## Table of content

- Introduction
- What is Pi?
- Importance of Pi in Mathematics
- History of Pi
- The First 100 Digits of Pi
- How to Learn Pi with Code Examples
- Code Example 1: Calculating Pi using Monte Carlo Simulation
- Code Example 2: Approximating Pi using the Gregory-Leibniz Series

### Introduction

Are you tired of feeling overwhelmed by your never-ending to-do list? Do you feel like you're constantly pushing yourself to do more, but never really getting anywhere? Maybe it's time to try a different approach.

Contrary to popular belief, productivity isn't all about doing more, but about doing the right things. In fact, sometimes doing less can actually be more effective. As Steve Jobs famously put it, "It's not about working harder, it's about working smarter."

Think about it: if you're constantly adding more tasks to your plate without taking the time to prioritize and weed out the unnecessary ones, you're setting yourself up for failure. You'll never be able to get everything done, and the tasks that truly matter will likely fall by the wayside.

So, how do you start doing less? It starts with taking a step back and assessing your priorities. What tasks are truly important and will have the biggest impact on your goals? What can you delegate or let go of entirely? It may be hard to let go of certain tasks, but you'll likely find that it's freeing to focus on what truly matters.

In short, productivity isn't a numbers game. It's about taking a strategic approach to your tasks and prioritizing what truly matters. By learning to do less and do it well, you'll be able to achieve more in the long run.

### What is Pi?

Have you ever heard of Pi? It's a mathematical constant that represents the ratio of a circle's circumference to its diameter. In other words, it's the distance around a circle divided by its width. But Pi is much more than just a number. Its significance goes beyond the world of geometry and into the realms of science, technology, and even philosophy.

Pi has been studied for thousands of years, with ancient civilizations like the Babylonians and Egyptians approximating the value of Pi. However, Pi is an irrational number, meaning it cannot be expressed as a simple fraction. Its decimal representation goes on forever without repeating, making it an endless and fascinating number to explore.

From calculating the orbits of planets to designing computer algorithms, Pi has become a fundamental tool in modern science and technology. The first 100 digits of Pi are 3.1415926535897932384626433832795028841971693993751058209749445923078164062862089986280348253421170679. Learning the first 100 digits may seem trivial, but it's just the tip of the iceberg when it comes to unlocking the mysteries of Pi.

So why should we care about Pi? As physicist and mathematician Freeman Dyson once said, "We are all in the position of the farmer. If we plant a good seed, we reap a good harvest. If our seed is poor and full of weeds, we reap a useless crop. If we plant nothing at all, we harvest nothing at all." Pi is a seed worth planting, a number worth exploring. By delving into the mysteries of Pi, we open doors to new discoveries and innovations. So let's start planting and unlock the secrets of Pi.

### Importance of Pi in Mathematics

You might think that memorizing the first 100 digits of Pi is just some sort of obscure party trick, but Pi is actually an incredibly important mathematical constant that has been studied for thousands of years.

Pi, denoted by the symbol π, is defined as the ratio of a circle's circumference to its diameter. This ratio is constant for all circles, regardless of their size. The value of Pi is approximately 3.14159, but the decimal expansion of Pi has no pattern and goes on infinitely.

Pi plays a crucial role in a wide range of mathematical fields, including geometry, trigonometry, calculus, and even statistics. It appears in formulas for calculating the areas and volumes of circles, spheres, and cylinders, and it is used in calculations for everything from calculating the angle of a triangle to the electrical resistance of a circuit.

As Albert Einstein once said, "Pure mathematics is, in its way, the poetry of logical ideas." Pi is a prime example of this. It is a beautiful and mysterious number that has fascinated mathematicians for centuries. It's no wonder that mathematicians around the world continue to study Pi and seek to unlock its secrets.

So, while memorizing the first 100 digits of Pi may not seem like the most useful skill, it can be a fun and engaging way to connect with this important mathematical constant and deepen your appreciation for the beauty and complexity of math.

### History of Pi

Pi, abbreviated as π, is a mathematical constant that represents the ratio of a circle's circumference to its diameter. The symbol π was first used by Welsh mathematician William Jones in 1706, and the value of pi was calculated to be approximately 3.14159 by Greek mathematician Archimedes in the 3rd century BC. However, the dates back much further than that, with the ancient Egyptians and Babylonians using approximations of pi in their calculations.

The pursuit of ever more accurate approximations of pi has fascinated mathematicians throughout history. In the 17th century, English mathematician John Wallis derived an infinite product that represents pi, known as Wallis's product. In the 18th century, Swiss mathematician Johann Lambert proved that pi is irrational, meaning it cannot be expressed as a finite or repeating decimal.

The calculation of pi has also played a significant role in the development of computing technology. In the 1940s, American mathematician John von Neumann pioneered the use of electronic computers to calculate pi to unprecedented levels of accuracy. In recent years, cloud computing has enabled collaborative efforts to calculate pi to trillions of decimal places.

Despite its perpetual role in mathematics and computing, pi remains a mysterious and fascinating number. Its infinite and non-repeating nature has excited mathematicians for centuries, and its importance in everyday life – from designing round structures to calculating the circumference of planets – has solidified its place in history.

### The First 100 Digits of Pi

Is memorizing a productive use of your time? Many people would say no, arguing that memorizing random numbers serves no practical purpose. But what if I told you that this seemingly useless task could actually have a positive impact on your productivity?

According to research, memorization exercises can improve cognitive function and memory retention. And while memorizing random numbers may seem pointless, it actually requires focus, concentration, and mental discipline – all valuable skills in improving productivity.

As Steve Jobs once said, "I read a study that measured the efficiency of locomotion for various species on the planet. The condor used the least energy to move a kilometer. And, humans came in with a rather unimpressive showing, about a third of the way down the list… But then someone at Scientific American had the insight to test the efficiency of locomotion for a man on a bicycle. And, a man on a bicycle, a human on a bicycle, blew the condor away, completely off the top of the charts."

In other words, sometimes doing something seemingly unproductive can actually be more efficient in the long run. While it may not directly relate to your work, challenging your memory and focusing your mind on a difficult task like memorizing can help train your brain to be more efficient overall.

So maybe it's time to rethink what productivity really means. Instead of simply doing more, maybe we should focus on doing less – but doing it better. And who knows, maybe memorizing will be the key to unlocking your full potential.

### How to Learn Pi with Code Examples

Learning Pi may seem like an impossible task for many, but did you know that it can actually be made much easier with code examples? With programming languages like Python, you can easily write code to calculate the first 100 digits of Pi.

So, what are the benefits of learning Pi with code examples? For starters, it's a fun and challenging exercise that can improve your coding skills. It also allows you to understand the mathematical concept of Pi better by visualizing it in code. Plus, being able to recite the first 100 digits of Pi never hurts at a party!

To get started, all you need is a basic understanding of programming concepts and access to a programming environment like Jupyter Notebook. Then, simply follow along with online tutorials and code examples to see how Pi is calculated using algorithms like the Bailey-Borwein-Plouffe formula.

As Albert Einstein once said, "Pure mathematics is, in its way, the poetry of logical ideas." Learning Pi with code examples not only helps you understand this poetry but also ignites the creative side of your brain. So, if you're looking for a fun and challenging project to improve your coding skills, give Pi a try! Who knows what other logical ideas you might uncover along the way.

### Code Example 1: Calculating Pi using Monte Carlo Simulation

Have you ever wanted to calculate Pi but didn't know where to start? Look no further than Monte Carlo simulation! This innovative method allows us to estimate the value of Pi with just a few lines of code.

Here's an example of how it works: imagine throwing darts randomly at a square target with a circle inscribed inside. If we count the number of darts that fall within the circle versus those that fall outside of it, we can use that ratio to estimate the value of Pi.

As the number of darts increase, our estimation becomes more and more accurate. With just a few lines of code, we can write a Python program that utilizes this method to calculate Pi to a high degree of precision.

Coding Pi using Monte Carlo simulation is not only a fascinating mathematical exercise, but it also has practical applications in a variety of fields, including finance and science. As physicist Richard Feynman once said, "Computer simulation is an essential part of scientific research today, and the value of using random digits in such a simulation is, I hope, obvious."

So why not challenge yourself to unlock the mysteries of Pi with Monte Carlo simulation? With this simple code example, you'll be on your way to discovering the power of computational mathematics.

### Code Example 2: Approximating Pi using the Gregory-Leibniz Series

Have you ever heard of the Gregory-Leibniz series for approximating the value of Pi? It's a fascinating mathematical formula that can be implemented in code to get a pretty accurate value of Pi. Let's take a look at how it works:

```
def approx_pi(iterations):
pi = 0
sign = 1
for i in range(iterations):
pi += sign / (2 * i + 1)
sign *= -1
return pi * 4
```

What this code does is it sums up the series `1 - 1/3 + 1/5 - 1/7 + 1/9 - ...`

up to a certain number of iterations, and then multiplies the result by 4 to get an approximation of Pi.

But why would we want to use this method instead of simply using the value of Pi that's built into most programming languages? Well, for one, it's a great exercise in math and programming. But more importantly, it allows us to understand how Pi is calculated and how it relates to other mathematical concepts.

As the famous mathematician Carl Friedrich Gauss once said, "Mathematics is the queen of the sciences and number theory is the queen of mathematics." By exploring the intricacies of Pi, we can gain a deeper appreciation for the beauty and complexity of math itself.

So, next time you're looking for a coding challenge, give the Gregory-Leibniz series a try and see how close you can get to the first 100 digits of Pi. Who knows, you might just uncover some new insights and inspiration along the way.