Master the Art of Passing VueJS Router Params with These Code Examples – Your Ultimate Guide 2.0

Table of content

  1. Introduction
  2. Understanding VueJS Router
  3. Passing Router Params
  4. Example 1: Simple Route Params
  5. Example 2: Route Params with Multiple Parameters
  6. Example 3: Route Params with Optional Parameters
  7. Example 4: Route Query Parameters
  8. Conclusion


Passing VueJS router params is an essential part of developing web applications. It is particularly crucial for building SPA (Single Page Applications) which depend heavily on routing. When building web applications with VueJS, passing parameters is a fundamental feature that helps to build dynamic and responsive web pages.

In this guide, we'll take a closer look at VueJS router params and provide you with code examples to help you master this critical aspect of web app development. In particular, we'll discuss how to pass and access parameters in VueJS Router, the different types of parameters that you can pass, and their use cases.

Whether you are a new or a seasoned VueJS developer, this guide will provide you with the necessary information to help you pass and access router params effectively in your web applications. So, let's get started!

Understanding VueJS Router

VueJS Router is an important component of VueJS framework that enables the creation of single page applications with seamless navigation. The Router is responsible for defining the routes, which are the different URLs that your app can display, and also for parsing the URLs and their associated parameters.

Vue Router allows you to map URLs to specific components, enabling seamless page rendering and improving the user experience. It is a powerful tool that enables you to create complex and dynamic web applications with ease.

One of the key benefits of VueJS Router is its ability to handle dynamic content by passing parameters value as part of the URL. This allows you to render a component with different content based on the URL, and without requiring a full page reload.

Understanding how the VueJS Router works is essential for any developer looking to master the art of building responsive and engaging single-page web applications. With the right understanding of VueJS Router, you can build applications that provide a better user experience, increased interactivity, and faster response times.

Passing Router Params

in VueJS is an essential aspect of building web applications using the VueJS framework. Router Params are dynamic URL segments used to pass data from one component to another. They are used to customize views based on specific parameters, such as user IDs, product IDs, or category types.

To pass Router Params in VueJS, you need to define your routes in your VueRouter instance using the ":paramName" syntax. For example, if you want to pass a user ID parameter to a user profile page, you can define the route as follows:

    path: '/user-profile/:userId',
    name: 'UserProfile',
    component: UserProfile,

Next, you need to access the parameter in your component by using the "$route.params.paramName" syntax. For example, to access the user ID parameter in the UserProfile component, you can use the following code:

        <h1>User Profile</h1>
        <p>User ID: {{ $route.params.userId }}</p>

In this way, you can easily pass and retrieve Router Params in VueJS, allowing you to create dynamic and customized views based on your user's needs.

Example 1: Simple Route Params

To pass VueJS router params, the first step is to define a route with a parameter in your route file. For example, suppose you want to pass an id parameter to a User component. In that case, you can define the route like this:

  path: '/user/:id',
  name: 'user',
  component: User

In this example, the id parameter is defined by the : symbol before the parameter name. The name property is used to give the route a name, which is useful for navigation or linking to the route.

To use the parameter in your User component, you need to access it through the $route object, which is a global object provided by VueJS. You can access the id parameter like this:

export default {
  name: 'User',
  created() {

In this example, the created hook is used to log the id parameter to the console. You can use this parameter to fetch data from an API or perform other logic within your component.

Overall, passing simple route parameters with VueJS is straightforward. Define the parameter in your route file, access it through the $route object in your component, and use it as needed.

Example 2: Route Params with Multiple Parameters

Route parameters can also have multiple values passed to them, which can be useful in a variety of situations. To define a route with multiple parameters, simply use a colon followed by the parameter name, and separate each parameter with a slash:

  path: '/foo/:param1/:param2',
  name: 'foo',
  component: FooComponent

To pass multiple parameters to a route, you can include them in the router link as follows:

<router-link :to="{ name: 'foo', params: { param1: 'hello', param2: 'world' } }">Go to Foo</router-link>

In this example, we're passing the values "hello" and "world" as the parameters "param1" and "param2" to the "foo" route. When the user clicks the link, they will be taken to the FooComponent, with the two parameters passed in as properties.

In the component, we can access the parameters using the $route.params object, like this:

export default {
  name: 'FooComponent',
  created() {
    console.log(this.$route.params.param1) // "hello"
    console.log(this.$route.params.param2) // "world"

We can use these parameter values to perform various tasks, such as fetching data from an API based on the passed values. Overall, passing multiple parameters to a route in VueJS is a straightforward process that can enable many powerful features in your application.

Example 3: Route Params with Optional Parameters

When using VueJS router params, sometimes you may want to provide optional parameters. In Example 3, we will show you how to achieve this functionality.

  path: '/example/:id?',
  name: 'example',
  component: ExampleComponent

In this code example, we have defined a route with the path '/example/:id?'. The question mark after "id" indicates that it is an optional parameter. So, if you navigate to '/example', VueJS will not throw any error.

When you navigate to '/example/123', VueJS will render the same component as when you navigate to '/example'. But in the first case, you can access the value of "id" as 123.

When accessing the value of an optional parameter, you need to check whether it exists or not. In the above example, we can check for the existence of the "id" parameter using the following code:

if (this.$ !== undefined) {
  // Do something

This code will check whether the "id" parameter exists or not. If it exists, then you can access its value using "this.$".

In summary, by adding a question mark after a parameter in the path of a VueJS route, you can make it optional. This allows you to navigate to the same route without passing a value for the optional parameter. When accessing the value of an optional parameter, you need to check whether it exists or not before using it.

Example 4: Route Query Parameters

To pass query parameters in VueJS router, we can use the "$route.query" object. These query parameters are added to the end of the URL after a "?" and they consist of key-value pairs. Here's an example code:

  <div>{{ $route.query }}</div>

export default {
  name: "query-example",
  mounted() {
    const query = {
      name: "John",
      age: 30,
    this.$router.push({ name: "query-example", query });

In this example, we're creating a new VueJS component called "query-example" and we're mounting it. As soon as the component is mounted, we're defining a query object with two key-value pairs and passing it as a query parameter to the current route using the $router.push() method. Then, we're displaying the query object in the template using {{ $route.query }}.

When we run this code, we'll see the query parameter values displayed on the screen as "name=John&age=30". We can also access these query parameters programmatically using $ and $route.query.age.

Query parameters are useful for passing data between components and for implementing search functionality in our applications. We can also use them to filter and sort data on a page. Overall, passing query parameters in VueJS router is an effective way of managing and manipulating our application's state.


In , mastering the art of passing VueJS router params is a crucial skill for any VueJS developer. With the help of the code examples provided in this ultimate guide 2.0, you'll be able to get a better understanding of how to work with router params and use them to create dynamic web applications. Remember, when passing router params, it's important to use the correct syntax and follow best practices to avoid errors and ensure optimal performance. By following the examples and guidelines provided in this guide, you'll be well-equipped to handle any router param-related challenges that come your way. So go ahead, use your newfound knowledge to create amazing VueJS projects and take your development skills to the next level.

Throughout my career, I have held positions ranging from Associate Software Engineer to Principal Engineer and have excelled in high-pressure environments. My passion and enthusiasm for my work drive me to get things done efficiently and effectively. I have a balanced mindset towards software development and testing, with a focus on design and underlying technologies. My experience in software development spans all aspects, including requirements gathering, design, coding, testing, and infrastructure. I specialize in developing distributed systems, web services, high-volume web applications, and ensuring scalability and availability using Amazon Web Services (EC2, ELBs, autoscaling, SimpleDB, SNS, SQS). Currently, I am focused on honing my skills in algorithms, data structures, and fast prototyping to develop and implement proof of concepts. Additionally, I possess good knowledge of analytics and have experience in implementing SiteCatalyst. As an open-source contributor, I am dedicated to contributing to the community and staying up-to-date with the latest technologies and industry trends.
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