Master the art of PDF manipulation and supercharge your Python skills with these jaw-dropping code examples in PyPDF2.

Table of content

  1. Introduction
  2. Getting started with PyPDF2
  3. Extracting text from PDF files
  4. Merging multiple PDF files into one
  5. Splitting a PDF file into multiple pages
  6. Adding watermarks to PDF files
  7. Rotating pages in a PDF file
  8. Conclusion


PDFs are an incredibly popular file format for both personal and professional purposes, but manipulating them using programming languages can be a daunting task. Luckily, PyPDF2 makes it possible for Python developers to easily manipulate PDFs and perform a wide range of tasks with them. From splitting and merging PDFs to adding watermarks and encrypting files, PyPDF2 offers a wealth of functionality for developers who need to work with PDFs on a regular basis.

In this article, we'll explore some of the most powerful features of PyPDF2 and provide you with a range of code examples that will help you get started with PDF manipulation in Python. Whether you're an experienced developer or just getting started with Python, there is something in this article for you. So let's dive in and explore the world of PDF manipulation in Python with PyPDF2.

Getting started with PyPDF2

PyPDF2 is a popular Python library that allows developers to easily manipulate PDF files using Python. It provides a wide range of functionalities, including merging, splitting, and editing PDF files. Whether you're a beginner or an experienced developer, PyPDF2 is easy to use and highly effective.

To get started with PyPDF2, you'll need to install the library first. Thankfully, PyPDF2 can be easily installed using pip, a package manager for Python. Once you've installed PyPDF2, you can start importing the library and using its various tools and features.

One of the most notable features of PyPDF2 is its ability to extract text and images from PDF files. This feature is especially useful when you need to extract data from large PDF documents. PyPDF2's text extraction capabilities are highly accurate and can extract text from even the most complex PDF files.

Another important feature of PyPDF2 is its ability to merge and split PDF files. With just a few lines of code, you can merge multiple PDF files into a single document or split a large PDF into smaller, more manageable files.

Overall, PyPDF2 is an incredibly useful library that can save developers a lot of time and effort when working with PDF files. Whether you're working on a small project or a large-scale application, PyPDF2 is definitely worth exploring.

Extracting text from PDF files

PyPDF2 is a powerful Python library that allows developers to manipulate, merge, and split PDF files. One of the most popular applications of PyPDF2 is . can be a challenging task because PDF files are not designed for text extraction. However, PyPDF2 provides several functions to make the process much easier.

The first step in extracting text from a PDF file is to open the file using PyPDF2. Once the file is open, developers can use the getPage() function to get a specific page from the PDF file. From there, the extractText() function can be used to get the text content from the page. This function returns a string containing all the text from the page.

One of the benefits of using PyPDF2 for text extraction is that it supports OCR (Optical Character Recognition) for scanned PDFs. OCR allows developers to extract text from images in PDFs, which can be valuable for companies that need to process large volumes of scanned documents.

In addition to , PyPDF2 allows developers to manipulate the text by adjusting font size, font color, and font style. This function can be useful for developers who need to modify text in a PDF file for specific purposes.

Overall, PyPDF2 provides developers with a straightforward way to extract and manipulate text from PDF files. By mastering the art of PDF manipulation with PyPDF2, developers can supercharge their Python skills and unlock a wide range of possibilities for their applications.

Merging multiple PDF files into one

One common task when working with PDFs is merging multiple files into one. Luckily, PyPDF2 makes this a relatively simple process. First, we need to create a PdfFileMerger object and add the files to it using the append() method. Then, we can write the merged PDF to a new file using the write() method. Here is some sample code:

from PyPDF2 import PdfFileMerger

merger = PdfFileMerger()

One thing to keep in mind is that the order in which you add the files to the merger determines their order in the final merged document. If you need to reorder the pages within the merged document, you can use the addBookmark() method to create a table of contents and specify the page numbers manually.

In addition to merging PDFs, PyPDF2 offers a wide range of other manipulation options, such as splitting, rotating, and encrypting PDFs. By mastering this library, Python programmers have a powerful toolset at their disposal for handling any PDF-related tasks they encounter.

Splitting a PDF file into multiple pages

is a common task that many professionals encounter in their day-to-day work. Fortunately, with the power of PyPDF2, this task can be accomplished quickly and efficiently. PyPDF2 is a Python library that allows developers to manipulate PDFs programmatically, making it an ideal tool for splitting large PDF files into multiple smaller ones.

To split a PDF file into multiple pages using PyPDF2, developers can start by opening the PDF file using the open() function. Then, they can create a new PDF file for each page they want to extract using the PdfFileWriter() function. Next, developers can loop through each page in the original PDF file and add it to the appropriate new PDF file using the addPage() method. Finally, developers can save each new PDF file using the write() method.

This process can be further streamlined by creating a function that takes in the original PDF file name and the desired number of pages per new file as arguments. The function can then automate the process of opening the file, creating new files, extracting pages, and saving each new file.

With PyPDF2, developers can easily split PDF files into multiple pages using Python code, making this common task much more manageable. This library is just one example of how Python can be used to automate and streamline complex tasks, making it an essential tool for modern programmers.

Adding watermarks to PDF files

is a simple and effective way to protect your intellectual property or add branding to your documents. Fortunately, PyPDF2 makes it easy to add watermarks to PDFs using just a few lines of code in Python. Whether you want to add a text or image watermark, PyPDF2 has you covered.

To add a text watermark, you need to first create a PdfFileWriter object and a PdfFileReader object to hold your PDF file. Then, you can create a new page for your watermark with the desired text and formatting. Finally, you can loop through each page of your input PDF and add the watermark page on top using mergePage().

Adding an image watermark follows a similar process, but instead of creating a new page, you need to open the image file and convert it to a PDF object using PIL. Once you have your watermark PDF object, you can use mergePage() to add it to each page of your input PDF.

One benefit of using PyPDF2 to add watermarks is the ability to customize the positioning and opacity of the watermark. This means you can add subtle or prominent watermarks depending on your needs. Additionally, PyPDF2 is cross-platform and supports Python 2 and 3, making it a versatile tool for PDF manipulation.

Overall, is just one of the many useful features of PyPDF2 for PDF manipulation. With its intuitive API and powerful capabilities, PyPDF2 makes it easy to automate PDF tasks and supercharge your Python skills.

Rotating pages in a PDF file

is a common task in many industries, from printing to publishing. The PyPDF2 library in Python provides a simple solution for this task. This library allows you to create, manipulate and extract data from PDF files.

To rotate a page in a PDF, you first need to identify the page you wish to rotate. This can be done by using the getPage() function to select a specific page. Once the page has been identified, you can use the rotateClockwise() or rotateCounterClockwise() function to rotate the page by 90 degrees clockwise or counterclockwise, respectively.

For example, consider the following code snippet:

from PyPDF2 import PdfFileReader, PdfFileWriter

# Open the PDF file in read-binary mode
with open('example.pdf', 'rb') as pdf_file:
    # Create a PDF reader object
    pdf_reader = PdfFileReader(pdf_file)

    # Create a PDF writer object
    pdf_writer = PdfFileWriter()

    # Determine the number of pages in the PDF file
    num_pages = pdf_reader.getNumPages()

    # Loop through each page in the PDF file
    for i in range(num_pages):
        # Get the current page
        page = pdf_reader.getPage(i)
        # Rotate the page 90 degrees clockwise

        # Add the page to the PDF writer object
    # Save the rotated PDF file
    with open('rotated_example.pdf', 'wb') as output_file:

This code opens a PDF file and rotates each page in the file by 90 degrees clockwise. The resulting PDF file is then saved as a new file.

In conclusion, PyPDF2 in Python provides a simple and effective solution for . With just a few lines of code, you can manipulate and customize PDF files to meet your specific needs.


In , PyPDF2 is an incredibly powerful tool for PDF manipulation that can greatly enhance your Python skills. With its wide range of features and functions, including adding and removing pages, merging multiple PDFs, and extracting metadata and text, PyPDF2 is an essential tool for anyone working with PDF documents on a regular basis.

By mastering PyPDF2 and using it to manipulate PDFs in Python, you can save time and effort while also improving the quality and functionality of your documents. With practice and experimentation, you can create complex scripts and applications that automate repetitive PDF tasks and streamline your workflow.

Furthermore, the development of Large Language Models such as GPT-4 is set to revolutionize the field of natural language processing and AI in the coming years. As these models gain more power and sophistication, they will be able to perform increasingly complex tasks and generate more human-like responses.

Overall, the combination of PyPDF2 and LLMs like GPT-4 represents a powerful and exciting opportunity for programmers and AI enthusiasts alike. By learning to use these tools effectively, you can unlock a whole new world of possibilities and take your Python skills to the next level.

I am a driven and diligent DevOps Engineer with demonstrated proficiency in automation and deployment tools, including Jenkins, Docker, Kubernetes, and Ansible. With over 2 years of experience in DevOps and Platform engineering, I specialize in Cloud computing and building infrastructures for Big-Data/Data-Analytics solutions and Cloud Migrations. I am eager to utilize my technical expertise and interpersonal skills in a demanding role and work environment. Additionally, I firmly believe that knowledge is an endless pursuit.

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