sql convert date format with code examples

SQL provides several functions for converting date and time data into various formats. Converting date formats can be useful for visualizing or comparing dates in reports, or for storing date data in a specific format in the database.

Here are some of the most commonly used SQL functions for converting date formats, along with code examples:

  1. CONVERT function:

The CONVERT function is used to format date and time data into a specified style. It takes two arguments: the data type and the expression. The following are the most commonly used styles for converting dates:

  • Style 101: Mon dd yyyy hh:miAM (or PM)
  • Style 102: Mon dd yyyy hh:mi:ss:mmmAM (or PM)
  • Style 103: dd/mm/yyyy
  • Style 104: dd.mm.yyyy
  • Style 105: dd-mm-yyyy

Example:

SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(10), GETDATE(), 105) AS 'Date in dd-mm-yyyy format'

Output:

07-02-2023
  1. FORMAT function:

The FORMAT function is used to format date and time data into a specified format. It is similar to the CONVERT function, but with a few differences. The first argument is the expression that needs to be formatted, the second argument is the format string.

Example:

SELECT FORMAT(GETDATE(), 'dd/MM/yyyy') AS 'Date in dd/MM/yyyy format'

Output:

07/02/2023
  1. TO_CHAR function:

The TO_CHAR function is used to convert a date or a timestamp data type to a character string. It takes two arguments: the date or timestamp expression and the format string.

Example:

SELECT TO_CHAR(SYSDATE, 'dd-MM-yyyy') AS 'Date in dd-MM-yyyy format'

Output:

07-02-2023
  1. TO_DATE function:

The TO_DATE function is used to convert a character string into a date. It takes two arguments: the string expression and the format string.

Example:

SELECT TO_DATE('07-02-2023', 'dd-mm-yyyy') AS 'Date in dd-mm-yyyy format'

Output:

07-FEB-23

In conclusion, SQL provides several functions for converting date and time data into various formats. By using the CONVERT, FORMAT, TO_CHAR, or TO_DATE functions, you can format date data according to your needs and requirements. By using the correct format string, you can ensure that your date data is stored in the correct format in your database.
In addition to converting date formats, SQL also provides several functions for working with date and time data. Some of the most commonly used functions are:

  1. DATEADD function:

The DATEADD function is used to add a specified time interval to a date. It takes three arguments: the interval to be added, the number of intervals to add, and the date expression.

Example:

SELECT DATEADD(month, 2, GETDATE()) AS 'Date after 2 months'

Output:

04-Apr-2023
  1. DATEDIFF function:

The DATEDIFF function is used to calculate the difference between two dates. It takes three arguments: the interval, the start date, and the end date.

Example:

SELECT DATEDIFF(day, '2022-12-31', GETDATE()) AS 'Days between 31st Dec 2022 and today'

Output:

37
  1. DATEPART function:

The DATEPART function is used to extract a specified part of a date. It takes two arguments: the interval and the date expression.

Example:

SELECT DATEPART(year, GETDATE()) AS 'Year'

Output:

2023
  1. GETDATE function:

The GETDATE function is used to retrieve the current date and time.

Example:

SELECT GETDATE() AS 'Current Date and Time'

Output:

07-Feb-2023 15:13:08.173
  1. YEAR, MONTH, DAY functions:

The YEAR, MONTH, and DAY functions are used to extract the year, month, and day part of a date, respectively.

Example:

SELECT YEAR(GETDATE()) AS 'Year', MONTH(GETDATE()) AS 'Month', DAY(GETDATE()) AS 'Day'

Output:

Year   Month   Day
2023   2       7

In conclusion, SQL provides a rich set of functions for working with date and time data. By using these functions, you can perform various operations on date and time data, such as converting formats, adding or subtracting intervals, extracting parts of a date, and retrieving the current date and time. These functions can be useful for generating reports, performing data analysis, or managing data in your database.

Popular questions

  1. What is the purpose of converting date formats in SQL?

The purpose of converting date formats in SQL is to change the way dates are displayed or stored in the database. This can be done to improve readability, compatibility with other systems, or to meet specific business requirements.

  1. How can I convert a date format in SQL?

You can convert a date format in SQL by using the CONVERT function. The CONVERT function takes two arguments: the target data type and an expression to be converted. To convert a date to a different format, you can specify the desired format style as the target data type.

Example:

SELECT CONVERT(varchar, GETDATE(), 106) AS 'Converted Date'

Output:

07-Feb-2023
  1. What are some common date format styles in SQL?

SQL provides several date format styles that you can use with the CONVERT function. Some of the most commonly used date format styles are:

  • Style 101: mm/dd/yyyy
  • Style 102: yyyy.mm.dd
  • Style 103: dd/mm/yyyy
  • Style 104: dd.mm.yyyy
  • Style 105: dd-mm-yyyy
  1. Can I use other date and time functions along with the CONVERT function?

Yes, you can use other date and time functions along with the CONVERT function. For example, you can combine the CONVERT function with the GETDATE function to convert the current date and time to a different format.

Example:

SELECT CONVERT(varchar, GETDATE(), 105) AS 'Current Date'

Output:

07-02-2023
  1. How can I convert a string representation of a date to a date data type in SQL?

To convert a string representation of a date to a date data type in SQL, you can use the CAST or CONVERT function. The CAST function takes an expression and a target data type as arguments, while the CONVERT function takes three arguments: the target data type, the expression, and the desired format style.

Example:

SELECT CAST('2023-02-07' AS DATE) AS 'Converted Date'

Output:

2023-02-07

Note that you need to specify the correct format of the string representation of the date to ensure a successful conversion. If the format is incorrect, the conversion will fail and an error message will be displayed.

Tag

Datetime

Throughout my career, I have held positions ranging from Associate Software Engineer to Principal Engineer and have excelled in high-pressure environments. My passion and enthusiasm for my work drive me to get things done efficiently and effectively. I have a balanced mindset towards software development and testing, with a focus on design and underlying technologies. My experience in software development spans all aspects, including requirements gathering, design, coding, testing, and infrastructure. I specialize in developing distributed systems, web services, high-volume web applications, and ensuring scalability and availability using Amazon Web Services (EC2, ELBs, autoscaling, SimpleDB, SNS, SQS). Currently, I am focused on honing my skills in algorithms, data structures, and fast prototyping to develop and implement proof of concepts. Additionally, I possess good knowledge of analytics and have experience in implementing SiteCatalyst. As an open-source contributor, I am dedicated to contributing to the community and staying up-to-date with the latest technologies and industry trends.
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