Revamp your web development skills with step-by-step guide on creating an Angular project using Visual Studio Code and real-world coding instances

Table of content

  1. Introduction to Angular
  2. Overview of Visual Studio Code
  3. Setting up an Angular Project
  4. Exploring the Angular Project Structure
  5. Working with Components
  6. Creating Services in Angular
  7. Handling Data with Observables
  8. Real-world Coding Instances

Introduction to Angular

Angular is a widely used open-source web application framework introduced by Google in 2010. It is known for its versatility, as it allows developers to build complex web applications with ease. The framework is based on TypeScript, which is a strongly typed superset of JavaScript, providing a more structured and scalable approach to web development.

Angular offers an extensive set of features and functions such as data binding, dependency injection, routing, and animations that make it easier to build dynamic, interactive websites. It follows the Model-View-Controller (MVC) architecture, which separates the application logic into three interconnected components, making it easier to manage and maintain.

Angular has since evolved to become Angular 2.0, and the latest version is Angular 12.0. Its simplified syntax and improved performance have made it a popular choice for building scalable and responsive web applications.

Whether you are a beginner or an experienced developer, Angular offers a broad range of resources and tools that can help you get started and elevate your web development skills. With its powerful features and ease of use, Angular has revolutionized web development, providing a seamless and efficient pathway towards building modern, interactive websites.

Overview of Visual Studio Code

Visual Studio Code (VS Code) is a free, open-source code editor developed by Microsoft. It has quickly become a popular choice among developers due to its powerful features and user-friendly interface. VS Code supports a wide range of programming languages and frameworks, making it a versatile tool for web development.

Here are some of the key features of Visual Studio Code:

  • IntelliSense: VS Code provides intelligent code completion, syntax highlighting, and error checking, making coding faster and more accurate.
  • Debugger: Debugging your code is made easy with VS Code's built-in debugger. You can set breakpoints, step through code, and inspect variables and objects to understand the behavior of your code.
  • Extensions: The VS Code Marketplace offers a range of extensions for additional features, including linters, Git integration, and code formatters.
  • Integrated Terminal: VS Code includes an integrated terminal, which allows you to run command-line tools directly within the editor.
  • Version Control: VS Code has built-in support for Git, making it easy to manage your code repository and collaborate with others.

In addition to these features, Visual Studio Code can be customized to suit your coding style and preferences. With its excellent support for Angular development, VS Code is an ideal choice for creating Angular projects.

Setting up an Angular Project

Before we can start building our Angular application, we need to create a project for it. Here are the steps to create a new Angular project using Visual Studio Code:

  1. Open Visual Studio Code and go to the command palette by pressing F1.
  2. Type in Angular and select Angular: New Application.
  3. Choose a name for your project and select a location to save it.
  4. Select the version of Angular you want to use (for example, Angular 12).
  5. Choose a stylesheet format (CSS, SCSS, etc.) and whether you want routing and strict mode enabled.
  6. Press Enter and wait for the project to be created.

Once your project is created, you can start exploring the files and folders that have been generated for you. The main files to look at are app.module.ts and app.component.ts, as these contain the code for your application's main module and component. You can start modifying these files to create your own application functionality.

In addition to the basic setup, you can also configure additional settings for your Angular project, such as adding dependencies or changing the build settings. These can be done using the angular.json file, which is located in the root of your project folder.

Overall, may seem daunting at first, but using Visual Studio Code and following the step-by-step guide makes it a streamlined process. With your project now set up, you can start creating your own Angular application using real-world coding instances!

Exploring the Angular Project Structure

When creating an Angular project using Visual Studio Code, it's important to understand the structure of the project. The project will have a set of files and folders that must be organized properly for the project to run smoothly. Here are some of the key files and folders to be aware of:

  • Node_modules folder: This folder contains all the external dependencies that the project needs to run. It's important to keep this folder up to date and properly installed as it's necessary for the project to function.

  • Src folder: This folder contains all the source code for the Angular app. From components to services, all the code is located in this folder.

  • App folder: The app folder located inside the Src folder is the main folder for the Angular app. This folder contains all the main components, services, and modules that make up the app.

  • Assets folder: This folder is used for storing static assets like images, videos, and other media files.

  • Index.html file: This file is the main HTML file for the Angular app. It contains the base structure of the app and provides a starting point for the app to load.

Understanding the structure of the Angular project is crucial for developing efficient and effective Angular apps. Take some time to explore the project structure and get familiar with the different files and folders that make up the app.

Working with Components

In Angular, components are the fundamental building blocks of any application. They are the individual units of the application that are responsible for rendering content on the screen, handling user input, and communicating with other components. Here are the key concepts you need to know when in Angular.

Creating Components

To create a new component in Angular, you can use the ng generate component command in the terminal. This will create a new component along with all the necessary files including the HTML template, CSS stylesheet, TypeScript file, and unit test file.

Using Components

To use a component in your application, you need to declare it in the app module and then add it to your application's template. This can be done by using the component's selector, which is a custom HTML tag that is defined in the component's TypeScript file.

Passing Data Between Components

One of the key advantages of using Angular is its ability to facilitate communication between components. You can pass data between components using input properties and output events. Input properties are used to pass data from a parent component to a child component, while output events are used to send data from a child component back to a parent component.

Component Lifecycle Hooks

Angular provides several lifecycle hooks that allow you to perform certain actions at specific points in a component's lifecycle. For example, the ngOnInit() hook is called when the component is initialized and can be used to perform any setup tasks that need to be done before the component is rendered.

is a crucial part of developing Angular applications. By understanding the basics of how components work and how to use them effectively, you can build robust and scalable applications that meet the needs of your users.

Creating Services in Angular

In Angular, a service is a class that provides a specific functionality to the components that use it. Creating services helps to keep your code modular and reusable, allowing you to separate business logic from the presentation layer.

Here are the steps to create a service in Angular:

  1. In your project folder, create a new directory called "services".
  2. Inside the "services" directory, create a new TypeScript file for your service, let's call it "example.service.ts".
  3. In the "example.service.ts" file, create a new class called ExampleService.
  4. Inside the ExampleService class, add the functionality that you want your service to provide. For example, a method to retrieve data from an API.
  5. In the same file, import any necessary modules or libraries.
  6. Add the @Injectable() decorator to the ExampleService class. This decorator makes the service injectable, meaning that it can be provided to components that require it.
  7. Finally, in the component that requires the ExampleService, import it and add it to the constructor.

Here's an example of an Angular service that retrieves data from an API:

import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';
import { HttpClient } from '@angular/common/http';

  providedIn: 'root'
export class ExampleService {
  constructor(private http: HttpClient) {}

  getData() {
    return this.http.get('');

In this example, we're using the HttpClient module to make HTTP requests to an API. The @Injectable() decorator is added to make the service injectable, and the data retrieval functionality is provided in the getData() method.

By , you can reuse functionality across different components, keeping your code efficient and maintainable.

Handling Data with Observables

Observables are a powerful tool for handling data in Angular projects. They provide a way to handle asynchronous data sources and make it simpler to write reactive code. Here are some key points to keep in mind when working with observables:

  • Observables are lazy. This means that they won't start emitting values until someone subscribes to them.
  • Observables can emit multiple values over time, making them ideal for handling streams of data.
  • Observables can be transformed using a variety of operators, such as map, filter, and merge.
  • Observables can also be combined with other observables to create new streams of data.

One common use case for observables is fetching data from an API. Here's an example of how this might look in an Angular component:

import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { HttpClient } from '@angular/common/http';
import { Observable } from 'rxjs';

  selector: 'app-my-component',
  templateUrl: './my-component.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./my-component.component.css']
export class MyComponent implements OnInit {
  data$: Observable<any>;

  constructor(private http: HttpClient) { }

  ngOnInit() {$ = this.http.get('');

In this example, we're using the HttpClient service to make an API call to We're then storing the resulting observable in a class property called data$. Note that we've appended a $ to the property name to indicate that it's an observable.

To consume the data in our template, we can use the async pipe:

  <li *ngFor="let item of data$ | async">{{ }}</li>

The async pipe subscribes to the observable and returns the latest value emitted by it. In this case, we're using *ngFor to loop over an array of items returned by the API, and displaying each item's name property.

Observables can be a bit tricky to wrap your head around at first, but they're a powerful tool for handling data in Angular. By using observables and the async pipe, you can make your code more reactive and handle asynchronous data sources more easily.

Real-world Coding Instances

are essential in web development as they expose developers to real-life scenarios and challenges that they may face in their development projects. There are several examples of real-life coding instances that web developers may encounter, including creating a registration form, a login page, an e-commerce website, or a blog site. These instances require developers to have practical skills and knowledge on how to code using specific programming languages, frameworks, and tools.

For instance, creating a registration form requires developers to understand HTML, CSS, and JavaScript concepts to ensure that the form's layout is responsive, and the user inputs are validated. Similarly, developing an e-commerce website requires developers to understand how to use Angular and Bootstrap frameworks to create a user-friendly interface that allows users to filter and search for products, add products to cart, make payments, and track orders.

may also include improving website speed, optimizing website images, and ensuring that the website is mobile-friendly. These instances may require developers to use tools such as Google's PageSpeed Insights, ImageOptim, and Bootstrap's responsive design features to ensure that the website meets the desired performance standards.

In conclusion, are vital in improving web development skills as they provide developers with practical skills and experience that they can use in their future projects. Web developers should focus on acquiring the necessary programming language, framework, and tool knowledge to ensure that they can handle various coding instances effectively.

As a developer, I have experience in full-stack web application development, and I'm passionate about utilizing innovative design strategies and cutting-edge technologies to develop distributed web applications and services. My areas of interest extend to IoT, Blockchain, Cloud, and Virtualization technologies, and I have a proficiency in building efficient Cloud Native Big Data applications. Throughout my academic projects and industry experiences, I have worked with various programming languages such as Go, Python, Ruby, and Elixir/Erlang. My diverse skillset allows me to approach problems from different angles and implement effective solutions. Above all, I value the opportunity to learn and grow in a dynamic environment. I believe that the eagerness to learn is crucial in developing oneself, and I strive to work with the best in order to bring out the best in myself.
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