Master the Art of Using Gotoxy in C Language with these Real Code Examples.

Table of content

  1. Introduction
  2. What is Gotoxy?
  3. Why Use Gotoxy in C Language?
  4. Basic Syntax of Gotoxy
  5. Real Code Example: Drawing a Rectangle using Gotoxy
  6. Real Code Example: Creating a Menu using Gotoxy
  7. Real Code Example: Implementing Animation using Gotoxy
  8. Conclusion



If you're a beginner learning C programming, you might have come across the term "gotoxy" – a function that is used to position the cursor on the screen. Using this function can be quite handy if you want to create text-based, console window programs with advanced screen manipulation.

In C programming, gotoxy is used to set the position of the cursor on the console window. This function takes two arguments, the column and row, and moves the cursor to that position. By controlling the position of the cursor, we can create dynamic console programs that display information in a structured and organized way.

Gotoxy is just one of the many functions available in C that are used to create console-based programs that interact with the user. In recent years, there have been significant developments in the field of text and natural language processing, including Large Language Models (LLMs) like GPT-4. These models can generate high-quality text similar to human-written text, making them a valuable tool for programmers who want to automate certain parts of their programming workflow.

In this article, we'll explore how to use gotoxy in C programming with real code examples. We'll also take a brief look at the potential of LLMs like GPT-4 and how they could improve the programming experience in the future. Whether you're a beginner or an experienced C programmer, this article will provide you with valuable insights into the powerful tools available for creating console-based programs.

What is Gotoxy?

Gotoxy is a function that is used in C language to place the cursor at a specific location on the screen. It is typically used in console applications, where the output is displayed on a text-based screen. The function takes two parameters, which are the X and Y coordinates where the cursor should be placed.

Using Gotoxy can make your output more visually appealing and easier to read, as you can control the placement of text and other elements on the screen. It can also be useful for creating text-based games and other applications where user input is required.

The function is not included in the standard C library, but it can be implemented with the help of the Windows.h header file on Windows systems. It is important to note that the use of Gotoxy is generally discouraged in modern programming practices, as it can make code difficult to read and maintain. However, it remains a useful tool for certain types of applications and can be a valuable addition to your programming toolkit.

Why Use Gotoxy in C Language?

Gotoxy is a function that allows a programmer to control the position of the cursor on the screen in the C language. The cursor is an indicator that shows where the user is currently typing or where the output is being generated. In many cases, the cursor's position is critical because it determines where the user input or program output starts on the screen. By using the Gotoxy function, the programmer can control the cursor's position and place it at the desired location on the screen.

The primary benefit of using Gotoxy in C language programs is that it enhances the program's readability and aesthetics by aligning inputs and outputs to specific locations on the screen. It makes the program look more organized and professional, which helps in understanding the program flow. Moreover, it allows a programmer to create more interactive programs that can provide responses to users in real-time. By controlling the cursor's position, a programmer can make the program display information at a specific location, erase previous output, and replace it with updated information.

Another advantage of Gotoxy in C language programs is that it saves time and increases efficiency. Without using the Gotoxy function, the programmer would have to use multiple character strings or whitespace characters to align the output. This process would be time-consuming, especially when working with large programs. Gotoxy function, on the other hand, provides a much quicker and more efficient way of controlling output placement.

In conclusion, Gotoxy function is an essential tool for any C language programmer who wants to create interactive and professional-looking programs. It enhances program readability, saves time, and increases efficiency, among others. Gotoxy function is easy to use, and with practice, it can be mastered to create visually pleasing programs with well-organized outputs.

Basic Syntax of Gotoxy

Gotoxy is a C language function that allows you to position your cursor anywhere on the console screen. It's a powerful tool for creating text-based user interfaces, games, and other applications that require precise positioning of text and characters. To use Gotoxy, you need to have a basic understanding of its syntax.

The syntax of Gotoxy is straightforward. It takes two arguments, which represent the x and y coordinates of the cursor. The x coordinate represents the horizontal position of the cursor, while the y coordinate represents the vertical position of the cursor. The top-left corner of the console screen is the origin, with x and y coordinates of zero.

Here's an example of the :

#include <windows.h> // For Windows platform

void gotoxy(int x, int y) {
    COORD coord;
    coord.X = x;
    coord.Y = y;
    SetConsoleCursorPosition(GetStdHandle(STD_OUTPUT_HANDLE), coord);

In this example, the Gotoxy function takes two arguments, x and y. These arguments are used to set the cursor position on the console screen. The COORD structure is used to store the x and y coordinates, and the SetConsoleCursorPosition function is used to set the cursor position.

Overall, Gotoxy is a simple yet powerful function that can be incredibly useful for C programmers who want to create more interactive and dynamic console applications. With a solid understanding of its syntax, you can take advantage of the full range of features that Gotoxy has to offer.

Real Code Example: Drawing a Rectangle using Gotoxy

To draw a rectangle using Gotoxy, we need to use the following pseudo code:

function drawRectangle(int x1, int y1, int x2, int y2){
    for(int i=x1; i<=x2; i++){

    for(int i=y1; i<=y2; i++){

This function takes in four integer arguments: the x and y coordinates of the top left corner of the rectangle (x1, y1), and the x and y coordinates of the bottom right corner of the rectangle (x2, y2).

Inside the function, we first draw the horizontal sides of the rectangle using a for loop that iterates over the x-coordinate values from x1 to x2. For each value of i, we use the gotoxy function to position the cursor at (i, y1) and (i, y2) respectively, and then print a "*" character to draw the horizontal side of the rectangle.

Next, we draw the vertical sides of the rectangle using a for loop that iterates over the y-coordinate values from y1 to y2. For each value of i, we use the gotoxy function to position the cursor at (x1, i) and (x2, i) respectively, and then print a "*" character to draw the vertical side of the rectangle.

This code demonstrates how the Gotoxy function can be used to position the cursor on the screen and draw basic shapes like rectangles. With a bit of creativity, it is possible to use Gotoxy to create more complex patterns and designs on the screen.

Real Code Example: Creating a Menu using Gotoxy

Creating a menu using gotoxy is a great example of how this function can be used to enhance the user experience of C language programs. By allowing programmers to position the cursor anywhere on the screen, gotoxy makes it easy to create interactive menus that are both visually appealing and easy to navigate.

To create a menu using gotoxy, the code must first define the position of each menu item on the screen using the x and y coordinates. This can be done using simple arithmetic operations, such as adding or subtracting values from the current cursor position.

Once the menu items have been defined, the code can use the gotoxy function to position the cursor at each menu item in turn, allowing the user to select an option by pressing a key. For example, the code might use a switch statement to determine which menu item was selected and then perform the corresponding action.

One of the key benefits of using gotoxy to create menus is that it allows programmers to easily add or remove menu items without affecting the layout of the rest of the program. This can be particularly useful for programs that require frequent updates or modifications.

Overall, creating a menu using gotoxy is a great way to improve the user experience of C language programs. By adding interactive menus that are easy to navigate, programmers can create programs that are both functional and user-friendly.

Real Code Example: Implementing Animation using Gotoxy

When it comes to creating interactive programs and applications, animation can be a powerful tool. With Gotoxy and C language, it's possible to implement animation into your project for added engagement and interactivity.

The implementation of animation using Gotoxy requires an understanding of how to move the cursor to different coordinates on the screen. This can be achieved using the gotoxy() function, which is included in the conio.h header file. Once the cursor is positioned, animation can be implemented by repeatedly printing characters or shapes in different positions on the screen. This gives the illusion of movement and creates dynamic visuals that can enhance the user experience.

In practice, implementing animation using Gotoxy can be challenging, especially when it comes to creating smooth and seamless animations. However, with practice and a solid understanding of Gotoxy, it's possible to create stunning animations that add a new level of interactivity to your programs.

Here is an example of how to create a simple animation of a bouncing ball using Gotoxy:

#include <stdio.h>
#include <conio.h>
#include <windows.h>

int main()
    int x = 10, y = 10;
    int dx = 1, dy = 1;

        printf("\033[2J"); //clear screen
        gotoxy(x, y);
        printf(" o ");

        Sleep(50); //delay for smooth animation

        //update position
        x += dx;
        y += dy;

        //bounce off borders
        if(x == 79 || x == 0) dx = -dx;
        if(y == 23 || y == 0) dy = -dy;
    return 0;

This code creates a bouncing ball animation by repeatedly printing an "o" character at different positions on the screen. The gotoxy() function is used to position the cursor at the correct location, and the Sleep() function is used to create a smooth delay between each frame of the animation.

By tweaking the values of dx and dy, it's possible to modify the speed and trajectory of the ball, and by adjusting the Sleep() function, it's possible to change the frame rate of the animation.

Overall, implementing animation using Gotoxy can be a challenging but rewarding task. By mastering this technique, you can take your programming skills to the next level and create engaging and interactive applications that keep users coming back for more.


In , mastering the art of using Gotoxy in C language can greatly enhance the visual elements of a program and make it more user-friendly. By utilizing Gotoxy, programmers can achieve precise positioning of text and graphics on the console screen, improving the readability and overall aesthetics of the interface. With the real code examples provided in this article, users can learn practical applications of Gotoxy and develop their skills in incorporating this feature in their own projects.

It's important to note that while Gotoxy may be a useful tool for enhancing visual display, it is not without its limitations. Programs that rely too heavily on Gotoxy may become overly complex and difficult to maintain, and it may not be the best solution for more complex user interfaces. Nonetheless, with careful planning and implementation, Gotoxy can be a powerful tool for C programmers to create robust and user-friendly applications.

As the world of programming continues to evolve, it will be interesting to see how new technologies and advancements in language models, such as GPT-4, will impact the way we code. With its ability to generate high-quality pseudocode and automate certain programming tasks, LLMs are poised to revolutionize the way we think about programming and make the process more accessible to a wider range of users. The future of programming is exciting, and the tools and techniques discussed in this article represent just a small piece of the puzzle.

I am a driven and diligent DevOps Engineer with demonstrated proficiency in automation and deployment tools, including Jenkins, Docker, Kubernetes, and Ansible. With over 2 years of experience in DevOps and Platform engineering, I specialize in Cloud computing and building infrastructures for Big-Data/Data-Analytics solutions and Cloud Migrations. I am eager to utilize my technical expertise and interpersonal skills in a demanding role and work environment. Additionally, I firmly believe that knowledge is an endless pursuit.

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