# scatter density plot seaborn with code examples

Seaborn is a popular data visualization library built on top of Matplotlib, which provides a high-level interface for creating visually appealing charts. One of the plots that Seaborn is capable of creating is the scatter density plot, which combines the features of both scatter plots and density plots.

A scatter density plot is a chart that displays the distribution of data points by representing them as colored dots. The density part of the plot shows the density of data points in certain areas of the chart. Scatter density plots help identify clusters or patterns in data distributions, and they are useful in identifying outliers, trends, or correlations.

In this article, we will explore how to create scatter density plots using Seaborn, along with some code examples to help solidify our understanding.

Scatter Density Plot using Seaborn

To illustrate how to create a scatter density plot using Seaborn, let us start by importing the necessary libraries:

```import seaborn as sns
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
sns.set(style='white')
```

We will now create a sample dataset to work with, containing two variables `x` and `y`:

```import numpy as np
x = np.random.randn(1000)
y = np.random.randn(1000) + x
```

We will then proceed to create a scatter density plot using Seaborn's `jointplot()` function, which is specifically designed for creating bivariate plots:

```sns.jointplot(x=x, y=y, kind='hex', color='k')
plt.show()
```

The `kind` parameter is used to specify the kind of plot we want to create. In this case, we will use `'hex'` to represent each data point with a hexagonal bin, which is the default kind for `jointplot()`. The `color` parameter is used to specify the color of the hexagonal bins. Here, we will use the color black (`'k'`) to match the theme of the plot.

Scatter Density Plot with Marginal Distributions

We can also add marginal distributions on the x and y axes of the scatter density plot to visualize the univariate distributions of the variables in a bivariate plot. We can achieve this by passing the `kind` parameter with the value `'hex'` and setting the parameter `marginal_kws={'kde': True}`:

```sns.jointplot(x=x, y=y, kind='hex', color='k', marginal_kws={'kde': True})
plt.show()
```

Here, the `kde` parameter passed to `marginal_kws` instructs Seaborn to use a kernel density estimate plot to visualize the univariate distributions.

Scatter Density Plot with Regression Line

Another way to add more information to a scatter density plot is by adding a regression line that shows the trend of the relationship between the two variables in the plot. We can use the `regplot()` function to do this:

```sns.regplot(x=x, y=y, line_kws={'color': 'black'})
plt.show()
```

The `line_kws` parameter is used to add custom styling to the line plot. In this case, we will use the color black to match the theme of the plot.

Conclusion

In this article, we have explored how to create scatter density plots using Seaborn. We have seen how to adjust the parameters of the `jointplot()` function to add marginal distributions and how to use the `regplot()` function to add a regression line to the plot. With these tools, we can create scatter density plots that help us visualize the distribution, patterns, and relationships of data in a visually appealing and informative way.

let me dive deeper into the topics covered in the previous article.

Scatter Density Plot with Marginal Distributions

In Seaborn, we can also create scatter density plots with marginal distributions separately using the `sns.distplot()` function. To do this, we will use the `sns.jointplot()` function with the parameter `kind='hex'` to create the scatter density plot. Then, we will use the `sns.distplot()` function to create the marginal distributions.

```# Creating the scatter density plot
sns.jointplot(x=x, y=y, kind='hex', color='k')

# Creating the marginal distributions
sns.distplot(x, hist=False, rug=True, color='r')
sns.distplot(y, hist=False, rug=True, vertical=True, color='g')

plt.show()
```

Here, we are using the `hist` parameter with a value of `False` to prevent the `distplot()` function from displaying histograms. Instead, we are using the `rug` parameter with a value of `True` to display the marginal distributions as a rugplot. Additionally, we are using the `color` parameter to set the color of the rugplots for each variable.

Scatter Density Plot with Hexbin Color Map

In Seaborn, we can also customize the color map of the hexbin plot in the scatter density plot. This allows us to convey more information in the plot using color. To do this, we will use the `cmap` parameter with the name of the color map that we want to use.

```# Creating the scatter density plot
sns.jointplot(x=x, y=y, kind='hex', cmap='Blues')

plt.show()
```

Here, we are using the `cmap` parameter with a value of `'Blues'` to set the color map of the hexbin plot to a blue gradient.

Scatter Density Plot with KDE Contours

In Seaborn, we can also add contour lines to the scatter density plot using the `sns.kdeplot()` function. To do this, we will plot a univariate kernel density estimate for each variable using `sns.kdeplot()`, and then we will use the `sns.jointplot()` function with the parameter `kind='kde'` to create the scatter density plot with the contour lines.

```# Creating the kernel density estimates for each variable

# Creating the scatter density plot with contour lines
sns.jointplot(x=x, y=y, kind='kde', cmap='Blues')

plt.show()
```

In this example, we are using the `sns.kdeplot()` function to create univariate kernel density estimates for each variable. We are using the `shade` parameter with a value of `True` to fill the area under the curve. Additionally, we are using the `alpha` parameter to set the transparency of the density curves. Finally, we are using the `sns.jointplot()` function with the parameter `kind='kde'` to create the scatter density plot with the contour lines. We are also using the `cmap` parameter to set the color map of the plot to a blue gradient.

Conclusion

The scatter density plot is a powerful and visually appealing tool to visualize the relationship between two variables. In Seaborn, we have different ways to create and customize scatter density plots that can convey more information about the data. By combining different elements like contour lines, color maps, and marginal distributions to the plot, we can explore and extract valuable insights from our data.

## Popular questions

1. What is a scatter density plot in Seaborn?

A scatter density plot is a data visualization chart in Seaborn that combines scatter plots and density plots together to display the distribution of data points in certain areas of a chart. This plot is useful for identifying patterns, clusters, and outliers in data distributions.

1. How do you create a scatter density plot in Seaborn?

To create a scatter density plot in Seaborn, we first import the necessary libraries, create a sample dataset containing two variables, and then use the `sns.jointplot()` function with the `kind='hex'` parameter to create the plot.

1. How can you add marginal distributions to a scatter density plot?

We can add marginal distributions to a scatter density plot in Seaborn by using the `marginal_kws={'kde': True}` parameter in the `sns.jointplot()` function. This parameter instructs Seaborn to use a kernel density estimate plot to visualize the univariate distributions.

1. How can you customize the color map in a scatter density plot?

In Seaborn, we can customize the color map of the hexbin plot in a scatter density plot by using the `cmap` parameter in the `sns.jointplot()` function. This parameter takes the name of the color map that we want to use.

1. How can you add contour lines to a scatter density plot?

In Seaborn, we can add contour lines to a scatter density plot by using the `sns.kdeplot()` function to create kernel density estimates for each variable, and then use the `sns.jointplot()` function with the `kind='kde'` parameter to create the scatter density plot with the contour lines.

### Tag

Scatterplot.

##### Sricharan S
As an experienced software engineer, I have a strong background in the financial services industry. Throughout my career, I have honed my skills in a variety of areas, including public speaking, HTML, JavaScript, leadership, and React.js. My passion for software engineering stems from a desire to create innovative solutions that make a positive impact on the world. I hold a Bachelor of Technology in IT from Sri Ramakrishna Engineering College, which has provided me with a solid foundation in software engineering principles and practices. I am constantly seeking to expand my knowledge and stay up-to-date with the latest technologies in the field. In addition to my technical skills, I am a skilled public speaker and have a talent for presenting complex ideas in a clear and engaging manner. I believe that effective communication is essential to successful software engineering, and I strive to maintain open lines of communication with my team and clients.
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