Lightning Record Edit Form LWC is used to display a notification message to the User after the record creation process is complete. It will display either a success or error message based on whether the record was successfully created or not.

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As a seasoned software engineer, I bring over 7 years of experience in designing, developing, and supporting Payment Technology, Enterprise Cloud applications, and Web technologies. My versatile skill set allows me to adapt quickly to new technologies and environments, ensuring that I meet client requirements with efficiency and precision. I am passionate about leveraging technology to create a positive impact on the world around us. I believe in exploring and implementing innovative solutions that can enhance user experiences and simplify complex systems. In my previous roles, I have gained expertise in various areas of software development, including application design, coding, testing, and deployment. I am skilled in various programming languages such as Java, Python, and JavaScript and have experience working with various databases such as MySQL, MongoDB, and Oracle.
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