As a Linux user, you may need to check the DNS server configuration of your system at some point. There are different ways to do that, but we will show you how to view your DNS server IP addresses and settings using different methods and command-line tools.
Before we start, let's have a look at what DNS servers are and their importance.
Domain Name System (DNS) is a protocol used to translate domain names into IP addresses. When you browse the internet, your device sends an HTTP request to a server to access a website. However, you do not enter the IP address of the website directly but a domain name such as google.com or facebook.com. Your system then sends a request to the DNS server to translate the domain name into an IP address, which is the actual identifier of the server on the internet.
As a result, the DNS server is responsible for resolving domain names to IP addresses, allowing your system to communicate with other devices on the internet. If your DNS server settings are incorrect or misconfigured, you may have problems accessing websites, and your internet connection may be slow.
Now, back to the main topic, let's explore some ways to view your DNS server configuration.
Method 1: Using the resolv.conf file
The resolv.conf file is a configuration file that stores the DNS resolver configuration of your Linux system. If your system uses the traditional SysV init system or systemd, this file is usually located in the /etc directory.
To display the DNS server configurations saved in your resolv.conf file, open your terminal and enter the following command:
The output will provide information about your system's configured DNS servers, such as their IP addresses, domain names, and search domains.
nameserver 220.127.116.11 nameserver 18.104.22.168
In the above example, the DNS servers are set to Google's public DNS.
Method 2: Using the nmcli tool
The Network Manager command-line interface (nmcli) tool is a powerful utility that allows you to configure and manage network settings on Linux systems. It comes pre-installed on most Linux distributions and provides a simple way to view DNS server configurations.
To display your system's DNS server configuration using nmcli, open your terminal and enter the following command:
nmcli dev show | grep DNS
The output will display the DNS server IP addresses of your system, as shown in the following example:
IP4.DNS: 22.214.171.124 IP4.DNS: 126.96.36.199
Method 3: Using the systemd-resolve tool
The systemd-resolve tool is a system utility that runs as a DNS resolver on systems that use the systemd initialization system. It provides advanced DNS resolution capabilities and can help you view your DNS server configuration.
To view your DNS server configuration using systemd-resolve, open your terminal and enter the following command:
systemd-resolve --status | grep -A 8 'DNS Servers'
The output will display your system's DNS server configuration, including IP addresses, as shown in the following example:
DNS Servers: 188.8.131.52 184.108.40.206
In conclusion, we have explored three different ways to view your DNS server configuration on Linux systems using command-line tools. These methods are useful when troubleshooting internet connectivity issues or checking network configurations.
Understanding your DNS server configuration is essential if you want to maintain good network performance and ensure a stable internet connection. If you are encountering issues with your DNS server, try the solutions we have presented, or contact your network administrator for further assistance.
let's dive a little deeper into some of the topics we covered.
DNS Server Configuration
In addition to viewing your DNS server configuration, you may also need to update or change it. This is necessary when you want to use a different DNS server or when there are issues with your current configuration. To do this, you can modify the /etc/resolv.conf file manually or use network manager tools like nmcli or nm-connection-editor.
To modify the resolv.conf file, open it in a text editor with administrative privileges such as nano or vim and make changes to the nameserver line. For example, to set your DNS server to Cloudflare's public DNS servers, use the following configuration:
nameserver 220.127.116.11 nameserver 18.104.22.168
Once you have made the changes, save the file and restart the networking service using the following command:
sudo service networking restart
Alternatively, you can use nmcli to update your DNS configuration. For example, to add a new DNS server to a connection named "eth0", use the following command:
nmcli con mod eth0 ipv4.dns "22.214.171.124 126.96.36.199"
This command sets the DNS server to Google's public DNS servers and updates the network connection named "eth0". Once you have updated the configuration, you can restart the network service or reboot your system to apply the changes.
When you encounter issues with your DNS server, it can affect your internet connection, and you may not be able to access certain websites or services. To troubleshoot DNS issues, you can use several command-line tools like dig, nslookup, and ping.
For example, to check the DNS resolution of a domain name using dig, enter the following command:
This command sends a DNS request to your configured DNS server and displays the results, including the IP address of the domain name and other DNS parameters.
Another useful tool for DNS troubleshooting is nslookup. This tool can provide detailed DNS information, including reverse DNS lookups. To use nslookup, enter the following command:
This will provide information about the domain name, including its IP address and DNS server information.
If you suspect that your DNS server is not responding or is slow, you can use the ping command to test the response time. For example, to check the response time of Google's public DNS servers, use the following command:
This command sends a ping request to the server and displays the response time, packet loss, and other details.
In conclusion, understanding DNS server configuration and troubleshooting techniques is crucial for maintaining a stable and secure internet connection. By using the command-line tools mentioned above, you can easily view your DNS configuration, update it when necessary, and troubleshoot any issues that arise.
Sure, here are five potential questions about seeing DNS servers on Linux and their corresponding answers:
- How can I view the IP addresses of my DNS servers on Linux?
You can use several different methods to view the IP addresses of your DNS servers on Linux, including checking the /etc/resolv.conf file, using the nmcli tool, or utilizing the systemd-resolve tool. For example, to view your DNS server configuration with the resolv.conf file, you can enter the command "cat /etc/resolv.conf" in the terminal.
- What is the purpose of the DNS server on Linux?
The DNS server on Linux is responsible for translating domain names into IP addresses, allowing users to access websites and servers on the internet. Without DNS resolution, users would need to enter IP addresses manually to connect to remote machines, which would be inconvenient and error-prone.
- How do I update my DNS server configuration on Linux?
To update your DNS server configuration on Linux, you can modify the /etc/resolv.conf file manually or use network manager tools like nmcli. For example, to add a new DNS server to a connection named "eth0" using nmcli, you can enter the command "nmcli con mod eth0 ipv4.dns '188.8.131.52 184.108.40.206'"
- What should I do if my DNS server is not responding on Linux?
If your DNS server is not responding on Linux, you can try troubleshooting the issue with tools like dig, nslookup, and ping. These tools can help you identify issues with your DNS settings, test connectivity to remote servers, and verify that your DNS server is online and available.
- What are some common DNS server troubleshooting techniques on Linux?
Common DNS server troubleshooting techniques on Linux include checking your system's firewall settings, verifying that your DNS server is running and available, checking your DNS server configuration for errors, and testing connectivity to remote servers using tools like dig, nslookup, and ping. By using these techniques, you can identify and resolve DNS-related issues on Linux more effectively.