react navbar material ui with code examples

Introduction:

React framework has become one of the most popular web development frameworks in recent years. React comes with a rich set of libraries and extensions that allow developers to create feature-rich web applications with stunning user interfaces and seamless user experiences. Material UI is a popular UI library for React applications that offers an intuitive approach to building elegant and responsive user interfaces with pre-designed components that are easy to integrate.

In this article, we will delve into how to create a Navbar with React Material UI and provide code samples to help guide you through the process.

Getting Started:

Firstly, you will need to set up a new React application. You can use create-react-app to create the application or create a new React application with your preferred method. Then, install the Material-UI library in your application by running:

npm install @material-ui/core

or using yarn:

yarn add @material-ui/core

Once the installation process is complete, we can go ahead and start building our Navbar.

Building the Navbar:

Creating a Navbar in Material UI involves making use of the AppBar component. This component is used to create a top-level app bar that is displayed across the top of the application. The AppBar component comes with built-in support for responsive design and allows you to easily incorporate navigation menus, branding and search functionality.

Here is an example of how to create a basic Navbar using the AppBar component from Material UI:

import React from 'react';
import { makeStyles } from '@material-ui/core/styles';
import AppBar from '@material-ui/core/AppBar';
import Toolbar from '@material-ui/core/Toolbar';
import Typography from '@material-ui/core/Typography';

const useStyles = makeStyles((theme) => ({
  appBar: {
    zIndex: theme.zIndex.drawer + 1,
  },
  title: {
    flexGrow: 1,
  },
}));

export default function Navbar() {
  const classes = useStyles();

  return (
    <AppBar position="fixed" className={classes.appBar}>
      <Toolbar>
        <Typography variant="h6" className={classes.title}>
          My Website
        </Typography>
      </Toolbar>
    </AppBar>
  );
}

In this example, we imported the necessary components from Material UI. We then created a custom navbar component called Navbar which renders an AppBar component. We made use of the makeStyles hook provided by Material UI to set up our styles.

We then specified that the AppBar component should be positioned at the top of the page using the position prop with the value fixed. We also passed in the className of our makeStyle function so that we can apply custom styles to the AppBar component.

To add branding to the Navbar, we made use of the Typography component and passed in the text "My Website" as its child. The Typography component has built-in support for typography, so we used the variant prop to specify the font size and style of the text displayed.

Adding Navigation Links:

Now that we have a basic Navbar set up, we can go ahead and add navigation links to it. For this purpose, we will make use of the Toolbar component provided by Material UI. The Toolbar component is used to add and arrange child components within the AppBar.

Here is an example of how to add navigation links to our Navbar:

import React from 'react';
import { makeStyles } from '@material-ui/core/styles';
import AppBar from '@material-ui/core/AppBar';
import Toolbar from '@material-ui/core/Toolbar';
import Typography from '@material-ui/core/Typography';
import Button from '@material-ui/core/Button';

const useStyles = makeStyles((theme) => ({
  appBar: {
    zIndex: theme.zIndex.drawer + 1,
  },
  title: {
    flexGrow: 1,
  },
  links: {
    '& > *': {
      margin: theme.spacing(1),
    },
  },
}));

export default function Navbar() {
  const classes = useStyles();

  return (
    <AppBar position="fixed" className={classes.appBar}>
      <Toolbar>
        <Typography variant="h6" className={classes.title}>
          My Website
        </Typography>
        <div className={classes.links}>
          <Button color="inherit">Home</Button>
          <Button color="inherit">About</Button>
          <Button color="inherit">Contact</Button>
        </div>
      </Toolbar>
    </AppBar>
  );
}

In this example, we first imported the Button component from Material UI. We have also added a new CSS class called "links" to add custom styles to our navigation links.

We then added the Toolbar component as a child of the AppBar component. Inside the Toolbar component, we added our branding Typography component and a new div element with the links class. We added the Home, About, and Contact links to the div element using the Button component. We also passed the "color=inherit" prop to the Button component to inherit the background color of the AppBar.

Customizing the Navbar:

The Material UI AppBar component comes with several customizable properties that you can use to tailor the Navbar to meet your application's unique design requirements. For instance, you can add background color, change the width of the Navbar, change the spacing between components, and add search functionality.

Here is an example of how to customize the background color of our Navbar:

import React from 'react';
import { makeStyles } from '@material-ui/core/styles';
import AppBar from '@material-ui/core/AppBar';
import Toolbar from '@material-ui/core/Toolbar';
import Typography from '@material-ui/core/Typography';
import Button from '@material-ui/core/Button';

const useStyles = makeStyles((theme) => ({
  appBar: {
    backgroundColor: '#0074D9',
    zIndex: theme.zIndex.drawer + 1,
  },
  title: {
    flexGrow: 1,
  },
  links: {
    '& > *': {
      margin: theme.spacing(1),
    },
  },
}));

export default function Navbar() {
  const classes = useStyles();

  return (
    <AppBar position="fixed" className={classes.appBar}>
      <Toolbar>
        <Typography variant="h6" className={classes.title}>
          My Website
        </Typography>
        <div className={classes.links}>
          <Button color="inherit">Home</Button>
          <Button color="inherit">About</Button>
          <Button color="inherit">Contact</Button>
        </div>
      </Toolbar>
    </AppBar>
  );
}

In this example, we used the makeStyles() hook to create custom styles for our AppBar. We added a new CSS property called backgroundColor and set it to #0074D9 to change the background color of the Navbar. We also set the zIndex property to ensure that the AppBar appears above other components on the page.

Conclusion:

In this article, we have covered how to create a responsive Navbar using Material UI and React. We showed you how to add navigation links, customize the background color of the Navbar, and add search functionality.

We hope you found this article helpful in creating your own Navbar. With Material UI and React, you can create beautiful and functional user interfaces quickly and easily. Happy coding!

let's dive deeper into some of the topics we covered in the previous article.

Responsive Design:

Material UI's AppBar component makes it easy to create a responsive Navbar that adapts to different screen sizes. By default, the AppBar component is positioned at the top of the page and spans across the full width of the screen. However, you can modify the width of the Navbar by using the CSS width property. Additionally, you can use the makeStyles() hook provided by Material UI to define styles that adapt to different screen sizes.

Here is an example of how to create a responsive Navbar:

import React from 'react';
import { makeStyles } from '@material-ui/core/styles';
import AppBar from '@material-ui/core/AppBar';
import Toolbar from '@material-ui/core/Toolbar';
import Typography from '@material-ui/core/Typography';
import Button from '@material-ui/core/Button';

const useStyles = makeStyles((theme) => ({
  appBar: {
    zIndex: theme.zIndex.drawer + 1,
    [theme.breakpoints.up('sm')]: {
      width: `calc(100% - ${theme.spacing(9)}px)`,
      marginLeft: theme.spacing(9),
    },
  },
  title: {
    flexGrow: 1,
  },
  links: {
    '& > *': {
      margin: theme.spacing(1),
    },
  },
}));

export default function Navbar() {
  const classes = useStyles();

  return (
    <AppBar position="fixed" className={classes.appBar}>
      <Toolbar>
        <Typography variant="h6" className={classes.title}>
          My Website
        </Typography>
        <div className={classes.links}>
          <Button color="inherit">Home</Button>
          <Button color="inherit">About</Button>
          <Button color="inherit">Contact</Button>
        </div>
      </Toolbar>
    </AppBar>
  );
}

In this example, we used the breakpoints property of the Material UI theme to add responsive behavior to our Navbar. We created a custom CSS property called appBar and set the width of the Navbar to 100% by default. However, we used the breakpoints.up() method to set the width of the Navbar to "calc(100% – 240px)" and add a margin of 240 pixels on devices with a screen size larger than 600px.

Search Functionality:

Material UI provides a SearchBar component that you can use to add search functionality to your Navbar. The SearchBar component is a Material UI wrapper around the react-search-field library. You can add search functionality to your Navbar by following these steps:

  1. Install the SearchBar component using npm or yarn:
npm install react-search-field
  1. Import the SearchBar component into your Navbar component:
import React from 'react';
import { makeStyles } from '@material-ui/core/styles';
import AppBar from '@material-ui/core/AppBar';
import Toolbar from '@material-ui/core/Toolbar';
import Typography from '@material-ui/core/Typography';
import Button from '@material-ui/core/Button';
import SearchBar from 'react-search-field';

const useStyles = makeStyles((theme) => ({
  appBar: {
    zIndex: theme.zIndex.drawer + 1,
  },
  title: {
    flexGrow: 1,
  },
  links: {
    '& > *': {
      margin: theme.spacing(1),
    },
  },
}));

export default function Navbar() {
  const classes = useStyles();

  return (
    <AppBar position="fixed" className={classes.appBar}>
      <Toolbar>
        <Typography variant="h6" className={classes.title}>
          My Website
        </Typography>
        <SearchBar placeholder="Search..." />
        <div className={classes.links}>
          <Button color="inherit">Home</Button>
          <Button color="inherit">About</Button>
          <Button color="inherit">Contact</Button>
        </div>
      </Toolbar>
    </AppBar>
  );
}
  1. Add the SearchBar component to your Navbar component.

In this example, we imported the SearchBar component from the react-search-field package. We added the SearchBar component between the Typography and Button components in our Toolbar. We also passed in a placeholder prop to the SearchBar component to display a message to users prompting them to search.

Conclusion:

Material UI offers a wide variety of components and UI elements that can help you create beautiful and feature-rich user interfaces quickly and easily. By using the AppBar component in combination with the SearchBar and other Material UI components, you can build powerful and intuitive navigation systems that enhance your users' experiences.

Popular questions

  1. What is Material UI?

Material UI is a popular UI library for React applications that offers an intuitive approach to building elegant and responsive user interfaces. It comes with pre-designed components that are easy to integrate and allows developers to create feature-rich web applications with stunning user interfaces and seamless user experiences.

  1. What is the AppBar component in Material UI?

The AppBar component is a Material UI component that is used to create a top-level app bar that is displayed across the top of the application. It comes with built-in support for responsive design and allows you to easily incorporate navigation menus, branding, and search functionality.

  1. How do you add navigation links to a Material UI Navbar?

To add navigation links to a Material UI Navbar, you can make use of the Toolbar component provided by Material UI. The Toolbar component is used to add and arrange child components within the AppBar. You can then add navigation links to the Toolbar using the Button component, specifying the "color=inherit" prop to inherit the background color of the AppBar.

  1. How do you create a responsive Navbar in Material UI?

Material UI offers the breakpoints property of the theme object that makes it easy to add responsive behavior to your Navbar. You can create a CSS property that sets the width of the Navbar to 100% by default, but modify that width and apply margin styles based on the screen size of the device, using the breakpoints.up() method with appropriate queries.

  1. How do you add search functionality to a Material UI Navbar?

To add search functionality to a Material UI Navbar, you can use the SearchBar component, a Material UI wrapper around the react-search-field library. You can start by installing the SearchBar component using npm or yarn, then import the component into your Navbar component and add it between the other components in the Toolbar. You can then pass in a placeholder prop to the SearchBar component to display a message to users prompting them to search.

Tag

"Navbarmaterial"

Cloud Computing and DevOps Engineering have always been my driving passions, energizing me with enthusiasm and a desire to stay at the forefront of technological innovation. I take great pleasure in innovating and devising workarounds for complex problems. Drawing on over 8 years of professional experience in the IT industry, with a focus on Cloud Computing and DevOps Engineering, I have a track record of success in designing and implementing complex infrastructure projects from diverse perspectives, and devising strategies that have significantly increased revenue. I am currently seeking a challenging position where I can leverage my competencies in a professional manner that maximizes productivity and exceeds expectations.
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