Master Laravel migration with these code examples for running specific migrations effortlessly!

Table of content

  1. Introduction to Laravel Migration
  2. Setting up the Laravel Project
  3. Creating Database Tables
  4. Modifying Database Tables
  5. Renaming Database Tables and Columns
  6. Dropping Database Tables and Columns
  7. Running Multiple Migrations at Once
  8. Conclusion

Introduction to Laravel Migration

Laravel is one of the most popular PHP frameworks used for web development. It offers various features that make the development process easier and faster. One of these features is Laravel migration.

Laravel migration is a powerful tool that allows developers to manage database schema changes in a version-controlled manner. Migration helps developers to keep track of changes made to the database schema and deploy these changes easily across multiple servers.

In simple terms, migration is a set of instructions that Laravel uses to create or update database tables, columns, and indexes. These instructions are written in PHP and saved as files in the migration directory. Laravel migration uses these files to apply changes to the database schema.

The beauty of Laravel migration is that it allows developers to write a set of instructions (migrations) which can be run over and over again without causing any conflicts. With Laravel migration, developers can ensure the consistency of the database schema across all environments, including development, staging, and production.

In the next few paragraphs, we will explore some of the code examples that can help you master Laravel migration and run specific migrations effortlessly.

Setting up the Laravel Project

Before we dive into the specifics of Laravel migration, let's first set up a Laravel project. This assumes you already have Laravel installed on your system. If not, you can follow the official installation guide.

First, open a terminal and navigate to the directory where you want to create your project. Then, run the following command:

$ laravel new myproject

This will create a new Laravel project in a folder named myproject. Next, navigate to this folder and start the development server:

$ cd myproject
$ php artisan serve

Now you should be able to access your app at http://localhost:8000. Laravel comes with a default homepage that confirms your installation succeeded.

Finally, let's set up a database for our project. By default, Laravel uses SQLite for local development. In order to use another database system, you'll need to install the appropriate PHP extensions and update your .env file with the connection details.

For this tutorial, we'll stick with SQLite. Laravel already includes a database file in the database directory, so all we need to do is run migrations to create the necessary tables. We'll cover this in more detail in the next section.

Creating Database Tables

One of the fundamental tasks when setting up a new Laravel application is creating the necessary database tables for the application to function. Laravel's migration system makes this easy, allowing you to define your table schemas in code and then run command line tools to create or update your database.

Here's a simple example migration that creates a users table with three columns:

use Illuminate\Database\Migrations\Migration;
use Illuminate\Database\Schema\Blueprint;
use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Schema;

class CreateUsersTable extends Migration
    public function up()
        Schema::create('users', function (Blueprint $table) {

    public function down()

Let's break down each part of this code:

  • use Illuminate\Database\Migrations\Migration: This line imports the base Migration class that our migration classes will extend from.
  • use Illuminate\Database\Schema\Blueprint: This line imports the Blueprint class we'll use to define our table schema.
  • use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Schema: This line imports the Schema facade, which we'll use to interact with our database.

Next, we define our migration class, CreateUsersTable. The up() method is where we define our table schema:

  • Schema::create('users', ...): This line creates a new table named "users".
  • $table->id(): This line creates a primary key column named "id".
  • $table->string('name'): This line creates a "name" column of type "string".
  • $table->string('email')->unique(): This line creates an "email" column of type "string" with a unique constraint.
  • $table->timestamps(): This line creates two timestamp columns named "created_at" and "updated_at".

The down() method is where we define how to revert the migration, which in this case simply drops the "users" table.

To run this migration, we simply need to execute the php artisan migrate command in our terminal. This will create the "users" table in our database.

That's a basic example of creating a database table with Laravel migrations. However, Laravel migrations can do much more than just create tables! Next, let's look at some more advanced migration features such as adding columns and modifying table structure.

Modifying Database Tables

Migrations allow you to easily modify database tables and fields in Laravel. Here are some code examples that you can use to modify your database tables:

  • Adding a new column to a table:

Suppose you want to add a new column called phone_number to your users table:

Schema::table('users', function (Blueprint $table) {
  • Renaming a column:

To rename a column (e.g. first_name to given_name), you can use the renameColumn method:

Schema::table('users', function (Blueprint $table) {
    $table->renameColumn('first_name', 'given_name');
  • Changing the data type of a column:

To change the data type of a column (e.g. from string to text), you can use the change method:

Schema::table('users', function (Blueprint $table) {
  • Dropping a column:

To drop a column (e.g. phone_number) from your table, you can use the dropColumn method:

Schema::table('users', function (Blueprint $table) {

These are just a few examples of how you can modify your database tables using Laravel migrations. With these code snippets, you can easily modify your database schema without having to manually change your database tables.

Renaming Database Tables and Columns

One common task when working with a database is renaming tables or columns. Fortunately, Laravel makes this easy through its migration system. Here are some example code snippets on how to rename tables and columns using Laravel migrations:

Renaming a table:

Schema::rename('old_table_name', 'new_table_name');

Renaming a column:

Schema::table('table_name', function (Blueprint $table) {
    $table->renameColumn('old_column_name', 'new_column_name');

It's important to note that renaming a column will also update any indexes or foreign keys associated with it. However, renaming a table will not update any queries or code that reference it. Therefore, it's important to update any affected code after renaming a table.

By using Laravel migrations, can be done effortlessly, without having to manually modify the database schema. This ensures that the changes are properly tracked and can be easily rolled back if needed.

Dropping Database Tables and Columns

In some cases, you may need to remove database tables or columns from your Laravel project. You can use Laravel migration to accomplish this task effortlessly. Here are some examples of how to drop database tables and columns using Laravel migration:

  • Dropping Tables: To delete a table, you can make use of the drop method in Laravel migration as shown below:

    public function down()
  • Dropping Columns: To remove a column from a table, you can make use of the dropColumn method as shown below:

    public function down()
        Schema::table('users', function (Blueprint $table) {

    In this example, we are dropping the email column from the users table.

The above code examples can be modified to suit your project requirements. Laravel migration provides an efficient way to manage database tables and columns, making it easier and faster to modify data structures.

Running Multiple Migrations at Once

If you have multiple migrations that you want to run at once, Laravel provides an easy way to do this. You can simply pass an array of migration class names to the migrate command, and Laravel will run all of them in the order specified. This allows you to perform multiple database operations in a single command, saving you time and effort.

Here's an example of how to run multiple migrations at once:

php artisan migrate --path=/database/migrations/2020_01_01_000000_create_users_table.php \
                   --path=/database/migrations/2020_02_01_000000_create_posts_table.php \

In this example, we're running three migrations: one to create a users table, one to create a posts table, and one to create a comments table. By using the --path option with each migration, we can specify the path to the migration file we want to run.

You can also run multiple migrations using the --batch option. By default, all migrations are run in a single batch. However, you can group migrations into different batches using the --batch option. For example:

php artisan migrate --batch=1

This will run all migrations in the first batch. You can use the --batch option to run specific migrations or to run all migrations in a particular batch.

Overall, in Laravel is straightforward and easy to do. Whether you're creating new tables or modifying existing ones, running multiple migrations in a single command can save you a lot of time and effort.


In , Laravel migration is an essential feature for managing database structures throughout the application lifecycle. By defining migrations in code rather than using a graphical interface, developers have more control over the database schema and can easily share these changes with other team members. In this article, we covered various code examples that showcase how to run specific migrations effortlessly. By using migration commands like rollbacks and resets, developers can quickly undo changes or start fresh on a new database. Overall, mastering Laravel migration is crucial for creating maintainable and scalable applications that can adapt to changing requirements over time. Whether you are a beginner or an experienced developer, these code examples should help you gain a better understanding of Laravel migrations and how to use them effectively in your projects.

Throughout my career, I have held positions ranging from Associate Software Engineer to Principal Engineer and have excelled in high-pressure environments. My passion and enthusiasm for my work drive me to get things done efficiently and effectively. I have a balanced mindset towards software development and testing, with a focus on design and underlying technologies. My experience in software development spans all aspects, including requirements gathering, design, coding, testing, and infrastructure. I specialize in developing distributed systems, web services, high-volume web applications, and ensuring scalability and availability using Amazon Web Services (EC2, ELBs, autoscaling, SimpleDB, SNS, SQS). Currently, I am focused on honing my skills in algorithms, data structures, and fast prototyping to develop and implement proof of concepts. Additionally, I possess good knowledge of analytics and have experience in implementing SiteCatalyst. As an open-source contributor, I am dedicated to contributing to the community and staying up-to-date with the latest technologies and industry trends.
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