Master the art of closing modals with jQuery: Learn with these easy-to-follow code examples

Table of content

  1. Introduction
  2. Understanding Modals in Web Design
  3. Why Close Modals with jQuery?
  4. Basic Syntax for Closing Modals with jQuery
  5. Easy-to-follow Code Examples
  6. Example 1: Closing a Modal with a Close Button
  7. Example 2: Closing a Modal When Clicked Outside of the Box
  8. Example 3: Closing a Modal When Esc Key is Pressed
  9. Example 4: Closing Multiple Modals with One Function
  10. Conclusion


Modal pop-ups are a ubiquitous feature of modern websites and applications. They serve as a way to provide users with additional information or options while preserving the context of the page they are on. However, if not implemented correctly, modals can be frustrating and confusing for users. One of the most important aspects of effective modal usage is the ability to close them quickly and easily. This is where jQuery comes in. jQuery is a popular JavaScript library that makes it easy to manipulate the HTML DOM and add interactivity to web pages. In this article, we'll explore how to use jQuery to create beautiful, user-friendly modals that can be closed with just a few lines of code. We'll provide plenty of code examples to demonstrate different approaches and techniques, so you can master the art of closing modals with jQuery.

Understanding Modals in Web Design

Modals in web design have become increasingly popular in recent years, and for good reason. Modals (also known as pop-ups or lightboxes) are a type of user interface element that can provide important information, display images or videos, or prompt users for input. They are typically displayed as a layer over the main content of a web page, and are designed to grab a user's attention without disrupting their browsing experience.

One of the biggest advantages of using modals is that they allow web designers to pack a lot of information into a small space. With the right design and content, modals can be highly effective at engaging users and driving conversions. However, it's important to be strategic about when and how to use them. Overuse of modals can be intrusive and annoying, and can actually harm the user experience rather than enhance it.

To avoid these pitfalls, it's important to understand the basics of modal design and behavior. In general, modals should be designed to be easy to close, and should not interfere with the user's ability to navigate the rest of the page. They should also be accessible to users with disabilities, and should not rely solely on visual cues to communicate information.

Overall, modals can be a powerful tool for improving the usability and effectiveness of a web page, but they should be used judiciously and with care. With a solid understanding of modal design and behavior, web designers can create effective and engaging modal experiences that enhance the user's experience and support their goals.

Why Close Modals with jQuery?


Closing modals with jQuery can help improve the user experience of your website or application. Modals are a type of pop-up window that appear over the main content of a web page, and are commonly used to display additional information, forms, or media. Without proper closing functionality, users can become frustrated with the modal obstructing their view and potentially preventing them from accessing other parts of the page or application.

Using jQuery to close modals is a simple and effective solution that adds a layer of interactivity to your website or application. By allowing users to easily close modals, you improve their overall experience and help ensure that they can access the content they need quickly and efficiently. Additionally, the ease of use and accessibility of jQuery makes it an ideal choice for developers who want to add functionality without having to write complex code from scratch.

Overall, closing modals with jQuery is a smart and practical way to enhance your website or application and create a more user-friendly experience for your audience. With the help of these easy-to-follow code examples, you can start implementing this functionality today and see the benefits for yourself.

Basic Syntax for Closing Modals with jQuery

Closing modals with jQuery can be a simple process when you understand the basic syntax. Here is a breakdown of the key elements you'll need to know:

Select the Modal

Before you can close a modal using jQuery, you need to identify which one you want to target. In most cases, this is done by assigning a unique id or class to the modal.

$('#myModal') // Selects modal with id="myModal"
$('.modal') // Selects all modals with class="modal"

Trigger the Close Event

Once you have selected the modal, you need to trigger the close event. This is typically done by using the .modal('hide') method. You can call this method on the selected modal object.

$('#myModal').modal('hide') // Hides modal with id="myModal"
$('.modal').modal('hide') // Hides all modals with class="modal"

Put it Together

Here's an example that combines these elements to close a modal with a button click event:

$('#closeButton').click(function() {

This code assigns a click event to a button with the ID #closeButton. When the button is clicked, it will trigger the .modal('hide') method on the modal with the ID #myModal.

By understanding these basic syntax elements, you can start using jQuery to close modals on your website. With the help of the code examples provided in this article, you can master the art of closing modals with ease.

Easy-to-follow Code Examples

The article's subtopic is "", which provides readers with practical examples of how to close modals with jQuery. The article includes easy-to-understand code snippets that readers can apply to their projects with ease.

Each code example is broken down into manageable steps, with detailed explanations of each step provided. The author includes comments alongside the code to explain what each line of code is doing, making it easier for readers to understand what's going on.

The code examples are accompanied by screenshots or demo links, allowing readers to see the code in action and get a better understanding of how it works. The author also includes variations of the code examples, demonstrating how the same effect can be achieved using different techniques.

The article concludes with a summary of the code examples, highlighting their main takeaways and providing readers with a quick reference guide they can use in their projects. Overall, the make this article a valuable resource for readers looking to master the art of closing modals with jQuery.

Example 1: Closing a Modal with a Close Button

One common way to close a modal is to include a "close" button that users can click to dismiss the modal. Here's a simple example of how to implement this using jQuery.


<div id="myModal" class="modal">
  <div class="modal-content">
    <span class="close">&times;</span>
    <p>Modal content goes here.</p>

This creates a modal with a close button (represented by the &times; symbol) in the top right corner of the modal content.


.modal {
  display: none;
  position: fixed;
  z-index: 1;
  left: 0;
  top: 0;
  width: 100%;
  height: 100%;
  overflow: auto;
  background-color: rgba(0,0,0,0.4);

.modal-content {
  background-color: #fefefe;
  margin: 15% auto;
  padding: 20px;
  border: 1px solid #888;
  width: 80%;

.close {
  color: #aaa;
  float: right;
  font-size: 28px;
  font-weight: bold;

.close:focus {
  color: black;
  text-decoration: none;
  cursor: pointer;

This CSS sets up the basic modal and styles the close button.



Finally, this jQuery code adds a click event listener to the close button that hides the modal when clicked.

With these three components – HTML, CSS, and JavaScript – you can create a simple modal that can be closed with a close button.

Example 2: Closing a Modal When Clicked Outside of the Box

Sometimes users want to close a modal by clicking outside of it, rather than having to click a specific button or icon. Fortunately, this can be easily achieved with jQuery. Here's an example:

$(document).on("click", function(e){

In this code, we're using the on() method to attach a click event to the entire document. When the user clicks anywhere on the page, the if statement checks to see if the clicked element has the class of .modal. If it does, that means the click occurred inside the modal, and we can safely ignore it. If it doesn't, it means the click occurred outside of the modal, so we can use the fadeOut() method to hide it.

Note that this code assumes that the modal has a class of .modal. If your modal has a different class, you'll need to adjust the code accordingly.

Closing a modal when clicked outside of the box can be a nice touch to improve your user experience. However, you should also consider the potential downsides. For example, users may accidentally click outside of the modal and inadvertently close it. You should weigh these factors carefully in the context of your specific use case.

Example 3: Closing a Modal When Esc Key is Pressed

In Example 3, we will learn how to close a modal when the user presses the "Esc" key. This functionality adds an extra layer of convenience for users who prefer to use keyboard shortcuts instead of clicking on icons/buttons.

To implement this feature using jQuery, we need to bind a keyup event on the document object and check if the key pressed was "Esc." Here's how to do it:

$(document).keyup(function(e) {
  // Check if the key pressed was "Esc"
  if (e.key === "Escape") {
    // Trigger the click event on the modal's close button

In the above code, we are using the event.key property to check if the key pressed was "Escape." If it was, we trigger the click event on the modal's close button using jQuery's click() method.

Note that in order for this to work, you need to give the close button an ID of "modal-close-btn." You can customize this ID to fit your naming convention.

To summarize, by binding a keyup event to the document object and checking if the "Esc" key was pressed, we can easily close a modal using jQuery. This is a small but powerful feature that can greatly enhance the user experience of your web application.

Example 4: Closing Multiple Modals with One Function

Closing multiple modals can be a cumbersome task, but with jQuery, it can be simplified by using one function. In this example, we will show you how to close multiple modals with ease.

First, let's create a button to trigger the closing function.

<button id="close-modals">Close All Modals</button>

Next, we need to add a class "close-modal" to each modal that we want to close. For example:

<div class="modal close-modal">
  <!-- modal content here -->

Then, we can use jQuery to create a function that targets all elements with the class "close-modal" and hides them when the close button is clicked.

$(document).on('click', '#close-modals', function() {

This function will hide all modals on the page that have the class "close-modal" when the button is clicked.

Using a single function to close multiple modals saves time and simplifies the code. You can modify this function to add additional functionality, such as triggering a confirmation message before closing the modals.

Closing multiple modals has never been easier with jQuery. With this function, you can simplify your code and enhance your user experience.


In , mastering the art of closing modals with jQuery can greatly enhance the user experience on your website. By following the easy-to-follow code examples provided, you can create smooth and seamless transitions that improve the overall functionality of your site. Closing modals can be a challenge, but with the right techniques, it can be accomplished efficiently and effectively.

Remember to keep in mind the purpose and design of your website when implementing these modal techniques. You want to strike a balance between providing a user-friendly experience and maintaining the overall aesthetic of your brand. With jQuery, you can create customized modal experiences that meet both of these goals.

Overall, the examples and techniques provided in this article are a great starting point for enhancing the user experience on your website. By mastering the art of closing modals with jQuery, you can create a seamless and enjoyable user experience that sets your website apart from the competition.

Throughout my career, I have held positions ranging from Associate Software Engineer to Principal Engineer and have excelled in high-pressure environments. My passion and enthusiasm for my work drive me to get things done efficiently and effectively. I have a balanced mindset towards software development and testing, with a focus on design and underlying technologies. My experience in software development spans all aspects, including requirements gathering, design, coding, testing, and infrastructure. I specialize in developing distributed systems, web services, high-volume web applications, and ensuring scalability and availability using Amazon Web Services (EC2, ELBs, autoscaling, SimpleDB, SNS, SQS). Currently, I am focused on honing my skills in algorithms, data structures, and fast prototyping to develop and implement proof of concepts. Additionally, I possess good knowledge of analytics and have experience in implementing SiteCatalyst. As an open-source contributor, I am dedicated to contributing to the community and staying up-to-date with the latest technologies and industry trends.
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