Master Material-UI Style Customization with JSS and Media Queries: Learn with Real Code Examples

Table of content

  1. Introduction
  2. Understanding Material-UI Style Customization
  3. Getting Started with JSS Basics
  4. Adding Media Queries to Your Styles
  5. Creating Real Code Examples with JSS and Media Queries
  6. Advanced Material-UI Customization Techniques with JSS
  7. Tips and Best Practices for Mastering Material-UI Style Customization
  8. Conclusion and Next Steps


If you're a web developer, chances are you've come across Material-UI, a popular React library for building beautiful and responsive user interfaces. While Material-UI comes with a vast collection of pre-built components and styling options, users often want to customize the look and feel of their applications to match their brand or aesthetic preferences. And that's where JSS and media queries come in handy!

JSS (short for JavaScript Style Sheets) is a powerful CSS-in-JS library that enables you to create dynamic styles based on React components and state. By using JSS, you can generate CSS styles at runtime, improving performance and reducing code duplication. Media queries, on the other hand, allow you to apply different styles to your app based on the viewport size, device type, or orientation. This enables you to create truly responsive designs that look great on any device.

In this article, we will dive into the world of JSS and media queries and show you how to master Material-UI style customization. We will cover the basics of JSS and media queries, including how to define styles, use global vs. local styles, and create mixins. We will also demonstrate how to apply media queries to your styles and make them truly responsive. And to help you practice what you learn, we will provide real code examples and walk you through each step of the way.

So whether you're a beginner looking to level up your Material-UI skills or an experienced developer seeking to optimize your app's performance and responsiveness, this article is for you!

Understanding Material-UI Style Customization

Material-UI is a popular React UI framework used for creating beautiful, functional, and responsive web applications. One of the key features of this framework is its ability to allow developers to customize the style of its components. can unlock a huge potential for building unique and innovative interfaces that stand out from the crowd.

The customization of Material-UI styles can be approached in different ways, but one of the most powerful methods is through JSS (JavaScript Style Sheets) and media queries. JSS is a CSS-in-JS library that enables developers to write CSS styles directly in JavaScript. This allows for dynamic and responsive styling that can easily adapt to different screen sizes, user preferences, and other variables.

Media queries are CSS rules that apply styles based on certain conditions, such as screen size, screen orientation, and device type. By combining JSS and media queries, developers can create highly customizable and flexible styles that can respond to any user or device interaction.

is essential for building modern and innovative web applications. Whether it's creating a unique layout, adapting to different screen sizes and resolutions, or implementing user preferences, custom styles can add a touch of creativity, individuality, and functionality to any project. With JSS and media queries, the only limit to Material-UI customization is the imagination and creativity of the developer.

Getting Started with JSS Basics

To get started with JSS, it's important to have a basic understanding of what it is and how it works. JSS, or "JavaScript Style Sheets," is a CSS-in-JS library that allows you to write your styles in JavaScript. This provides many benefits, such as making it easier to write and manage your code, and enabling dynamic and reactive styles that respond to user events.

One of the key concepts in JSS is the use of JavaScript objects to define styles. These objects can include properties such as "background-color," "font-size," and "padding," which are commonly used in CSS. However, with JSS, you can also include more complex style definitions, such as media queries and keyframe animations.

Let's take a look at a simple example to illustrate this concept:

import { createUseStyles } from 'react-jss';

const useStyles = createUseStyles({
  heading: {
    fontSize: '2rem',
    fontWeight: 'bold',
    textAlign: 'center',

    '@media (max-width: 768px)': {
      fontSize: '1.5rem',

function MyComponent() {
  const classes = useStyles();

  return (
    <h1 className={classes.heading}>Hello, World!</h1>

In this example, we define a "heading" class that sets the font-size, font-weight, and text-align properties. However, we also include a media query that sets the font-size property to a smaller value on screens smaller than 768px.

By defining styles in this way, we can create more dynamic and responsive designs that adapt to different screen sizes and device types. JSS also provides many other features and APIs that allow for even more customization and flexibility.

Overall, getting started with JSS involves understanding its basic concepts and syntax, and then exploring the many features and possibilities it provides. With practice and experimentation, you can quickly become proficient in using JSS to create stunning and responsive user interfaces.

Adding Media Queries to Your Styles

Media queries are a powerful tool that can help you create responsive designs. They allow you to define different styles for different device widths, so your website looks great no matter where it's viewed from. In this section, we'll show you how to add media queries to your styles with JSS.

But first, let's take a step back and look at what media queries are. In the early days of the web, many people accessed websites on desktop computers with similar screen sizes. As phones, tablets, and laptops gained popularity, web developers needed a way to ensure that their websites looked good on any device.

Enter media queries. These allow you to define different styles based on the dimensions of the device screen. For example, you might have one set of styles for screens that are 768 pixels wide or larger, and another set for screens that are smaller than that.

With JSS, adding media queries is easy. Simply create a media object and define your styles within it. For example:

const useStyles = makeStyles((theme) => ({
  container: {
    // this style applies to all screens
    backgroundColor: "white",
    padding: "20px",
    [theme.breakpoints.up("md")]: {
      // this style only applies to screens that are at least 960px wide
      backgroundColor: "lightblue",
      padding: "50px",

In this example, we've defined a container class that has a white background and 20 pixels of padding on all screens. But for screens that are at least 960 pixels wide (the standard width for desktop screens), we've added a light blue background and increased the padding to 50 pixels.

By using media queries, we can create designs that adapt to any device, making our websites more accessible and user-friendly.

In conclusion, media queries are an important tool for creating responsive designs on the web. With JSS, it's easy to add media queries to your styles, allowing you to create designs that look great on any device. Whether you're targeting desktop screens or mobile devices, media queries can help you create a website that meets the needs of your users.

Creating Real Code Examples with JSS and Media Queries

JSS (or JavaScript Style Sheets) is a powerful tool that allows you to write CSS code in JavaScript. This means you can use JavaScript functions and variables to dynamically generate CSS styles based on certain conditions or actions. It's a great way to customize your UI without having to write lengthy CSS code or manage multiple stylesheets.

Media queries, on the other hand, allow you to define different styles for different screen sizes. You can use them to create responsive designs that adapt to the user's device, ensuring a consistent user experience across different platforms.

When you combine JSS and media queries, you can create some really powerful and flexible customizations for your UI. For example, you can use media queries to set breakpoints for different screen sizes, and then use JSS to define the styles that should apply at each breakpoint. You can also use JSS to dynamically adjust styles based on user actions, such as hovering over a button or clicking on a link.

To get started with JSS and media queries, you'll need to have some basic knowledge of JavaScript and CSS. Once you have that, you can start experimenting with real code examples to see how they work in practice. There are many resources out there that can help you learn, including online tutorials and code libraries.

Ultimately, mastering JSS and media queries will give you the power to create truly customized UI designs that are both beautiful and functional. So why not give it a try and see what you can create? Who knows, you might even surprise yourself with the results!

Advanced Material-UI Customization Techniques with JSS

Programming with Material-UI can make your web applications look professional and well-designed. However, using pre-defined styles can only take you so far. That's where advanced customization techniques come in.

JSS (JavaScript Style Sheets) is a popular way of customizing Material-UI components. Instead of writing CSS, JSS uses JavaScript to define styles. This offers more flexibility and control over the styling of your components.

One advanced technique is using Media Queries to make your components responsive. Media Queries allow you to define different styles based on the size of the screen. This is essential for creating a seamless user experience on different devices.

In addition, JSS offers various features for fine-tuning your styles such as overriding component styles, creating global styles, and using theming to create consistent styling throughout your app.

Overall, mastering advanced Material-UI customization with JSS will take your web development skills to the next level. With real code examples and hands-on practice, you can become a pro at creating beautiful, responsive web applications.

Tips and Best Practices for Mastering Material-UI Style Customization


Customizing the style of your Material-UI components is a great way to give your web application a unique and personalized look. If you're new to this process, it can be overwhelming to know where to start. Here are some tips and best practices to keep in mind as you begin to master Material-UI style customization:

1. Master the basics of JSS
JSS (short for "JavaScript Style Sheets") is the styling library used by Material-UI. It allows you to write CSS-like syntax directly in your JavaScript code. Spend some time familiarizing yourself with the basics of JSS, such as how to use the makeStyles function to create your custom styles. Once you've got the basics down, you can begin to experiment with more advanced features like theming and mixins.

2. Use media queries for responsive design
One of the most powerful features of Material-UI is its support for responsive design. By using CSS media queries, you can adjust the style of your components based on the size of the screen. Set breakpoints for different screen sizes using Material-UI's built-in theme object, and adjust your styles accordingly. This will ensure that your application looks good on any device.

3. Use named classes for easy debugging
One thing that can make debugging a lot easier is to give your styles named classes. Instead of writing inline styles for each component, assign each component a class name and define its styles separately. This will make it easier to see which styles are being applied to each component, and it will help you avoid overwriting styles by accident.

4. Don't be afraid to use external libraries
There are many external styling libraries that work well with Material-UI, such as styled-components or emotion. These libraries provide additional features like CSS-in-JS and theming, which can help you achieve a more polished look for your application. Don't be afraid to experiment with different libraries until you find one that works well for your needs.

5. Continuously test and iterate
Finally, as with any programming project, it's important to continuously test and iterate on your code. Use Material-UI's built-in tools like the Theme Editor to preview your styles as you work, and make sure everything looks good in different browsers and on different devices. As you make changes, be sure to test each new iteration to ensure that it's still working as expected.

Conclusion and Next Steps

Congratulations! You have now learned how to master Material-UI style customization with JSS and media queries. You have gained an understanding of how to use JSS to create custom styles for your Material-UI components, as well as how to use media queries to create responsive designs. You have also learned how to apply these concepts to real code examples.

Now that you have a firm understanding of these concepts, there are a few next steps you can take to further improve your skills. First, you can explore other Material-UI components and use JSS to create custom styles for them. You can also experiment with different media query breakpoints to create even more responsive designs.

Additionally, you can continue to improve your overall programming skills by learning more about JavaScript, HTML, and CSS. There are many online resources available to help you learn, such as Codecademy and W3Schools.

Remember, programming is a skill that takes time and practice to master. Don't be discouraged if you encounter challenges along the way – keep pushing forward and keep learning. With dedication and perseverance, you will become an expert in Material-UI style customization and beyond.

As an experienced software engineer, I have a strong background in the financial services industry. Throughout my career, I have honed my skills in a variety of areas, including public speaking, HTML, JavaScript, leadership, and React.js. My passion for software engineering stems from a desire to create innovative solutions that make a positive impact on the world. I hold a Bachelor of Technology in IT from Sri Ramakrishna Engineering College, which has provided me with a solid foundation in software engineering principles and practices. I am constantly seeking to expand my knowledge and stay up-to-date with the latest technologies in the field. In addition to my technical skills, I am a skilled public speaker and have a talent for presenting complex ideas in a clear and engaging manner. I believe that effective communication is essential to successful software engineering, and I strive to maintain open lines of communication with my team and clients.
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