PostgreSQL is one of the most popular opensource relational database management systems used in the industry today. It is known for its powerful features and reliability when it comes to managing data. One of the many data types that PostgreSQL supports is the float and integer data types.
In this article, we will explore how to convert a float to an integer in PostgreSQL with code examples.
Float Data Type
A float, or floatingpoint number, is a data type that represents a number with a decimal point. It can store a wider range of values than an integer but has less precision. A float is defined in PostgreSQL as a real or double precision data type.
Int Data Type
An integer, or int, is a data type that represents a whole number without a decimal point. It has a smaller range of values than a float but is more precise. An int is defined in PostgreSQL as a smallint, integer, or bigint data type.
Converting from Float to Int
Converting a float to an integer in PostgreSQL is a straightforward process. However, it is worth noting that when a float is converted to an integer, any decimal points are truncated, and the result is an integer value.
In PostgreSQL, there are two ways to convert a float to an integer: using the cast function and using the round function.
Using the Cast Function
The cast function in PostgreSQL is used to convert values from one data type to another. To convert a float to an integer using the cast function, we can use the following syntax:
SELECT CAST(float_column AS integer) FROM table_name;
In the above syntax, we replace float_column with the name of the column containing the float value we want to convert, and table_name with the name of the table the column belongs to.
Example:
Suppose we have a table called 'students' with a column called 'grade_point' that contains float values representing the grade point average of the students. To convert the grade point values to integer values, we would use the following SQL statement:
SELECT CAST(grade_point AS integer) FROM students;
Using the Round Function
The round function in PostgreSQL is used to round a number to a specified number of decimal places. To convert a float to an integer using the round function, we can specify zero decimal places, which effectively rounds the number to the nearest integer value.
The syntax for using the round function to convert a float to an integer is as follows:
SELECT ROUND(float_column, 0)::integer FROM table_name;
In the above syntax, we replace float_column with the name of the column containing the float value we want to convert, and table_name with the name of the table the column belongs to.
Example:
Suppose we have a table called 'sales' with a column called 'revenue' that contains float values representing the revenue generated by a particular product. To convert the revenue values to integer values, we would use the following SQL statement:
SELECT ROUND(revenue, 0)::integer FROM sales;
Conclusion
Converting a float to an integer in PostgreSQL is a quick and easy process that can be achieved in just a few simple steps. Whether using the cast function or the round function, PostgreSQL provides developers with a variety of options for manipulating and transforming their data to meet their needs. With these code examples, you can now confidently and effectively convert floats to integers in PostgreSQL.
Sure! Here are some additional details on the two main topics covered in the previous article:
Float Data Type
The float data type is a binary data type that represents a real number with a decimal point. It is commonly used to store values in scientific computing, finance, and other domains where precision is important. In PostgreSQL, there are two types of float data types: real and double precision.
The real data type is a floatingpoint data type that is singleprecision, meaning it takes up 4 bytes of storage. It can store up to 6 decimal digits of precision.
The double precision data type is a floatingpoint data type that is doubleprecision, meaning it takes up 8 bytes of storage. It can store up to 1516 decimal digits of precision.
When using the float data type in PostgreSQL and other programming languages, it's important to note that floatingpoint numbers are inherently imprecise due to the way they are stored in memory. This can lead to rounding errors and other issues, so it is important to use caution when working with float data types.
Int Data Type
The int data type, on the other hand, is a data type that represents a whole number without a decimal point. It is commonly used to store integer values such as IDs, counts, and other numerical values. In PostgreSQL, there are three types of integer data types: smallint, integer, and bigint.
The smallint data type is a twobyte integer that can store values between 32768 and 32767.
The integer data type is a fourbyte integer that can store values between 2147483648 and 2147483647.
The bigint data type is an eightbyte integer that can store values between 9223372036854775808 and 9223372036854775807.
When choosing which integer data type to use, it's important to consider the range of values you need to store. If you need to store very large integer values, the bigint data type would be a good choice. However, if you only need to store small integer values, using the smallint data type would be more efficient.
Overall, understanding the different data types in PostgreSQL, including the float and integer data types, is crucial for working with data effectively. By using the appropriate data type for each value, you can ensure that your data is stored accurately and efficiently.
Popular questions

What is a float data type in PostgreSQL?
Answer: A float, or floatingpoint number, is a binary data type that represents a real number with a decimal point. It can store a wider range of values than an integer but has less precision. 
What is an integer data type in PostgreSQL?
Answer: An integer, or int, is a data type that represents a whole number without a decimal point. It has a smaller range of values than a float but is more precise. 
How do you convert a float to an integer in PostgreSQL using the cast function?
Answer: To convert a float to an integer using the cast function, you can use the following syntax – SELECT CAST(float_column AS integer) FROM table_name. 
How do you convert a float to an integer in PostgreSQL using the round function?
Answer: To convert a float to an integer using the round function, you can use the following syntax – SELECT ROUND(float_column, 0)::integer FROM table_name. 
Why is it important to choose the appropriate data type for each value when working with PostgreSQL?
Answer: By using the appropriate data type for each value, you can ensure that your data is stored accurately and efficiently. This can help to avoid data corruption and improve the performance of your database.
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Conversion