# javascript format number with k m with code examples

JavaScript provides various ways to format numbers, including the use of "k" and "m" to represent thousands and millions, respectively. Here are a few code examples to demonstrate different methods for formatting numbers in this way:

1. Using `toLocaleString()` method:
```var num = 1234567;
console.log(num.toLocaleString('en-US', { maximumFractionDigits: 0 })); // Output: "1,234,567"
```

In the above code, we first declare a variable `num` and assign it the value of 1234567. We then use the `toLocaleString()` method to format the number and add commas as thousands separators. The first argument passed to the method is the locale, and the second argument is an options object that can be used to specify the maximum number of fractional digits.

1. Using `Number.prototype.toFixed()` method:
```var num = 1234567;
console.log(num.toFixed(2)); // Output: "1234567.00"
```

In the above code, we first declare a variable `num` and assign it the value of 1234567. We then use the `toFixed()` method to format the number and add a specific number of decimal places after the number.

1. Using `Number.prototype.toString()` method:
```var num = 1234567;
console.log(num.toString().replace(/\B(?=(\d{3})+(?!\d))/g, ",")); // Output: "1,234,567"
```

In the above code, we first declare a variable `num` and assign it the value of 1234567. We then use the `toString()` method to convert the number to a string, and the `replace()` method to add commas as thousands separators. The regular expression passed to the `replace()` method is used to match every three digits before a non-digit character.

1. Using a custom function:
```function formatNumber(num) {
var numArr = num.toString().split("").reverse();
var formattedNum = "";
for (var i = 0; i < numArr.length; i++) {
formattedNum = numArr[i] + formattedNum;
if ((i + 1) % 3 == 0 && i !== numArr.length - 1) {
formattedNum = "," + formattedNum;
}
}
return formattedNum;
}

console.log(formatNumber(1234567)); // Output: "1,234,567"
```

In the above code, we first define a custom function `formatNumber()` which takes a single argument, a number. We then convert the number to a string, and split the string into an array of its individual characters. We then use a for loop to iterate through the array, adding each character to a new string, `formattedNum`. We use an if statement to check if the current index is a multiple of 3 and not the last element, and if so, we add a comma to the new string. Finally, the function returns the formatted number.

1. Using numeral.js library
```var numeral = require('numeral');

console.log(numeral(123
In addition to the above examples, there are a few other ways to format numbers with "k" and "m" in JavaScript. One popular method is to use the numeral.js library, which provides a wide range of options for formatting numbers. Here is an example of how to use the library to format a number with "k" and "m":
```

var numeral = require('numeral');

console.log(numeral(1234567).format('0.00a')); // Output: "1.23m"

```In the above code, we first import the numeral.js library. Next, we pass the number 1234567 to the `numeral()` function, and use the `format()` method to specify the desired format of the number. The string passed to the `format()` method is known as a format string, which can be used to specify the number of decimal places, the thousands separator, and the abbreviation to use (e.g. "k" or "m"). In this example, we use "0.00a" which will format the number as 0.00 with abbreviation.

Another method is to use the `shorten()` function, which can be used to format a number with "k" or "m" in a concise manner. For example,
```

function shorten(n) {
if (n >= 1e6) {
return (n / 1e6).toFixed(1) + "m";
}
if (n >= 1e3) {
return (n / 1e3).toFixed(1) + "k";
}
return n;
}
console.log(shorten(1234)) // Output: "1.2k"

```In the above code, we define a function `shorten()` that takes a single argument, a number. The function uses if statements to check the value of the number, and if it is greater than or equal to 1,000,000 it will divide the number by 1,000,000 and append "m" to the end. If it is greater than or equal to 1,000 it will divide the number by 1,000 and append "k" to the end. If the number is less than 1000, it will return the number as it is.

It's worth noting that these are just a few examples of how to format numbers with "k" and "m" in JavaScript and there are many other ways to do it. The best method to use will depend on the specific requirements of your application.

## Popular questions
1. How can I format a number with "k" and "m" in JavaScript?
- One way to format a number with "k" and "m" in JavaScript is to use the `toLocaleString()` method, which allows you to specify the number of decimal places, the thousands separator, and the abbreviation to use. For example:
```

var num = 1234567;
console.log(num.toLocaleString('en-US', {
notation: 'compact',
compactDisplay: 'short'
})); // Output: "1.23m"

```2. What is the best way to format a number with "k" and "m" in JavaScript?
- The best way to format a number with "k" and "m" in JavaScript will depend on the specific requirements of your application. Some popular methods include using the `toLocaleString()` method, the `numeral.js` library, or writing a custom function like `shorten()`.

3. How can I use the `numeral.js` library to format a number with "k" and "m"?
- To use the `numeral.js` library to format a number with "k" and "m", you will first need to install the library by running `npm install numeral`. Once the library is installed, you can use the `numeral()` function to pass a number and use the `format()` method to specify the desired format. For example:
```

var numeral = require('numeral');
console.log(numeral(1234567).format('0.00a')); // Output: "1.23m"

```4. How can I write a custom function to format a number with "k" and "m" in JavaScript?
- One way to write a custom function to format a number with "k" and "m" in JavaScript is to use if statements to check the value of the number and divide it by 1,000 or 1,000,000 depending on its value. For example:
```

function shorten(n) {
if (n >= 1e6) {
return (n / 1e6).toFixed(1) + "m";
}
if (n >= 1e3) {
return (n / 1e3).toFixed(1) + "k";
}
return n;
}
console.log(shorten(1234)) // Output: "1.2k"

```5. What is the difference between "k" and "m" when formatting numbers in JavaScript?
- "k" is short for "thousands" and represents thousands of a given unit. "m" is short for "millions" and represents millions of a given unit. When formatting numbers in JavaScript, "k" is typically used to abbreviate numbers between 1,000 and 999,999 and "m" is used to abbreviate numbers greater than or equal to 1,000,000.

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