Unleash Your Coding Potential: Step-by-Step Guide to Installing Golang on Linux Ubuntu with Easy-to-Follow Code Examples

Table of content

  1. Introduction
  2. Why Install Golang on Linux Ubuntu?
  3. System Requirements
  4. Install Golang on Linux Ubuntu with APT Package Manager
  5. Install Golang on Linux Ubuntu from Golang Repository
  6. Setting Up the Go Environment variables
  7. Testing Your Golang Installation
  8. Conclusion


In the world of programming, it's not uncommon for developers to explore new languages and platforms to expand their skillset and uncover new possibilities. Golang, also known as Go, is one such language that has been gaining popularity in recent years due to its speed, simplicity, and concurrency support. In this guide, we will walk you through the step-by-step process of installing Golang on Linux Ubuntu and provide you with easy-to-follow code examples to help you unleash your coding potential.

Whether you're an experienced programmer or just starting out, Golang can offer a lot in terms of optimization, productivity, and ease of use. With its focus on simplicity and efficiency, Golang has become the go-to choice for building modern web applications, cloud services, and distributed systems. It's also a popular choice for developers who want to leverage Golang's built-in testing and profiling tools, as well as its support for concurrent programming.

To get started with Golang, you'll need to follow a few steps to install it on your Linux Ubuntu system. Our guide will provide you with detailed instructions on how to download and install the necessary packages, set up your environment variables, and run your first program. We'll also cover some of the basic concepts and syntax of Golang, including data types, functions, and operators, to get you up and running quickly.

By the end of this guide, you'll have a solid understanding of how to install and use Golang on Linux Ubuntu, and you'll be ready to start exploring the many benefits and possibilities that this powerful language has to offer. So, let's get started and unleash your coding potential with Golang!

Why Install Golang on Linux Ubuntu?

Installing Golang on Linux Ubuntu can be a great way to unleash your coding potential. Golang, also known as Go, is a popular programming language that was developed at Google. It is designed to be fast, efficient, and easy to learn. Golang is particularly well-suited for building large-scale distributed systems and web applications.

Linux Ubuntu is a popular operating system for developers, especially those working with open-source technologies. Installing Golang on Linux Ubuntu can give you access to a robust set of tools and libraries for your coding needs. Additionally, Golang is an open-source language, which means that it has a large community of developers who contribute to its growth and evolution.

One of the key reasons to install Golang on Linux Ubuntu is that it is a versatile language that can be used for a wide range of applications. Whether you're building a web application, working with databases, or creating a network application, Golang has the tools and libraries you need to get the job done. It is also fast and efficient, which is especially important if you're working on a large-scale project where performance matters.

Another reason to use Golang on Linux Ubuntu is that it is easy to learn and use. The language has a simple syntax that is easy to read and write, even for beginners. It also has a robust set of documentation and tutorials that can help you get started quickly. As you become more familiar with the language, you can take advantage of its more advanced features, such as concurrency and garbage collection.

Overall, if you're a developer looking to unleash your coding potential, installing Golang on Linux Ubuntu is a great place to start. With its versatility, speed, and ease of use, Golang can help you build powerful applications that stand out in a crowded marketplace.

System Requirements

Before you can start installing Golang on your Linux Ubuntu machine, you need to make sure that your system meets the necessary requirements. Here are the minimum for installing and running Golang:

  • Ubuntu version 16.04 or later
  • A 64-bit processor
  • At least 2GB of RAM
  • At least 2GB of available disk space

It is important to note that these are the minimum requirements, and you may need more powerful hardware if you plan to work on large projects or run intensive programs. Additionally, Golang is designed to be efficient and lightweight, so it should not put too much strain on your system resources.

While Golang can be installed on other operating systems as well, this guide focuses specifically on the installation process for Linux Ubuntu. If you are using a different operating system, you should consult the official Golang documentation for more information on and installation instructions.

Install Golang on Linux Ubuntu with APT Package Manager

To install Golang on Linux Ubuntu using the APT package manager, first, update the package index by typing "sudo apt-get update" in the terminal. This command will retrieve the latest list of packages from the Ubuntu repositories. Secondly, run the installation command "sudo apt-get install golang" to install Golang on your system.

After the installation is complete, confirm that Golang is successfully installed by running the command "go version" in the terminal. This should display the version of Golang installed on your system.

The APT package manager makes installing Golang on Linux Ubuntu a breeze. It takes care of dependencies and ensures that all necessary packages are installed for Golang to function correctly. Additionally, because APT is one of the most popular package management systems in the Linux world, there is a large community of developers and users who can provide support and guidance should any issues arise.

By following these steps, you can quickly and easily install Golang on your Linux Ubuntu system and start unleashing your coding potential.

Install Golang on Linux Ubuntu from Golang Repository

One of the easiest ways to install Golang on Linux Ubuntu is through the Golang repository. This method guarantees that you’ll get the latest version of Golang, so you can enjoy cutting-edge features and improvements.

To get started, you’ll need to add the Golang repository to your system by running the following command:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:longsleep/golang-backports

After that, you’ll need to update your system package list by running:

sudo apt update

Once the package list is updated, you can install Golang by running:

sudo apt install golang-go

The installation process should only take a few minutes, depending on the speed of your internet connection.

After the installation is complete, you can check if Golang is installed correctly by running the following command:

go version

If everything went smoothly, the output should look something like this:

go version go1.16.7 linux/amd64

Congratulations! You’ve successfully installed Golang on Linux Ubuntu.

One thing to keep in mind is that the Golang repository may not always have the most up-to-date version of Golang available. If you need the latest features or improvements, you may need to explore other installation options, such as downloading the binary directly from the Golang website.

Setting Up the Go Environment variables

When setting up the Go programming environment on Linux Ubuntu, it's important to configure the Go environment variables correctly. Environment variables are system-wide variables that can be accessed from any software running on the system. In the Go programming language, environment variables control various aspects of the language and its tools, such as the location of the Go installation directory and the location of the GOPATH (the Go workspace).

To set up the Go environment variables, open the terminal and edit the ".bashrc" file, which is a shell script that gets executed every time the terminal is opened. Add the following lines to the end of the ".bashrc" file:

export GOROOT=/usr/local/go
export GOPATH=$HOME/go
export PATH=$PATH:$GOROOT/bin:$GOPATH/bin

The first line sets the location of the Go installation directory to "/usr/local/go". The second line sets the location of the Go workspace to "$HOME/go" (which is a directory in the user's home directory). The third line adds the "bin" subdirectories of both the Go installation directory and the Go workspace to the system's PATH variable, so that the Go tools can be accessed from any directory.

After adding these lines to the ".bashrc" file, save and close the file, and then run the following command to source the changes:

source ~/.bashrc

This will update the current terminal session with the new environment variables. To verify that everything is working correctly, run the following command:

go version

This should output the version number of the installed Go compiler, indicating that Go has been installed correctly and that the environment variables have been set up correctly.

is an important step in getting started with Go programming. By following these steps, you'll be able to quickly and easily start writing Go code on your Linux Ubuntu system.

Testing Your Golang Installation

When it comes to , the process is relatively straightforward. After installing Golang on your Linux Ubuntu system, you can quickly check whether everything is working as expected by performing a simple test.

First, open a new terminal window and type 'go version' (without quotes) to check the version of Golang that you have installed on your system. If everything is working correctly, the terminal should display the version number of your installed Golang instance.

Next, create a new file 'hello.go' (without quotes) and open it in a code editor. Add the following code to the file:

package main

import "fmt"

func main() {
    fmt.Println("Hello, world!")

Save the file and navigate to its directory in the terminal by running 'cd /path/to/file/' (without quotes) where '/path/to/file/' is the file path on your system.

Finally, run the command 'go run hello.go' (without quotes) in the terminal. This command compiles the code in the file that you created and then executes it. If everything is working correctly, the output in the terminal should show the phrase 'Hello, world!'.

This test not only checks whether Golang is installed correctly but also shows that you can create and run a working Golang program on your system. Once you have successfully completed this test, you are ready to start writing Golang programs on your Linux Ubuntu system.


In , installing Golang on Linux Ubuntu is a simple and straightforward process that can unleash your coding potential. With easy-to-follow code examples and step-by-step guides, getting started with Golang is easier than ever before. Whether you are an experienced programmer or a beginner, Golang's simplicity and efficiency make it a powerful tool for building robust and scalable applications.

By learning Golang, you join a thriving community of developers who are passionate about building great software. Not only does Golang offer excellent memory management and concurrency support, but it also delivers exceptional performance for large-scale applications. With its fast build times and efficient execution, Golang has become a popular choice for building microservices, web applications, and even operating systems.

So if you want to take your coding skills to the next level, start exploring Golang today. By following our step-by-step guide and practicing with code examples, you can begin building powerful applications and leveraging the full potential of this exciting programming language. Whether you are building a simple web app or a complex distributed system, Golang is an excellent choice for your next project.

I am a driven and diligent DevOps Engineer with demonstrated proficiency in automation and deployment tools, including Jenkins, Docker, Kubernetes, and Ansible. With over 2 years of experience in DevOps and Platform engineering, I specialize in Cloud computing and building infrastructures for Big-Data/Data-Analytics solutions and Cloud Migrations. I am eager to utilize my technical expertise and interpersonal skills in a demanding role and work environment. Additionally, I firmly believe that knowledge is an endless pursuit.

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