Unleash the Power of XML in Magento 2: How to Call a Static Block with Code Examples

Table of content

  1. Introduction
  2. Understanding XML in Magento 2
  3. Benefits of Using Static Blocks
  4. Steps to Create a Static Block in Magento 2 using XML
  5. Code Example: Calling a Static Block in Magento 2 using XML
  6. Advanced Techniques for Utilizing XML in Magento 2
  7. Conclusion


XML is a markup language that is widely used in web development. In Magento 2, XML plays a crucial role in defining the layout of pages and blocks, as well as customizing the functionality of the platform. One of the most useful features of XML in Magento 2 is the ability to call static blocks, which can be used to display content in specific locations on a page.

In this article, we will explore how to unleash the power of XML in Magento 2 by learning how to call a static block. We will provide code examples and step-by-step instructions to help you understand the process of using XML to customize your Magento 2 store. Whether you are a developer or a beginner, this guide will provide you with the knowledge and tools you need to take advantage of this powerful feature in Magento 2.

Understanding XML in Magento 2

If you're working with Magento 2, you'll need to become familiar with XML. XML (eXtensible Markup Language) is a standard method of describing data that allows different applications to communicate with each other. In Magento 2, XML is used extensively to configure various aspects of the platform, including layout files, blocks, and themes.

Here are some key concepts to keep in mind when working with XML in Magento 2:

  • Tags: In XML, data is structured using tags, which indicate the beginning and end of elements. For example, <foo> might indicate the start of an element named "foo."
  • Attributes: Tags can also include attributes, which provide additional information about an element. Attributes are always set within the opening tag and their names and values are separated by an equals sign. For example, <foo bar="baz"> might indicate that the "foo" element has an attribute named "bar" with a value of "baz."
  • Layout files: In Magento 2, XML is used to configure layout XML files. These files define the structure and placement of various page elements (e.g. blocks, containers, and widgets) on a page.
  • Static blocks: In Magento 2, you can define static blocks using XML. A static block is a piece of content (e.g. a banner, a promotional message, or an image) that you can place anywhere on your site without having to edit the code. You can define and customize static blocks in Magento 2 using XML.

By understanding these key concepts, you'll be able to work more effectively with XML in Magento 2 and begin unlocking the full potential of this powerful platform.

Benefits of Using Static Blocks

Static blocks are an important feature of Magento 2 that can provide many benefits to your online store. Here are some of the key advantages of using static blocks:

  • Customization: Static blocks allow you to customize your online store in a multitude of ways. You can add additional text, images, and other content to your pages, as well as modify the layout and format of your pages to suit your needs.

  • Consistency: Static blocks help to ensure that your online store remains consistent across all pages. By creating a static block with commonly used elements, such as headers, footers, and banners, you can easily reuse these elements on multiple pages without having to recreate them each time.

  • Ease of Management: Static blocks are easy to manage and edit using the Magento 2 admin panel. You can easily create, edit, and delete static blocks, and even schedule them to automatically appear or expire at specific times.

  • Improved User Experience: Static blocks can help to improve the user experience of your online store. By adding additional content or information to your pages, you can provide users with more information and make it easier for them to navigate your site.

Overall, static blocks are a powerful tool for customizing and improving the functionality of your online store. By using them creatively and strategically, you can help to create a more engaging, user-friendly, and consistent experience for your customers.

Steps to Create a Static Block in Magento 2 using XML

Static blocks in Magento 2 are pieces of content that can be reused across your website. They are commonly used for promotional banners, contact information, or even custom HTML. Follow these simple :

  1. Log in to your Magento 2 admin panel and navigate to the "Content" tab on the left-hand side of the screen.

  2. Click on the "Blocks" option under the "Elements" section.

  3. Click on the "Add New Block" button located in the top right-hand corner.

  4. In the "Block Title" field, give your new static block a unique name.

  5. In the "Identifier" field, enter a unique identifier for your new static block. This identifier will be used later to call the block in your XML code.

  6. In the "Content" field, add your custom HTML or other content for your new static block.

  7. Under the "Storefront Properties" section, choose which store view(s) you want the static block to appear on.

  8. Once you have filled out all the necessary fields, click on the "Save Block" button.

  9. Now that you have created a new static block, you can call it using XML code. To do this, navigate to the "Content" tab once again and click on the "Layout" option under the "Elements" section.

  10. Select the page where you want to place your new static block and click on the "Edit" button for that page.

  11. In the XML code editor, add the following code to call your new static block:

<referenceContainer name="content">
    <block class="Magento\Cms\Block\Block" name="your_block_identifier">
            <argument name="block_id" xsi:type="string">your_block_identifier</argument>
  1. Replace "your_block_identifier" with the identifier you entered for your new static block.

  2. Save the page and clear your Magento cache.

  3. Visit the page where you added the XML code and see your new static block in action!

Creating a static block in Magento 2 using XML is a simple and effective way to add custom content to your website. By following these steps, you can quickly create and call a new static block, helping you to meet the unique needs of your online store.

Code Example: Calling a Static Block in Magento 2 using XML

If you want to display a static block in a specific location on your Magento 2 website, you can do so by calling the block using XML. Here's how:

  1. Determine where you want to display the block. This could be on a category page, product page, or another location.

  2. Find the XML file for the page where you want to display the block. This file will typically be located in the /app/design/frontend/{Vendor}/{Theme}/layout directory.

  3. Open the XML file and add the following code snippet where you want the block to appear:

    <referenceContainer name="{container_name}">
      <block class="{block_class}" name="{block_name}" template="{template_file}" />
  4. Replace the placeholders with the following information:

    • {container_name}: The name of the container where you want to display the block. Common container names include "content", "sidebar_main", and "main".

    • {block_class}: The PHP class of the block. This should be "Magento\Cms\Block\Block" for static blocks.

    • {block_name}: A unique identifier for the block. This can be any string you like.

    • {template_file}: The path to the .phtml file for the block. This should be in the format "Magento_Theme::{path_to_file}.phtml".

  5. Save the XML file and clear Magento's cache.

  6. Go to the Magento admin panel and create a new static block with the same identifier as {block_name}.

  7. Add your content to the static block and save it.

  8. Refresh your website and the static block should now appear in the location you specified.

By following these steps, you can easily add static blocks to your Magento 2 website using XML. This provides a flexible and powerful way to customize the layout and content of your online store.

Advanced Techniques for Utilizing XML in Magento 2

If you want to take your Magento 2 development skills to the next level, you need to learn how to harness the power of XML. XML is a markup language that provides a structured format for data exchange between applications. In Magento 2, XML files are used extensively to define the structure and layout of themes, layouts, and other elements of the Magento ecosystem.

Here are some :

  • Modifying existing XML files – Magento 2 contains a variety of XML files that define the behavior of different elements of the system. To modify these files, you need to create a new XML file that contains the changes you want to make. You can then merge this new XML file with the original file using the <merge> directive.

  • Creating custom XML files – In addition to modifying existing XML files, you can create your own custom XML files to define new elements and behavior in Magento 2. Custom XML files are typically added to your Magento 2 module, and can be used to define new layouts, blocks, observers, and more.

  • Using XML layouts – Magento 2 uses XML layouts to define the structure and placement of different elements on a page. By creating custom XML layouts, you can customize the appearance and behavior of your site or application. XML layouts can be created using a variety of directives, including <referenceBlock>, <referenceContainer>, and <move>.

  • Calling a static block with XML – One common use case for XML in Magento 2 is to call a static block. Static blocks are reusable pieces of content that can be included on multiple pages of a site. To call a static block using XML, you need to create a custom XML layout file that includes the <block> directive. Within the <block> directive, you can specify the name of the static block and how it should be displayed on the page.

Utilizing these advanced XML techniques can help you create more powerful and customized Magento 2 applications. By mastering XML in Magento 2, you can take full control of the structure, behavior, and appearance of your site or application.


In , using XML to call a static block in Magento 2 is a powerful tool that can help developers streamline their workflow and create more dynamic and user-friendly e-commerce websites. By using the layout XML files and referencing the static block identifier, developers can easily customize the appearance and content of their pages without touching the template files or resorting to custom code. This not only saves time and effort, but it also makes it easier to update and maintain the website in the long run.

With the code examples and explanations provided in this article, developers should now have a better understanding of how XML works in Magento 2 and how it can be used to call static blocks. However, it's important to note that XML is just one aspect of Magento 2 development, and there are many other features and tools that developers should be familiar with in order to create great e-commerce websites. By keeping up to date with the latest trends and best practices in Magento 2 development, developers can ensure that their websites are both functional and engaging for users.

Cloud Computing and DevOps Engineering have always been my driving passions, energizing me with enthusiasm and a desire to stay at the forefront of technological innovation. I take great pleasure in innovating and devising workarounds for complex problems. Drawing on over 8 years of professional experience in the IT industry, with a focus on Cloud Computing and DevOps Engineering, I have a track record of success in designing and implementing complex infrastructure projects from diverse perspectives, and devising strategies that have significantly increased revenue. I am currently seeking a challenging position where I can leverage my competencies in a professional manner that maximizes productivity and exceeds expectations.
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