JavaScript is a popular programming language used to create interactive and responsive web applications. One of the common tasks that JavaScript developers have to deal with is converting seconds to minutes and seconds.
In many cases, when dealing with timerelated data, having the ability to convert seconds to minutes and seconds is essential. For example, if you want to display the total duration of a video in minutes and seconds, you need to convert the video duration from seconds to minutes and seconds.
In this article, we’ll explore various approaches to convert seconds to minutes and seconds in JavaScript with code examples.
Approach 1: Using Math.floor() and the Modulo Operator
One of the simplest approaches to convert seconds to minutes and seconds is to use the Math.floor() method and the modulo operator. Math.floor() returns the largest integer less than or equal to a given number, and the modulo operator (%) returns the remainder of a division operation.
Let’s take a look at a sample code snippet that demonstrates how to use Math.floor() and the modulo operator to convert seconds to minutes and seconds:
function convertSecondsToMinutesAndSeconds(seconds) {
let minutes = Math.floor(seconds / 60);
let remainingSeconds = seconds % 60;
return `${minutes} minute(s) and ${remainingSeconds} second(s)`;
}
console.log(convertSecondsToMinutesAndSeconds(200)); // Output: 3 minute(s) and 20 second(s)
In this example, we’ve defined a function called convertSecondsToMinutesAndSeconds that accepts a single parameter (seconds). Inside the function, we’ve used Math.floor() and the modulo operator (%) to calculate the total number of minutes and remaining seconds.
The function then returns a string that contains both the total number of minutes and the remaining seconds.
Approach 2: Using the Date() Object
Another approach to convert seconds to minutes and seconds is to use the builtin Date() object in JavaScript. The Date() object provides us with methods that allow us to work with timerelated data.
Let’s see how we can use the Date() object to convert seconds to minutes and seconds in JavaScript:
function convertSecondsToMinutesAndSeconds(seconds) {
let dateObj = new Date(seconds * 1000);
let minutes = dateObj.getUTCMinutes();
let remainingSeconds = dateObj.getSeconds();
return `${minutes} minute(s) and ${remainingSeconds} second(s)`;
}
console.log(convertSecondsToMinutesAndSeconds(200)); // Output: 3 minute(s) and 20 second(s)
In this example, we’ve defined a function called convertSecondsToMinutesAndSeconds that accepts a single parameter (seconds). Inside the function, we’ve created a new Date() object by multiplying the total number of seconds by 1000 (since the Date() object expects milliseconds).
We have then used dateObj.getUTCMinutes() and dateObj.getSeconds() methods to get the total number of minutes and remaining seconds.
The function then returns a string that contains both the total number of minutes and the remaining seconds.
Approach 3: Using the Moment.js Library
Finally, we can also use a popular JavaScript library called Moment.js to convert seconds to minutes and seconds. Moment.js is a widelyused library that provides developers with easytouse methods for handling timerelated data.
Let’s see how we can use Moment.js to convert seconds to minutes and seconds:
function convertSecondsToMinutesAndSeconds(seconds) {
let momentObj = moment.duration(seconds, "seconds");
let minutes = momentObj.minutes();
let remainingSeconds = momentObj.seconds();
return `${minutes} minute(s) and ${remainingSeconds} second(s)`;
}
console.log(convertSecondsToMinutesAndSeconds(200)); // Output: 3 minute(s) and 20 second(s)
In this example, we’ve defined a function called convertSecondsToMinutesAndSeconds that accepts a single parameter (seconds). Inside the function, we’ve created a new moment.duration() object by passing in the total number of seconds and the string "seconds".
We have then used momentObj.minutes() and momentObj.seconds() methods to get the total number of minutes and remaining seconds.
The function then returns a string that contains both the total number of minutes and the remaining seconds.
Conclusion
In this article, we’ve explored three different approaches to convert seconds to minutes and seconds in JavaScript. Each of these approaches has its own strengths and weaknesses, and the choice ultimately depends on the individual needs of the developer.
By understanding the different ways to convert seconds to minutes and seconds in JavaScript, you’ll be better equipped to work with timerelated data and create more sophisticated web applications. With these simple code examples, you can easily apply this knowledge to your own projects and enhance your skills in JavaScript development.
Approach 1: Using Math.floor() and the modulo operator
The first approach we discussed involves using Math.floor() and the modulo operator to convert seconds to minutes and seconds. This approach is simple and efficient, as it only requires a few lines of code. The Math.floor() method is used to round down the total number of minutes, while the modulo operator is used to calculate the remaining seconds. This approach works well if you need to quickly convert seconds to minutes and seconds without the need for more complex calculations.
One thing to keep in mind when using this approach is that it only works for positive integers. If you need to handle negative numbers or decimal values, you'll need to modify the code accordingly.
Approach 2: Using the Date() Object
The second approach we discussed involves using the builtin Date() object in JavaScript. The Date() object provides methods that allow us to work with timerelated data, including the ability to convert seconds to minutes and seconds. This approach is straightforward and produces accurate results.
To use the Date() object for this purpose, we first create a new Date() object with the seconds value multiplied by 1000 (since the Date() object works with milliseconds). We then use the getUTCMinutes() method to get the total number of minutes, and the getSeconds() method to get the remaining seconds. This approach works well if you need to perform more complex calculations involving time, as the Date() object provides many other methods for working with dates and times.
Approach 3: Using the Moment.js Library
The third approach we discussed involves using the Moment.js library to convert seconds to minutes and seconds. Moment.js is a popular library that provides a range of useful methods for working with dates and times. Using this library for this purpose is simple and produces accurate results.
To use Moment.js for this purpose, we first create a moment.duration() object with the seconds value and the string "seconds". We then use the minutes() and seconds() methods to get the total number of minutes and remaining seconds. This approach works well if you're already using Moment.js in your project or need to perform more complex calculations involving time.
Overall, each of these approaches has its own strengths and weaknesses, and the choice ultimately depends on the individual needs of the developer. By understanding the different ways to convert seconds to minutes and seconds in JavaScript, you'll be better equipped to work with timerelated data and create more sophisticated web applications.
Popular questions

What is one common use case for converting seconds to minutes and seconds in JavaScript?
Answer: One common use case for converting seconds to minutes and seconds in JavaScript is when displaying video or audio durations on a website. 
What is the Math.floor() method used for in the first approach to convert seconds to minutes and seconds?
Answer: Math.floor() method is used to round down the total number of minutes in the first approach to convert seconds to minutes and seconds. 
What is the purpose of creating a new Date object in the second approach to convert seconds to minutes and seconds?
Answer: The purpose of creating a new Date object is to use builtin methods of Date() object to get the total number of minutes and remaining seconds. 
What are the advantages of using the Moment.js library in the third approach to convert seconds to minutes and seconds?
Answer: The advantage of using Moment.js library is that it provides a range of useful methods for working with dates and times and produces accurate results. 
Is it possible to convert negative values or decimal values in the first approach to convert seconds to minutes and seconds?
Answer: No, it is not possible to convert negative values or decimal values in the first approach to convert seconds to minutes and seconds without modifying the code accordingly.
Tag
Convertertime