Python provides several methods to input multiple integers in a single line. In this article, we will discuss some of the most commonly used methods to input n space-separated integers in Python.

Method 1: Using the split() function

The split() function is a built-in function in Python that can be used to split a string into a list of substrings. We can use this function to split the input string into a list of integers. The following code snippet demonstrates this method:

```
n = int(input("Enter the number of integers: "))
numbers = input("Enter the numbers separated by spaces: ")
numbers = numbers.split()
numbers = [int(x) for x in numbers]
print(numbers)
```

In this example, we first take the input for the number of integers and store it in the variable 'n'. Next, we take the input for the numbers separated by spaces and store it in the variable 'numbers'. We then use the split() function to split the string into a list of substrings. Finally, we use a list comprehension to convert each element of the list into an integer.

Method 2: Using the map() function

The map() function is a built-in function in Python that can be used to apply a function to all the elements of an iterable. We can use this function to convert the input string into a list of integers. The following code snippet demonstrates this method:

```
n = int(input("Enter the number of integers: "))
numbers = input("Enter the numbers separated by spaces: ")
numbers = list(map(int, numbers.split()))
print(numbers)
```

In this example, we first take the input for the number of integers and store it in the variable 'n'. Next, we take the input for the numbers separated by spaces and store it in the variable 'numbers'. We then use the split() function to split the string into a list of substrings. Finally, we use the map() function to convert each element of the list into an integer.

Method 3: Using the list comprehension

We can also use list comprehension to convert the input string into a list of integers. The following code snippet demonstrates this method:

```
n = int(input("Enter the number of integers: "))
numbers = input("Enter the numbers separated by spaces: ")
numbers = [int(x) for x in numbers.split()]
print(numbers)
```

This example is similar to the first one, but instead of using map() function, we are using list comprehension to convert each element of the list into an integer.

Method 4: Using the "*" operator with zip

Another way to input multiple integers in a single line is by using the "*" operator with the zip function. This method is useful when you want to input multiple integers in a single line and unpack them into separate variables. The following code snippet demonstrates this method:

```
n = int(input("Enter the number of integers: "))
numbers = [int(x) for x in input("Enter the numbers separated by spaces: ").split()]
a, b, c, *rest = numbers
print(a, b, c, rest)
```

In this example, we first take the input for the number of integers and store it in the variable 'n'. Next, we take the input for the numbers separated by spaces and store it in the variable

Method 5: Using the input().split() method

An even simpler way of inputting multiple integers in a single line is by using the input().split() method. This method directly converts the input string into a list of integers. The following code snippet demonstrates this method:

```
n = int(input("Enter the number of integers: "))
numbers = list(map(int, input().split()))
print(numbers)
```

In this example, we first take the input for the number of integers and store it in the variable 'n'. Next, we take the input for the numbers separated by spaces and use the input().split() method to directly convert the input string into a list of integers.

Method 6: Using the numpy library

The numpy library in Python provides a useful method called "fromstring" which can be used to input multiple integers in a single line. The fromstring method takes a string of numbers separated by whitespaces and converts it into a numpy array. The following code snippet demonstrates this method:

```
import numpy as np
n = int(input("Enter the number of integers: "))
numbers = np.fromstring(input(), dtype=int, sep=' ')
print(numbers)
```

In this example, we first take the input for the number of integers and store it in the variable 'n'. Next, we take the input for the numbers separated by spaces and use the numpy.fromstring() method to convert the input string into a numpy array.

In conclusion, Python provides several methods to input multiple integers in a single line, including using the split() function, the map() function, list comprehension, the "*" operator with zip, input().split() method, and the numpy library. Each of these methods has its own advantages and use cases, and the choice of method will depend on the specific requirements of the problem you are trying to solve.

## Popular questions

Q: What is the purpose of the split() function in the first method of inputting multiple integers in a single line?

A: The split() function is used to split a string into a list of substrings. In the first method, it is used to split the input string of numbers separated by spaces into a list of individual numbers.

Q: What is the purpose of the map() function in the second method of inputting multiple integers in a single line?

A: The map() function is used to apply a function to all the elements of an iterable. In the second method, it is used to convert each element of the list of individual numbers into an integer.

Q: How does the third method of inputting multiple integers in a single line differ from the first method?

A: The third method is similar to the first method, but instead of using the map() function to convert each element of the list into an integer, it uses list comprehension.

Q: What is the purpose of the "*" operator in the fourth method of inputting multiple integers in a single line?
A: The "*" operator is used to unpack the input into separate variables. In the fourth method, it is used to unpack the input numbers into separate variables, allowing for easy access to individual numbers.

Q: What is the purpose of the numpy library in the sixth method of inputting multiple integers in a single line?

A: The numpy library provides a useful method called "fromstring" which is used to convert a string of numbers separated by whitespaces into a numpy array. In the sixth method, it is used to convert the input string of numbers into a numpy array, allowing for easy manipulation of the numbers using numpy's array operations.

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