Unlock the Magic of Vuex Getters with These Practical Code Examples

Table of content

  1. Introduction
  2. What are Vuex Getters?
  3. Benefits of Using Vuex Getters
  4. Example: Getting Filtered List of Items from State Using Getters
  5. Example: Computing and Caching Computed State Using Getters
  6. Example: Using Getters to Access Nested State and Dynamic Properties
  7. Example: Testing Vuex Getters
  8. Conclusion and Further Resources


Are you struggling to fully understand Vuex getters? Don't worry, you're not alone! Learning how to effectively use Vuex getters can be a challenge, but with the right approach, you can unlock their full potential.

In this article, we'll provide practical code examples that will help you better comprehend what getters are and how to use them to your advantage. But before we dive into the code, let's start with the basics.

Vuex getters allow you to retrieve data from your store in a computed-like property. They are useful for fetching data from the store and computing something based on it, without modifying the original data. Getters are also reactive, which means they will update automatically when the underlying data changes.

To get the most out of Vuex getters, it's important to have a solid understanding of how Vuex works overall. This includes understanding concepts like state, mutations, and actions, as well as how they all fit together in the Vuex store. Once you have a solid understanding of these core concepts, you'll be better equipped to leverage getters to their fullest potential.

So, let's get started! We'll walk through some practical examples that will help you understand the power of Vuex getters and how to use them effectively in your own projects.

What are Vuex Getters?

Vuex getters are an integral part of Vuex, a state management pattern and library for Vue.js applications. Getters allow you to retrieve and compute data from the application state in a transparent and efficient way by encapsulating the logic of accessing and transforming the data. In other words, getters are like computed properties for the store, and they provide a convenient way to abstract complex state accessors and reduce redundancy and coupling in your codebase.

Getters are defined as functions that receive the state as their first argument, and return another value based on the state. You can then reference getters in your Vue components or actions using the $store.getters object, which exposes all the registered getters by their name. Getters can also take additional arguments, which allows you to parameterize them and make them more flexible.

Some common use cases for getters include filtering, sorting, counting, aggregating, or formatting lists or objects in the state. For instance, you could define a getter that returns the first 5 items of a list, a getter that returns the items that match a certain condition, or a getter that computes the average or sum of a numeric property of the items.

By using getters, you can ensure that your components or actions always access the state data in a consistent and predictable manner, and you can easily change the underlying implementation of the getters without affecting the consumers of the state. This can lead to cleaner and more modular code, as well as improved performance and debuggability.

Benefits of Using Vuex Getters

Vuex getters provide a powerful way to access the state of your application in a predictable and efficient way. With getters, you can compute derived state based on your application's state without having to manually access and iterate over the state object.

One of the main benefits of using getters is that they allow you to centralize the logic for computing derived state. By defining a getter for a specific computation, you are decoupling it from the component that needs it. This makes your code more modular and easier to maintain.

Getters also allow you to easily cache computed values. Since getters are cached based on their dependencies, if a getter's dependencies do not change, the cached value is used instead of recomputing it. This can significantly improve performance, especially for computationally expensive getters.

Another benefit of using getters is that they make it easier to test your application. By decoupling the logic for computing derived state from your components, you can test it independently of your UI. This makes it easier to write unit tests that cover all of the different states that your application can be in.

Overall, Vuex getters provide an elegant and efficient solution for computing derived state in your application. By centralizing the logic for these computations and caching their results, you can make your code more modular, maintainable, and performant.

Example: Getting Filtered List of Items from State Using Getters

To get a filtered list of items from the state using getters in Vuex, you can follow this example. Let's assume you have an array of products in your state, and you want to filter them based on some criteria, say the products with a certain color. Here's how to do it:

  1. Define a getter in your store module that returns the filtered list of products. Here's an example:
getters: {
  filteredProducts: state => color => {
    return state.products.filter(product => product.color === color)
  1. Import the getter in your component and use it to fetch the filtered list of products. Here's an example:
import { mapGetters } from 'vuex'

export default {
  computed: {
    redProducts() {
      return this.filteredProducts('red')

In this example, we're using the mapGetters helper from Vuex to map the filteredProducts getter to a computed property in our component called redProducts. This computed property takes an argument, color, which we pass to the filteredProducts getter to fetch the filtered list of products with that color.

By following this example, you can easily get a filtered list of items from your state using getters in Vuex. With some modification, you can apply this technique to any criteria you want to filter your data with.

Example: Computing and Caching Computed State Using Getters

To really get the most out of Vuex getters, you'll want to take advantage of their ability to compute and cache computed state. This can be a bit tricky to wrap your head around at first, but with a bit of practice, you'll soon see the benefits.

Let's walk through an example to illustrate how computing and caching computed state works. Let's say we have an array of users in our Vuex store, and we want to calculate the average age of all the users. We could do this manually by looping through the array and adding up all the ages, but that would be inefficient and repetitive.

Instead, we can use a getter to compute and cache the average age for us. Here's an example implementation:

const store = new Vuex.Store({
  state: {
    users: [
      { name: 'Alice', age: 25 },
      { name: 'Bob', age: 30 },
      { name: 'Charlie', age: 35 },
  getters: {
    averageAge(state) {
      if (!state.users.length) {
        return 0

      const totalAge = state.users.reduce(
        (total, current) => total + current.age,

      return totalAge / state.users.length

Notice that we're using reduce() to add up all the ages in the users array. We're also checking if the array is empty, in which case we'll return 0 to avoid a divide-by-zero error.

Now, whenever we need to access the average age, we can simply call this.$store.getters.averageAge and expect to get the correct value. The cool part is that the getter caches the computed value, meaning it won't recalculate it unless the underlying data (in this case, the users array) changes. This can help improve performance in a big app where you have lots of complex calculations going on.

So, that's a brief introduction to computing and caching computed state using Vuex getters. It might take a bit of practice to get used to, but once you start using it, you'll wonder how you ever got by without it!

Example: Using Getters to Access Nested State and Dynamic Properties

To further explore the power of Vuex getters, let's take a look at an example of using getters to access nested state and dynamic properties. In complex applications, it's common to have deeply nested state objects with various levels of immutability. Getting values from these objects can become complicated without the use of getters.

To access nested state in Vuex, we can simply chain the property names together using dot notation. For example, if we have a state object with a nested user object that contains a name property, we can access it using store.state.user.name. However, this syntax can quickly become cumbersome and difficult to read in larger applications. This is where getters come in handy.

By using a getter, we can create a computed property that returns the nested value we are looking for. This makes for cleaner code and easier maintenance. Here's an example of how we can define a getter to access the name of the user in our state object:

// Define a getter for user name
const getters = {
  userName: state => state.user.name

With this getter defined, we can now access the name property of our user object by calling store.getters.userName. This is much easier to read and maintain, especially in more complex scenarios where we may need to access several nested properties.

Additionally, getters can be used to access dynamic properties that are not known at compile-time. For example, let's say we have a state object with a list of products, and we want to define a getter that filters the list based on a dynamic search term. We can do this by accepting a search term as an argument to our getter, like so:

// Define a getter that filters products by search term
const getters = {
  filteredProducts: state => searchTerm => {
    return state.products.filter(product => {
      return product.name.includes(searchTerm)

With this getter defined, we can call store.getters.filteredProducts('shirt') to get a list of products that include the search term "shirt". This approach can be used for any dynamic property that needs to be computed based on user input or other factors.

Using getters in Vuex provides a powerful and flexible way to access state data in complex applications. By leveraging getters to access nested state and dynamic properties, we can create more maintainable and readable code that is easier to work with and debug.

Example: Testing Vuex Getters

When it comes to testing Vuex getters, the key is to ensure that they are returning the expected values. Here's a simple example to get you started:

import Vuex from 'vuex';
import { getters } from '@/store/getters';

describe('getters', () => {
  it('should return the correct count value', () => {
    const state = {
      count: 5,

In this example, we're testing the getCount getter to make sure it returns the correct count value from the state. First, we import the Vuex instance and getters object from our store. Then, we set up a describe block to group our tests together. Finally, we use the expect function to compare the result of the getCount getter to the expected value of 5.

You can run this test using a test runner like Jest, and it should pass as long as your getter is set up correctly. If you have more complex getters that depend on other state properties or methods, you can set up mock data using a library like Sinon or Jest to simulate different scenarios.

Remember, the key to testing Vuex getters is to make sure you're testing the actual getter function and not just the state. By breaking your tests down into smaller, focused test cases like this, you can catch errors early and ensure that your Vuex store is functioning as expected.

Conclusion and Further Resources

In conclusion, Vuex getters are a powerful tool for managing state in your Vue.js applications. They allow you to compute derived state based on the state in your store, giving you flexibility and control over your application's data. In this article, we've covered several practical examples of how to use getters to solve common challenges in your applications.

However, this is just the beginning. There are many more ways to use getters to unlock the full potential of your Vuex store. We encourage you to continue exploring the Vuex documentation and experimenting with your own code.

As with any new technology, learning Vuex getters can be challenging at first. But with practice and patience, you'll soon master this important part of the Vue.js ecosystem. Remember to start with the official documentation, take advantage of online resources such as forums and YouTube videos, and don't be afraid to ask for help when you need it.

Lastly, we recommend subscribing to relevant blogs and social media channels to stay up to date with the latest developments in the Vue.js and Vuex communities. This will give you a deeper understanding of how getters fit into the larger picture and how you can use them to create more efficient and effective applications. Good luck, and happy coding!

My passion for coding started with my very first program in Java. The feeling of manipulating code to produce a desired output ignited a deep love for using software to solve practical problems. For me, software engineering is like solving a puzzle, and I am fully engaged in the process. As a Senior Software Engineer at PayPal, I am dedicated to soaking up as much knowledge and experience as possible in order to perfect my craft. I am constantly seeking to improve my skills and to stay up-to-date with the latest trends and technologies in the field. I have experience working with a diverse range of programming languages, including Ruby on Rails, Java, Python, Spark, Scala, Javascript, and Typescript. Despite my broad experience, I know there is always more to learn, more problems to solve, and more to build. I am eagerly looking forward to the next challenge and am committed to using my skills to create impactful solutions.

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