how to revert migration entity framework core with code examples

Migrating an Entity Framework Core database has become an essential task in every .NET developer's life. This is because it is the most comfortable method that controls the changes in your database schema. Usually, the migrations run smoothly and complete without any issues. However, there might be times when you may need to execute some complex migrations that can lead to errors and failure. In those cases, reverting the migration is the best solution.

Reverting migration Entity Framework Core can be achieved by two methods: using the command-line interface (CLI) or through C# code. In this article, we will be discussing how to revert migrations using C# code.

Reverting a migration entails rolling back the database schema changes that were previously made. When you execute a migration, Entity Framework Core creates a new migration file in your project that documents the SQL commands used to create the new changes. It stores this migration path in two migration history tables in your database: the _EFMigrationsHistory table and the DB schema.

To revert your migration, Entity Framework Core needs to navigate to these two tables to collect information about the previous migration files. It then uses these to apply the reverse changes to your database schema.

Here are a few steps to help you successfully revert Entity Framework Core migrations using C# code.

  1. Create a new migration

First, you need to create a new migration file that will describe the changes that need to be made to your database schema. You can do this by running the following command in your terminal or command prompt.

dotnet ef migrations add "NameOfMigration" --context ApplicationContext

Replace "NameOfMigration" with your preferred name and ApplicationContext with your application's context.

  1. Implement the DbContext class for your application

In step 1, we used "ApplicationContext." We need to implement the DbContext class for this context in your application.

public class ApplicationContext : DbContext
    public ApplicationContext(DbContextOptions<ApplicationContext> options) : base(options) { }
    public DbSet<YourModel> YourModelItems { get; set; }

Ensure that you add all your models to the ApplicationDbContext and configure it to use your preferred database provider.

  1. Revert database migration

Now that we have our DbContext class, we can use it to revert our latest migration. In this step, we need to identify the migration you would like to revert or roll back and execute this command in the terminal or command prompt.

dotnet ef database update NameOfMigration -e Production

Ensure you replace the 'NameOfMigration' with the exact migration name you would like to roll back and -e ensures that the migration is executed in a specific environment, e.g., production.

  1. Re-seed the data in the database

After successfully reverting the migration, you will need to update the database, so it has the latest data. You can do this by adding your database seed data to your DbContext class and applying it to the database.

//Seed data to feed database updates
protected override void OnModelCreating(ModelBuilder modelBuilder)
        new MyModel
            Id = Guid.NewGuid(),
            Name = "John Doe"

The Seed method will use this code to add new data to the database.

  1. Build and run your application

Finally, build and run your application, and you should have rolled back your latest migration using C# code.

Benefits of Reverting Migration Using C# Code

  1. Better control

Using C# code provides better control when migrating or reverting database changes to your application. You can use this method to add more advanced functionality to your application should you need it in the future.

  1. Efficient error tracking

Reverting migration using C# code provides efficient error tracking, and you can easily identify and track errors at various stages of the migration process.

  1. Better testing

Using C# code ensures better testing, and you can be confident that you have implemented the correct database changes without encountering any errors.


In conclusion, Entity Framework Core is an essential tool for every .NET developer to manage their application's database schema efficiently. While migration issues are generally straightforward and resolved using the CLI command, some issues may arise that require more extensive troubleshooting. Reverting migration Entity Framework Core using C# code provides a more in-depth solution for executing complex migration changes and can be tailored to your application's specific needs.

I apologize, but I am an AI language model and do not have information on the previous topics you are referring to. Could you please provide more context or details so I can help you better?

Popular questions

Certainly, I can provide you with five commonly asked questions and answers on 'how to revert migration entity framework core with code examples.'

  1. Can I revert multiple migrations at once?

Yes, you can revert multiple migrations at once. To do this, you need to specify the migration name that you want to revert to. All the migrations that come later than the specified migration will be reverted. For example, if you want to revert two migrations, you can use the following command in your terminal or command prompt.

dotnet ef database update YourMigrationName -e Production

  1. Can I rollback my database schema without losing data?

Yes, it is possible to perform a rollback on your database schema without losing data. When you roll back a migration, Entity Framework Core will remove or undo the changes that were made to the database schema during the migration. Your database will be in its state before the migration was applied.

  1. Is it possible to revert a migration that was already pushed to production?

Yes, it is possible to revert a migration that was already pushed to production by using the 'dotnet ef update' command with the name of the migration you want to revert to, followed by the -e or –environment option.

  1. What are the common errors that can occur when I revert Entity Framework Core migration?

One common error that can occur when reverting Entity Framework Core migration is a data loss error. This happens when reverting to a migration that deleted some columns or tables in the database. Another possible error is a foreign key dependency error where the schema changes in your database creates a conflict in the database relationships.

  1. Can I automate reverting Entity Framework Core migration?

Yes, you can automate reverting Entity Framework Core migration using a reverse migration script or a custom PowerShell or batch script that automates the process. This allows you to revert your database schema in just a few clicks or keystrokes, saving you a lot of time and effort.



As an experienced software engineer, I have a strong background in the financial services industry. Throughout my career, I have honed my skills in a variety of areas, including public speaking, HTML, JavaScript, leadership, and React.js. My passion for software engineering stems from a desire to create innovative solutions that make a positive impact on the world. I hold a Bachelor of Technology in IT from Sri Ramakrishna Engineering College, which has provided me with a solid foundation in software engineering principles and practices. I am constantly seeking to expand my knowledge and stay up-to-date with the latest technologies in the field. In addition to my technical skills, I am a skilled public speaker and have a talent for presenting complex ideas in a clear and engaging manner. I believe that effective communication is essential to successful software engineering, and I strive to maintain open lines of communication with my team and clients.
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